Candidates for state Senate and House of Delegates were asked the following questions by The Washington Post:
Industry: What plans do you have to attract new industry to the state and to help those now unemployed?
Reaganomics: What parts of the Reagan economic program do you support or oppose?
E. Alexander Adams (D), 36, of 2906 Ramblewood Rd., Ellicott City, a lawyer, has been active in local community and Democratic groups, including Columbia Interfaith Housing Corp., Howard County Farm Bureau, county Democratic Central Committee and 2nd District Democratic Club.
Industry: The state must actively recruit new industry and seek expansion of existing business. The state should improve the Port of Baltimore and aggressively market its advantages as a major selling point for new and relocating businesses. The state should tout the advantages of the "Baltimore-Washington Common Market." We should sell the market advantages of our transportation infrastructure and our geographical location. We should examine what economic incentives we can offer new and expanding businesses, be it IRBs (industrial revenue bonds) or perhaps temporary abatement/refund of (property) taxes (tied to job creation). Secondly, we must ensure that our education system is providing a pool of skilled (including retrained) and educated employees for industry and business. Many of the unemployed from depressed industries need vocational retraining to become employable. I strongly support such retraining.
Reaganomics: I strongly support the principles of eliminating government waste and duplication. I also support the principles of business stimulation through tax incentives. My opposition to the Reagan economic program is two-fold: First, the tax cuts were not job- or capital-producing oriented. For example, the oil industry, already awash in cash, received significant cuts which only further fueled acquisition-merger plans. Tax "losses" were sold, complicated "tax" leases entered into, all of which failed to address or attack our two most chronic economic problems: hardcore, Permanent unemployment in basic industries and lack of sufficient capital formation for business, the lack of which has resulted in ruinous interest rates. Second, a number of the spending cuts were too broad and precipitous. The tremendous tax cuts and increased spending in some are as will create a ruinous deficit that will keep interest rates high and push more and more businesses and individuals into insolvency.
Crime: Most crime is committed by persons under 25 years of age. We must not only make this group more responsible for their actions, particularly juveniles, but also we must increase their educational and economic opportunities to deter their criminal behavior. Specifically, I would favor: 1) Treating juveniles as adults for commission of serious automobile offenses. If they are old enough to drive a potentially dangerous vehicle, they should be treated as adults. 2) Repeat offenders of whatever age must be dealt with more severely. 3) Requiring parents to be more financially responsible for the delinquent acts of their children. 4) More vocational training opportunities for unskilled young people. 5) Economic development activities to attract more industry and create job opportunities.
Hugh Burgess (D), (Incumbent), 53, of 8900 Frederick Rd., Ellicott City, was first elected to the House of Delegates in 1966. During his 16 years in office he has served on the Environmental Matters Committee and has headed subcommittees on mandatory bottle deposits and the Agricultural Land Preservation Bill. He is active in the Kiwanis.
Industry: I have no plans as far as attracting industry and I do not think it is fair for one subdivision to be bying against another subdivision with tax incentives and other special considerations just to bring an industry into that subdivision. The proposal I have would be to attract the workers to an area and have them trained to do the specific jobs that new industries would have them perform. For the past three years, I have introduced vocational-technical scholarships through the community colleges for the benefit of the unemployed.
Reaganomics: I have not studied all of the economic policies of the Reagan administration. I do resent somewhat the forwarding of the MX missile and the B1 bomber and the curtailing of the social programs such as food stamps and the AID [Aid to Failities with Dependent Children] payments.
Crime: Since Maryland as a state adopted the common law in its first legislative session, crime has not varied significantly. Article 27 of the Criminal Code needs no new laws, but what we do need are harsher penalties for the criminals. Perhaps this might be tter be answered by providing more jails and other correctional institutions.
Sue-Ellen Hantman (D), 37, of 10453 Sternwheel Pl., Columbia, has been an assistant state's attorney for Howard County since 1980--in charge of the juvenile division since January--and a member of the county Planning Board since 1979. She is active in community organizations.
Industry: At this point, I can envision three areas in which the state government can play a role in attracting new business and industry. First, the Department of Economic Development has been working with the business sector on a far-reaching public relations and advertising campaign both in the United States and abroad to promote Maryland as a good place to locate, and this should continue, with review of the results, of course. Second, the continued use of industrial revenue bonds, including modifications of the regulations, where appropriate, also would be helpful. Third, by maintaining a high quality of life within the state, i.e. good school systems, good public transportation systems and road networks, high environmental standards, etc., businesses will be encouraged to locate here because of the desirability of living conditions and the high caliber of employees that will be attracted. The unemployment problem will be addressed, in part, by any increase in industry. In addition, we must be committed to educational, vocational, and retraining programs so that the available pool of labor matches the needs of employers.
Reaganomics: At the moment, I cannot think of any part of the Reagan economic program that I support. The tax cuts that were passed were minimal compared with the programs that are being sent back to the states without sufficient funding. He is now talking about increased taxes, without supporting social programs. Cuts in day care, health services, education and training programs, etc., will be disastrous. It will not only affect people now, especially women, children and elderly persons, but also it will perpetuate the poverty problem into the future. By my way of thinking, this is extremely poor planning and "false economy" if economy at all.
Crime: I would support the following: We must support sufficient funding for the Juvenile Services Administration so that there will be an adequate number of probation officers and that the residential facilities that are part of the system (e.g., the Youth Centers and the Training School) are able to handle those juveniles who need to be there. The adult Department of Parole and Probation also must be adequately funded and staffed. We need some stiffer penalties for repeat offenders and for possession and use of handguns. We must provide sufficient prison facilities so there is room to place and keep those who need to be there. We must revise our parole system so that a 10-year sentence means close to 10 years, instead of the two it generally means now. In all of this, we must not forget the public school system and vocational training and retraining programs as a means of prevention.
Edward J. Kasemeyer (D), 37, of 2590 Pfefferkorn Rd., West Friendship, is a real estate broker. He has been president and treasurer of Greater Howard County Chamber of Commerce and Chairman and treasurer of the Democratic Central Committee. He is active in Rotary, the Farm Bureau and coaches youth sports.
Industry. Maryland must continue to maintain an aggressive role in attracting new business to our region. At the same time, we must preserve the type of environment which will enable existing business to be profitable. We must think in terms of the entire Baltimore -- Washington region. Business that locates in either city will help keep our region strong. Jobs are the key to our economic success; not cutting human service budgets. Until our economy improves, I agree that we must extend unemployment benefits. Due to the increased technology in our job market, we must provide training centers to teach the new job skills that are required in today's job market.
Reaganomics: I certainly support the concept of reducing expenses in order to live within our means. However, I feel these cuts have been too severe and too quick. Many people who are affected are the very ones who are least able to make adjustments and develop alternatives. Thriving and progressive societies do not move forward by cutting human services budgets--it is accomplished by expanding the economy and creating jobs. I am somewhat concerned that some segments of our economy may become so depressed that they will not be able to recover in the short term.
Crime: The area of juvenile crime is a major issue facing society. Obviously, to develop programs which would discourage our youth from initially getting involved in criminal activity would be more productive and less costly than building prisons. But in terms of rehabilitation, our youth must realize that society will not continue to forgive repeated acts of theft, vandalism, drug and alcohol abuse, etc. We may have to change our attitude regarding the commission of a violent crime. Youth who commit these types of crimes should be treated as adults, not juveniles. Our court system must be sensitive but firm.