Candidates for state Senate and House of Delegates were asked the following questions by The Washington Post:
Industry: What plans do you have to attract new industry to the state and to help those now unemployed?
Reaganomics: What parts of the Reagan economic program do you support or oppose?
Jean Cryor (R), 43, of 11700 Ambleside Dr., Potomac, was the Mid-Atlantic manager for News Election Service, responsible for a nine-state area, and has headed up political campaigns in Pennsylvania, Ohio and Texas. A former writer and reporter for Philadelphia newspapers, she is active in community and school groups.
Indsutry: In a world of shrinking resources, the effort to recruit new, needed industry to Maryland has to be many- pronged. Enthusiastic support and cooperation is necessary between the General Assembly and the individual county councils to ensure the goal of new industry. The advantages of Maryland, especially those of Montgomery County, must be publicized: our quality schools, our highly educated residents and excellent living conditions. Tax credits for employing the disadvantaged and for the cost of relocation should be made available. Because all citizens of Maryland have a large stake in the state's future, a blue-ribbon commission, made up of the corporate officers of Maryland's largest corporations and organizations, should be formed to advise the state in this recruitment effort. For those residents of Maryland who are unemployed, retraining must be made available using the expertise and resources of both the private and public sector.
Reaganomics: I am opposed to the budget cuts that have fallen heavily on children and single heads of households. The real question for state legislators is how to deal with the "feminization of the poor." Day care, the transfer of AFDC Aid to Families with Dependent Children to the state, the reduction of the number of food stamp recipients are some of the hardest questions to be addressed by the state legislators.
One of the Reagan economic proposals I support is free enterprise zones because of its goals of revitalization and creation of jobs. This proposal allows employers tax credits of 50 percent when the disadvantaged are hired. There is no limit on the number of employes hired or the salaries paid. The employe can be paid the minimum wage while being trained and later have his salary upgraded without the employer losing the percentage of tax credits allowed.
Crime: Crime must be examined at several levels: the reasons, its impact on victims and society, and the crime rate. Most experts agree that a good percentage of crime is drug-related. Stronger enforcement of laws against drug pushers is needed. We must support antidrug programs and rehabilitation centers funded by the public and private sectors. The results of unemployment on crime statistics cannot be ignored and retraining of the unemployed must be examined. The appropriations for the new prison must be backed along with the teaching of marketable skills for both male and female prisoners. We must support the victim restitution bill, for it is with the victims and their families where our sympathies and aid belong. Changes are needed in the excessive plea-bargaining procedures. Maryland's verson of the "Hinckley" defense law must be revised. Sentences should be determined on a case-by-case basis.
Robin Ficker (R), (Incumbent) 39, of 7526 Glennon Dr., West Bethesda, elected to the House of Delegates in 1978, serves on the Constitutional and Administrative Law Committee. An attorney, he attended the United States Military Academy and has been active in bar and civic groups and the Army Reserve.
Industry: Most future jobs will be in computer science, tehcnology and physical science. As one of two state legislators with an engineering degree, I know that in addition to preparing young people for humanitarian occupations, we must educate youth for the bulk of jobs in the want ads -- date processing, programming, technician, energy development, etc. This past legislative session in Annapolis, I introduced the first bill this year establishing urban enterprise zones in the state. It provided for vouchers, incentives, credits and exemptions for businesses locating in areas of high unemployment. They would be rewarded with reduction in workmen's compensation premiums, reduced property assessments, reductions in unemployment insurance fund contributions and tax breaks for hiring. At least 30 percent of the employes would have to be residents of the enterprise zones. A similar bill was signed into law. Knowingly hiring an illegal alien should be a crime. They take American jobs.
Reaganomics: Oppose any part which results, intended or not, in the federal government being replaced as the chief benefactor of state government by Montgomery County taxpayers. Even now Montgomery County gets back only 27 cents of every dollar it sends to the state. That is little enough. Oppose the high-interest-rate policy which has frozen the market on houses and cars. I was one of the few Montgomery County Legislators who opposed allowing the interest rates in Maryland to go up to 24 percent this past session in Annapolis. Money should be available at much lower rates with banks making record profits. With inflation rate less than six percent, interest rates should be less than 10 percent. Support the income tax cuts to give people more money to spend. Government reductions should be through attrition.
Crime: Last year I introduced in the House a drunk driving penalties bill providing at least two days in jail, $350 fine, and license suspension and plate confiscation for 90 days upon conviction. A license plate confiscation law was enacted. The remainder should be passed too. We need: 1) Mandatory prison terms for persons committing crimes with guns. 2) Harsh treatment of drug pushers. 3) Appointment of judges who support public and victims over criminals. 4) Prison educational programs to teach convicts job skills. 5) A guilty-but-mentally-ill law requiring killers to serve remainder of sentences in prison after release from mental hospital. I introduced this bill last year before Hinckley verdict. 6) Any new state prison should be built not in Montgomery County or western Maryland, but near Baltimore City from where a large percentage of criminals come. We need to enforce the laws on the books evenly, fairly and certainly.
