Candidates for Montgomery County Executive and candidates for the County Council were asked the following questions by The Washington Post:
Funds: What should the county do to respond to anticipated losses in federal funds?
Housing: What proposals should the county consider to get more moderate-income housing?
Population: How can the county respond to the needs of its increasingly diverse population, including large numbers of Hispanos and blacks?
Views: Many citizens complain that, despite the county's rigorous public hearing process, citizens' views are not reflected in final decisions on such issues as the Laytonsville landfill and cable television. Your comment?
Edgar A. Cadwallader (R), 64 of 4406 Mahan Rd., Silver Spring, has worked 23 years as a federal chemist-chemical engineer, working on water, energy and environmental problems, and 10 years as a chemist at Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory. He is active in the county Republican Party.
Funds: Reordering budget priorities to eliminate such frills as horse farm purchase, Rock Run waste treatment plant and similar programs. I favor private enterPrise to operate county Liquor sales outlets. Also favor precinct watch program to reduce crime.
Housing: I have not researched this problem enough to suggest proposals at this time.
Population: As in question No. 2, I have not studied the needs of the minority groups to suggest reasonable programs. I am, however, bilinqual, having learned Spanish in my native state of New Mexico.
Views: I feel that citizens groups have had opportunities to express their views on such issues as the Laytonville Landfill and cable television, and I believe final decisions have considered such views, although not in accordance with the opponents wishes.
Robert J. Hydorn (R), of 11121 Korman Dr., Potomac. The candidate did not respond to The Washington Post questionnaire.
Malcolm Lawrence (R), 57, of 3807 Taylor St., Chevy Chase, Md., an economic consultant and free-lance writer, retired in 1978 as a career foreign service officer, specializing in monetary and industrial research and commercial policy. He is a member of the county War-On-Narcotics League.
Funds: I am in agreement with the basic thrust of President Reagan's New Federalism plan -- proposal soon to become a fact of life -- which will assign primary responsibility for a number of services to state and local governments where greater degrees of economy and effectiveness can be achieved. A principal area of concern is human needs programs, which are currently undergoing reexamination and reevaluation in the light of budgetary constraints. In many communities throughout the United States, including Montgomery County, there have been elements of excessive overhead costs, duplication of efforts and abuse through false claims and poor recordkeeping. I am in favor of efficient delivery systems for necessary social services in bona fide cases of need. I would recommend more reliance on contracting services out, particularly in areas with computer application, as a means of eliminating some of the overhead cost resulting from under-utilization of permanent personnel.
Housing: Housing inflation, high interest rates, mounting property taxes and an antigrowth attitude have made it most difficult for the younger members of the Labor force to acquire a house. New families are looking outside of the county for more reasonable dwellings. The target for the next County Council should be to undertake actions to promote the availabilities of housing choices at a range of prices that match the income levels of all segments of the population, a program that will accommodate the work force needed to provide essential county services and staff our businesses and industries. Major emphasis must be placed on reducing stringent building code requirements, holding the line on government spending and taxes and broadening the tax base through sensible planning and development and opening up Montgomery County to convenient, quality commercial services and worthwhile business enterprises. The principal initiatives must come from private sources and be based on sound economic practices. We must not be trapped into a accepting government "bail-out" programs and perpetual housing subsidies.
Population: The council should promote equal opportunities in education and employment for Montgomery County residents regardless of gender, race or religion.
Views: Economic growth, sound budgetary practices, clean air and water, sewage treatment, waste disposal and zoning are legitimate community issues. The new council must undertake cost effective measures within available resource limits with genuine respect for all concern. The citizens of Montgomery County have had an all-Democrat County Council for 12 years. It has been a one-party period of control that has produced near-stagnation in the supply of housing, record levels of government spending and taxes and cumbersome regulation for industry and business in general. In other areas, the all-Democrat council has debated and amended good issues to death. And as the Laytonsville Landfill clearly demonstrated, the present council has put bad projects on stream and ignored the wishes of the local citizenry. The council also has dodged its responsibilities by deliberately postponing action on certain environmental and zoning issues until after the election. It is time for a change, time for the voters to remove the Potter and Scull types from office. They have had their chance at it and have brought dissatisfaction to many sectors of our community.
Leonard H. Robinson Jr. (R) 39, of 3401 Pauline Dr., Chevy Chase, is director of the International Development Study Center of Battelle's Human Affairs Research Centers. Previously, he was chief of the Africa division of the Office of Population, U.S. Agency for International Development. He is a member of several civic groups.
Funds: Programs supported through federal grants should be assessed for impact on those served, evaluated in terms of effectiveness and quality, then ranked according to priority. At the very least, we should maintain a commitment to education and aid to families with dependent children. I would not want to comment on cuts per se until the council has had an opportunity to thoroughly analyze existing programs and their relative worth-effectiveness.
Housing: Developers are now confronted with a maze of procedures -- most of them very costly -- while in the process of applying for approval to develop and build affordable housing. These procedures need to be streamlined and simplified to encourage construction. Once this occurs, many of the costs initially absorbed by developers but then passed on to buyers will be negated. Secondly, the County Council should initiate a dialogue between the government and builders to mutually explore innovate ways to build affordable housing and to consider creative financing schemes for families who wish to buy. A joint consensus on how, where, etc., might expedite the process immeasurably.
Population: As a member of the minority population, I can attest to the fact that we are not involved in the mainstream of political and government discussions-issues in Montgomery County. The recent school board decisions regarding school closings are a perfect case in point. One would think decisions of such a serious and sensitive nature would have been handled more carefully and with some forethought as to how to publicize the outcome of their deliberations. In essence, the county needs to reach out and meet minority citizens halfway, appoint them to boards and commissions and create an atmosphere where they will feel confident to run for public office with the prospect of winning. At the moment, it would appear as though we are frozen out.
Views: Without a doubt, the citizens of the county are "rubber stamps" in terms of their views and concerns on issues confronting them personally and the county. I've seen and heard the frustration from one side of the county to the other. There is a growing feeling that decisions are made prior to public hearings. This obviously has created suspicion and distrust of council officials. I stand for increased, genuine participation on the part of citizens and would encourage this by conducting important hearings right in those communities and locales where issues are most acutely felt. I also believe that council members should be held accountable, to the people who vote theminto office, for their actions, words and deeds. This process can be fostered through a system which elects council members by district, rather than countywide. Many of the people council members by district, rather than countywide. Many of the people I've met haven't a clue as to who represents them, who they should address a particular issue to because of the present system. This proposed change, plus the addition of holding hearings throughout the county, and through the appointment of citizens to various issue committees should improve relations in a real sense. James Rose (R), 47, of 12712 Hunting Horn Ct., Potomac, president of Rose Associates, marketing and convention on specialists, has worked for the federal departments of Transportation and Health, Education and Welfare. He is a member of several community organizations.
Funds: Prioritize needs. Target funding levels to those needs. Use state funds where applicable. Fund remainder of program balances within current income in order of priorities. Where public support for low priority needs is demanding, taxes would have to be raised for those programs.
Housing: Eliminate TDRs. Eliminate SEOC charges. Develop more cluster housing. Rewrite APFO.
Population: Regardless of how diverse the population is or may become, everyone requires the same basic needs.
Views: When enough citizens believe their views are being ignored, we should see a change in political leadership. We do need more clearly defined timetables for citizen participation.