Candidates for state Senate and House of Delegates were asked the following questions by The Washington Post:
Industry: What plans do you have to attract new industry to the state and to help those now unemployed?
Reaganomics: What parts of the Reagan economic program do you support or oppose?
Amend: Should the state amend its constitution to limit taxes or spending?
Crime: What proposals would you support to address the crime problem?
William C. Bevan (D), 54, of 10750 Guilford Rd., Jessup, is a real estate agent and retired junior high school principal with 25 years in the Prince George's school system. He is on the board of the Southern Howard County Democratic Club and active in educational, youth and civic organizations.
Industry: The state's Economic Development Division and the governor have made tremendous strides in attracting new industries. We need to invest more retirement funds into mortgages to help revive the construction industry. The legislature will need to supplement block grant funds to keep the successful CETA program in operation.
Reaganomics: Most of the program has been a disaster, witness the high unemployment rate. American workers are going to really get desperate when all unemployment benefits are exhausted. I see the Reagan administration doing very little to help the steel, automobile or construction industries.
Amend: Oppose any amendment. The present law requiring a balanced budget and the public's awareness of taxes is a fine blend that helps to keep taxes under control without denying the legislature the ability to prioritize programs and allocate the funds.
Crime: Tougher enforcement of penalties. Restitution to victims. Revision of juvenile laws so that juveniles will be held responsible for their actions, particularly those in the 16 to 17-year old age bracket who look at the present system as a joke.
Susan R. Buswell (D), 46, of 6053 Old Lawyers Hill Road, Elkridge, is the executive director of the Maryland Association of Elementary School Administrators and former chairman of the Howard County Board of Education, on which she has served since 1973. She is active in educational and civic associations.
Industry: I believe the legislature acted appropriately when it extended state unemployment benefits. Termination of anticipated benefits on the basis of new federal regulations had created undue hardships with an unemployment rate of 9 percent. Tax incentives may attract new industries and could also be used to assist established industries to modernize and achieve an effective competitive posture. While providing incentives to attract new industries, attention must be given to adequate environmental safeguards. Maryland must protect its environment to ensure the continued success of both the agricultural and seafood industries. Financial support of industry in its effort to comply with such protection may need to be provided.
Reaganomics: The promise to deregulate is very appealing. However, the economic cuts are proceeding much faster than the promised deregulation. Since deregulation was to save money in order to provide services, the plan is off track. A specific case would be PL-94-142, the Special Education Act. Funds have now been substantially cut for next year. However, the modified regulations are just now being proposed.
Amend: No, the state already has a mandated balanced budget. This appears sufficient to me to provide for fiscal prudence. The legislature must agree to the taxes to support the programs provided. In the past several years, the legislature has provided for an increase of government costs less than the CPI. The debt affordability ceiling has kept capital expenditure increases more limited than in the past.
Crime: Juvenile crime is a serious probelm. Lifetime labeling for difficult adolescent years is not desirable. However, there must be some method provided whereby the courts are made aware of the previous problems of young offenders. Provisions for real rehabilitation rather than simply warehousing is absolutely necessary. Stricter guidelines for sentencing will assist in providing more even punishments for offenses.
D. Craig Horn (D), 38, of 8016 McKenstry Dr., Laurel, is a food broker and former member of the Laurel City Council, twice serving as council president. He is active in Howard County civic and volunteer groups and Democratic Party politics, and was designated an Outstanding Young Man of America in 1978.
Industry: The Maryland legislature must work with the executive to attract new and compatible industries to Maryland. Improved east-west connectors in the Baltimore-Washington corridor must be constructed. Mass transit should be promoted, including the expansion of passenger rail service. Public education needs additional state support. Maryland is a good place to live and a great place to do business. I support the concept of returning power and programs to state and local governments. I oppose the application of "supply-side" economics as I understand it. I do not support the arbitrary withdrawal of federal funds from programs that are federally mandated without any provisions for the state and local jurisdictions to be able to pick up their funding. I believe that the Reagan economic program has failed to address the retraining needs of America's work force.
Amend: A limit on spending on a program-by-program basis is a far superior way to control the state budget than limiting the ability of Maryland to collect taxes. With a balanced budget, limited spending will mean limited taxes.
Crime: A true "corrections" system needs to be established. Restitution should be part of punishment. The Patuxent Institution "experiment" should be reinstituted. Mandatory sentencing on specified crimes needs to be established. The "human warehouse" approach to corrections is not rehabilitation. Juvenile crime needs to be particularly addressed. Support for the uniformed patrolman and streamlining of the judicial process would benefit in this area immediately.
William H. Hurst (D), 57, of 7909 Helmart Dr., Laurel, is an attorney and part-time teacher who retired from the U.S. Foreign Serv ice in 1980 while serving as a section chief in the U.S. consulate at Frankfurt. He is active in the American Legion, Rotary and other civic groups and church activities in Laurel.
Industry: This would certainly be a key concern of mine, especially to help the unemployed. I would support and perhaps introduce legislation to extend unemployment coverage. I would endeavor to assist the foundering housing industry by supporting programs to make mortgages more readily available. I would support programs to use interest from pension funds to encourage businesses to come to Maryland and to help with the mortgage situation.
