Candidates for state Senate and House of Delegates were asked the following questions by The Washington Post:
Industry: What plans do you have to attract new industry to the state and to help those now unemployed?
Reaganomics: What parts of the Reagan economic program do you support or oppose?
Amend: Should the state amend its constitution to limit taxes or spending?
Crime: What proposals would you support to address the crime problem?
Julia Brown (R), 48, of 15713 Wayne Ave., Laurel, is the founder and operator of the Julia Brown Montessori Schools and the past chairman of the Prince George's County Consumer Protection Commission and Taxicab Rate Board. She has taught in public and private schools for more than 20 years.
Industry: We should encourage new and expanded home-grown industries as well as attract outside industries to the state because locally owned industries are more likely to be permanent and have a higher social consciousness. A good business climate, including excellent higher education, reasonable business tax rates and minimal business regulations, is necessary to encourage local industries and attract outside industries.
Reaganomics: I support most of the Reagan economic programs and none of the Federal Reserve Board's monetary policies aimed at a zero rate of inflation, which guarantees a contracting economy.
Amend: I would need the exact details of the amendment to the state constitution limiting taxes or spending before committing myself. However, I am aware the state has a poor record on services rendered vs. taxes collected, which I attribute to the failure of the legislature to serve as watchdog of the executive branch. This is due in part to the fact that the legislature is dominated by one party whose leadership exerts excessive control over it.
Crime: The prevention of crime, particularly rape, has a high priority with me. I propose more police officers and prison space, better cooperation between law enforcement agencies, more utilization of scientific crime-solving methods, guidelines for judges to follow in se-ting sentences and delays in erasing juvenile records.
Donald B. W. Messenger (R), 46, of 10497 Graeloch Rd., Laurel, has practiced law in Maryland for more than 20 years. He has served as chairman of the Prince George's Consumer Protection Commission, and held several offices in bar associations and Republican Central Committees in Prince George's and Howard counties.
Industry: I would favor additional free enterprise zones, shopsteading and other innovative ideas to encourage commerce and jobs in the state. The business of business is job creation. In addition, business regulations and taxation should be tempered so as to create a climate for business expansion in the state, rather than loss of business such as banks locating their credit-card operations in Delaware to avoid state regulations. Competition should regulate the marketplace to the greatest extent possible rather than government regulations.
Reaganomics: I disagree with giving tax breaks to large corporate giants allowing them to obtain and to use their tax savings to acquire and merge or consolidate with other large corporations without vigorous antitrust enforcement against such mergers. I favor the long-term economic benefits to be derived from curbing government spending so that the federal government does not have to borrow such large portions of capital, leaving little available for business expansion in the private sector. I agree that this is the first administration since the New Deal to reassess the government's role in the economy on a long-term basis. I favor an expansion of Small Business Administration program.
Amend: I would favor the basic idea of a constitutional limitation on taxation and spending with safeguards for a genuine emergency or economic disaster. I think although our forefathers created a great form of government through our Constitution, they did not create a check for unbridled spending and such a constitutional limitation would be wise.
Crime: By requiring mandatory sentencing on many criminal acts. By making statewide the Anne Arundel County juvenile restitution plan, which seeks to rehabilitate youthful offenders by utilizing offenders for work in public maintenance programs, which saved the taxpayers of Anne Arundel County $200,000. A program for juvenile offenders such as New Jersey's "Scared Straight" program should be funded by legislation. The juvenile laws should be restated to allow punishment of juveniles, not just rehabilitation as provided in the present Maryland laws.
Frederick Mill (R), 46, of 7030 Longview Rd., Columbia, is a research scientist for Mar Inc., a defense contractor. He is an Air Force veteran and has successfully owned and operated two small businesses following his studies in mathematics at the University of Maryland and at Johns Hopkins University.
