Alexander Sogolow, 69, a retired Army lieutenant colonel and senior intelligence officer with the Central Intelligence Agency, died of respiratory failure Tuesday at the National Naval Medical Center. He lived in Chevy Chase.

Col. Sogolow was a native of Kiev, Russia. He came to this country in 1926 and settled in New York City. He was a 1936 graduate of the City College of New York and attended St. John's University law school in Brooklyn.

He served with the Army in Europe during World War II. He was an intelligence officer for the U.S. High Command in Berlin and a Russian and German interpreter for senior allied officers, including Generals Eisenhower and Patton. He left active duty in 1948 as a lieutenant colonel and joined the Army Reserves, from which he retired in 1972.

Col. Sogolow joined the CIA in 1949 as an intelligence officer in Germany. During his years with the agency, he lived in Washington and Germany. Since 1963, he has lived in Washington and Chevy Chase. He retired in 1972.

He was a member of the Association of Former Intelligence Officers, the Central Intelligence Retired Association, the Retired Officers Association and the American Association of Retired Persons. He was a volunteer for the American Red Cross.

Survivors include his wife, Phyllis, of Chevy Chase; a daughter, Terry, of Silver Spring; a son, Robert, of Van Nuys, Calif., and a sister, Tamara Weinschenker of New York City.

The family suggests that expressions of sympathy be in the form of contributions to the American Heart Fund or to the American Cancer Society.