Arcadia Near Phillips, 81, a retired Labor Department statistician and former vice president of the D.C. Board of Education who was active in civic and church organizations, died of arteriosclerosis Aug. 27 at the Herman M. Wilson Health Care Center in Gaithersburg.

A longtime Washington resident, she lived in Bethesda for 10 years before moving to the Health Care Center two years ago.

Mrs. Phillips joined the Labor Department's children's bureau as an assistant statistician in 1927. Three years later she transferred to the department's women's bureau, from which she retired as chief statistician in 1937.

She served on the D.C. School Board from 1951 to 1960, holding the posts of vice president and acting president part of that time. She also served on the old D.C. Commissioners' Traffic Safety Board and the D.C. Small Business Licenses Board.

Mrs. Phillips was a past president and member of the women's guild of the Wesley Theological Seminary. She had been a trustee of of the National Metropolitan Memorial Methodist Church and was a member of the board of trustees of Asbury Methodist Village from 1975 to 1980.

She was a native of Atlanta and a 1923 graduate of Barnard College. For the next two years she worked for the Brookings Institution here, then worked for the Carnegie Foundation in New York before returning here and joining the Labor Department in 1927.

Her husband, Frank S. Phillips, died in 1966.

Survivors include two sons, Leland H., of Bethesda, and Frank S. Jr., of St. Michaels, Md.; a daughter, Arcadia D. Phillips of Bethesda; a sister, Janie L. Near of Atlanta; a brother, Clifford L. Near of Richmond, and six grandchildren.