Reaganomics: I do not think the Reagan economic program is working, nor do I think it will work. The fact that nationally known economists have dropped out of his administration would seem to support this view. Although Maryland is perhaps in better financial shape than most states, I don't think that even it, Maryland, will be able to cope with the cuts being made or sought to be made by the federal government.
Amend: I think this would be a precarious step but I believe that real estate taxes on middle-class people, particularly, have become confiscatory. As an ultimate action to stop inflation, I would probably agree to such a limitation. Certainly I would have to study the matter in detail.
Crime: Although I am, like the great majority of people, opposed to the matter of drunken driving, I think that has been overemphasized as a political issue while even more serious crimes involving narcotics, violent crime, white-collar crime and the like have been largely overlooked. I would propose revision of the drunken driving lawa to make second and repeated offenses far more serious than a first offense not involving injuries. I would propose and support the tightening of juvenile laws and procedures to bring juvenile criminals before criminal courts. I would also support action or rules to require that judges not use crowded conditions of prisons as a criteria in sentencing.
George J. Kapanoske (D), 28, of 8814 Hawthorne La., Laurel, was a Library of Congress researcher before resigning to campaign full time. A graduate of the University of Maryland, where he majored in government and politics, he was active in employe groups at the Library's Congressional Research Service.
Industry: With unemployment reaching new highs, it is important that we maintain benefits for the unemployed. It is equally important that we find jobs for these people. I would support tax breaks for industry in order to get more Marylanders back on the job.
Reaganomics: I do not support any part of the Reagan economic program. I am most opposed to cuts that have been made in the area of education and unemployment. The people are not responsible for the state of the economy. And where I do recognize that life will be tougher for everyone in these depressed economic times, remedies should not be at the expense of the average working person. Fundamental government services such as educating our youth and providing food for the hungry must not be cut.
Amend: I do not support legislation that would limit taxes or spending. This type of short-sighted policy will only present problems in the future.
Crime: There is a necessity for reevaluating our crime problem. I support the concept of mandatory jail sentences for crimes committed with handguns. Something must be done to keep guns out of irresponsible hands. I also support stricter sentencing for repeat offenders.
Arthur J. McGinnis (D), 69, of 5902 Rustic La., Elkridge, a real estate broker for 25 years, will teach math and science this year at the Christian Learning Academy in Glen Burnie. A World War II paratrooper, he is active in the 1st District Democratic Club, in causes to protect the unborn and in a Cambodian refugee resettlement project.
Industry: Plans to attract new industry are usually handled by a standing committee and should include an attractive tax package for the particular industry in order to lighten the cost of high initial investment for ground and building.
Reaganomics: As a delegate in a state legislature there is little I can do about national programs. They are better handled by the Congress.
Amend: Yes, there should be some type of limit on the ability of the state to tax and spend. In an emergency, such as the recent calling of a special session for extending unemployment benefits, it can always be changed.
Crime: I believe that more than 50 percent of our crime is committed by juveniles. This means that parents and schools are not doing their job. Although it is only a small percentage, possibley 3 percent to 4 percent of the total enrollment, the cost is still high. So some kind of closer cooperation between their parents and the school authorities is needed.
Robert N. Stokes Jr., (D), 32, of 15712 Dorset Rd., Laurel, is a native of Laurel and a 1974 graduate of the University Maryland School of Law. Since 1979 he has been an associate on the staff of the Prince George's County Attorney. He is a member of Phi Beta Kappa scholastic fraternity.
Industry: One chief factor in attracting new industry and other employers to Maryland is the availability of a skilled labor force. The state needs to do much more to provide training and retraining for workers. Modern industry and commerce use modern technology, which demands highly skilled, technically oriented persons to operate and program production systems. The state must also act to enhance the role of small business in the state's economy. The state should act to improve small-business access to credit and investment funding. The state should also act to give small business its fair share of government procurement contracts, with preference to areas of high unemployment.
Reaganomics: It was unwise to reduce taxes in the face of proposed massive increases in spending for weapons and military manpower and pressing human needs arising from the recession. While the concept of New Federalism is not necessarily bad, abrupt cutbacks in spending and revenue transfers to the states and cities have wreaked havoc. The states will need time to adjust their revenue policies. It is unfair for the administration and Congress to reduce dramatically the amount of funds transferred to the states but to continue to mandate what programs must be maintained by the states.
Amend: No. Maryland is already required by its constitution to have a balanced budget. It is the single most important responsibility of the legislature to decide the scope of governmental activity and to levy the taxes necessary to carry out that program. The General Assembly should not be subjected to an artificial limit on spending or tax levies but it must exercise strict and responsible control over spending.
Crime: First, we must take steps to ensure that every child is raised in a healthy and nonabusive environment and receives the education and training to be an employable and productive citizen. Meanwhile, we must deal severly with juvenile drime: young robbers, rapists and murderers should be tried and punished as felons. I favor a maximum- security facility for juvenile felons. Adult correctional facilities are severly overcrowded, which impedes any effort at rehabilitation. The people properly want to incarcerate violent and repeat offenders for long terms. We need to build mroe prisons. Finally, we need to consider mandatory sentencing for certain offenses with a view to swift and certain punishment for offenders. Certain incarceration is a better deterrent than a lengthy term.