Industry: 1) Time- graduated ceilings to recude interest rates. 2) Reduction of employer tax burden on each employe. 3) "Buy Maryland" tax credit or other inducements on the purchase of products made in Maryland. 4) Provision of all-day child care at local school for children of working single parents in order to induce employment. 5) Graduated reduction in welfare benefits when recipient obtains employment in order to induce employment. 6) Tax incentive to businesses for each monthly increase in production/volume of product/service units. 7) Defer /suspend real estate transfer tax for new/expanded facilities. 8) Waive/reduce inventory tax for first year of new/expanded facilities. 9) Determine types of "desired" industries and entice expansion/new location for such industries with industrial revenue bonds.
Reaganomics: Support tax reductions. Oppose $100 billion-plus deficit, extraordinarily high defense spending, supply-side economics (there is no such thing), continued tight-money policy, and lack of "pump priming."
Amend: Yes to both questions. A spending cap indexed on the CPI Consumer Price Index should be imposed. Breaching the cap should be allowed in a year in which a state emergency (such as severe hurricane damage) occurs, but only by a special act of the legislature.
Crime: 1) Severe mandatory sentence to anyone convicted of using a gun to commit a crime. 2) Eliminate infraction of a minor technicality as a means of voiding a verdict (this would probably require federal legislation and perhaps a constitutional amendment). 3) Capital punishment for premeditated murder or murder committed during a crime. 4) Stiff sentences for crimes of violence. 5) Swift trial and, if necessary, euqally swift implementation of punishment. 6) Assignment of mandatory "good works" projects in cases of minor infractions, especially in such cases involving juvenile offenders. 7) Restitution of damages by offender or by parents of juvenile offender. (Primarily applicable in cases of vandalism). 8) Education and training programs for inmates. 9) Programs and incentives to make prisons self supporting. 10) Internal protection of non- violent inmates. 11) Isolation of inmate rapists, sadists, bullies, etc.
Jacob R. Raitt (R), 46, of 6905 Scotch Dr., Laurel, has worked in virtually every phase of the practice of pharmacy for the past 30 years. He has been president of Brighton Village Tenants' Association and has been active in a homeowner's group, the Laurel Public Works Commission and the Montgomery County ballet guild.
Industry: It is time to realize that the government cannot endlessly supply jobs, for in order to do so they must increase taxes. These taxes are then funneled through the government where bureaucracy removes much of the funding, which is then further reduced by being redistributed. What government must do is to equitably (percentage-wise) adjust the tax level so that income is properly arrived at. In addition, all out-of-state bids are to be examined as to salary base, if salaries on out-of-state (country) bids are lower due to government subsidy, salary tariffs should be added to these bids, so that local companies may bid strictly on a basis of quality and attractiveness. This will attract industry to the area, for they will not be competing against impossible salary structures.
Reaganomics: The Reagan government has unhappily inherited an economic mess that has been growing for six decades. No such economic problem can be solved with remedial attempts. I believe President Reagan is attempting to solve his problem with what is at his disposal, but increased taxation to reduce an incredibly untenable national debt is too late in history to succeed. Any government that is going to reduce our debt and return the country to acceptable financial stability must do it radically and rationally, must propose sweeping economic changes, must be elected, and then must have the courage to implement their program. I propose that initially, the gross national debt of over $1 trillion be cancelled. The how to is an economic program.
Amend: All questions concerning taxation would relate to the courage of the federal government in canceling the national debt. Should such a debt be canceled, and a rational tax off the top of spending or income (but not both) be collected by a government program that does not compete with workers and industry for their money, then state taxes will become bosolete. They will not be necessary. Limiting taxes or spending would then be moot, the mechanics to do such a thinkg would be unnecessary, and the expenditures for collection and redistribution would be unnecessary, further saving money.
Crime: Ideally, since most crimes are related to economics, improved economy would reduce the crime problem. However, until that time, I would favor imposing more severe, mandatory sentences for use of a weapon in the commission of a crime, and would impose more severe sentences for the commission of drug-related crimes. Finally, it is imperative that the National Rifle Association representatives be brought together in a meaningful meeting with those representatives of antihandgun legislation. These factions have been fighting so long that they are no longer listening to each other, and they cannot hear that their ultimate goals are the same, protection of human rights and human dignity.