Braden Keil (R), 26, of 11540 S. Glen Rd., Potomac, is a commodities broker with Bache Halsey Stuart Shields Inc. A 1977 graduate of Northwestern University who has been involved in politics since high school, he is presently an active member of the Montgomery County Young Republicans.
Industry: 1) Tax credit to corporations which employ persons receiving unemployment beneits. 2) Increase use of tax-exempt industrial revenue bonds. 3) Increase use of international trade delegation, especially those countries wanting to use Baltimore harbor.
Reaganomics: 1) I support his efforts to balance the budget. 2) I support turnback of federal programs to state and local control. 3) I support his efforts to limit tax level at 50 percent of income.
Crime: I have come out in favor of a locally coordinated "know your neighbor" campaign, where in conjunction with the police citizens take an active role in patrolling neighborhood streets.
Jean Roesser (R), 52, of 10830 Fox Hunt La., Potomac, has served as an officer in state and local Republican organizations, and is active in civic groups. One of the founders of the Montgomery County Arts Council, she was a congressional relations assistant for the International Communications Agency.
Industry: Maryland must develop long-range, aggressive plans to address the education, training, transportation, housing, environmental, industrial and government service needs of the 1980s. Then the state will be in a strong position to attract business investment. Tax incentives and favorable loan programs for sound business opportunities are necessary. Small businesses should receive longer-term lending opportunities. However, the real hope for business expansion lies in the lowering of interest rates. With a joint effort on the part of the public and private sectors, workers whose skills are obsolete can be retrained, and the unskilled channeled into the trades demanded by today's economy. Workfare, for those on welfare capable of doing so, should be encouraged. The State of Maryland must sell itself as a good place to live and work. It offers one of the world's finest harbors, the rich resources of the Chesapeake Bay, the mountains, seashore, urban and agricultural areas. The legislature should allocate necessary funds to do the required selling of Maryland.
Reaganomics: I support President Reagan's economic program of budget cutting and tax reduction. The Reagan administration has been successful in curbing inflation. If interest rates can be lowered by the end of the year, an upswing in the economy will reduce unemployment and stimulate business. I would encourage "startups," such as in the housing industry in the form of tax incentives, and support continued mortgage deduction. One of the great challenges of the 1980s will be the administration of federal programs being transferred to the states. Although the transition will present difficulties, in the long run, Maryland will administer these programs more efficiently. However, a real "safety net" must provide basic necessities to the poor and the needy. Adjustments are hard to make, but, given time, the Reagan program will work. What alternative is there, after years of over-reliance on the federal government?
Crime: Legislation should mandate high bail for recidivists and swift trial, sentencing and appeal processes. Adequate funding must be provided for court personnel so that plea bargaining will be based strictly on the aspects of the case and not used just to remove backlog of cases. Funding must be provided for rehabilitation programs for those prisoners who would benefit by them, and for adequate prison facilties for those felons who cannot be rehabilitated, so that they will serve their full sentences and not be released to make room for newly conficted felons. I would work for legislation to protect the privacy and safety of crime victims, including mandatory financial restitution to victims by criminals when possible, including juvenile offenders.
James R. Sobers (R), of 20002 Hobb Hill Way, Gaithersburg. The candidate did not respond to the Washington Post questionnarie.
John C. Webb Jr. (R), 54, of 23701 Eli La., Gaithersburg, has been a farmer, retail merchant, writer, editor, and college professor. He ran unsuccessfully in the GOP primary for governor in 1970 and for County Council in 1966 and 1974. He has been an evaluator of local and national cultural trends for over 25 years.
Industry: To attract new industry to Montgomery County, which is suffering a reduction in economic development and job losses due to mismanagement in the State Department of Transportation. I would place top priority on economic development in this county. Specifically: reduce the cost of new homes; resolve sewage treatment crisis with met methanetechnology being utilized in Hagerstown; lower Federal Reserve high interest rates through state legal action to audit the Federal Reserve; upgrade economic and cultural development at the Montgomery College (Germantown) to attract scientific research and development industries at Harvard-M.I.T. educational complex does in Boston; reverse government apathy to small businesses forced out of shopping centers by out-of-state and foreign ownership of Maryland real estate; upgrade physical work for unemployed such as clearing out fencerows, cutting firewood, etc.
Reaganomics: I support the Reagan program to promote private savings for reinvestment in the American economy, through encouraging IRA retirement funds and through allowing pension funds to finance mortgages. The efforts of President Reagan to slash taxes curb expanding bureaucracy and allow local governments to solve local problems locally, I believe in. This program has curbed inflation. The problems of unemployment in Maryland are the anticipated result of American investment in Europe and Japan ever since the Marshall Plan. The Europeans have become so efficient, they are repaying our investment and generosity by buying up America and Maryland and putting Marylanders out of work. The recent tax increases are to remove the loopholes that have allowed the oil companies to further increase their porfits by increasing the tax load on the middle class, still staggering from inflation in gasoline prices. President Reagan should not desert middle class America: I oppose high interest rates, which Democratic leadership blames on Preident Reagan, obsolving Mr. Paul Volcker who was appointed by President Carter. The Federal Reserve, never audited, should be audited by the General Accounting Office.
Crime: 1) Increase penalties for use of handgun while commiting a crime. 2) Investigate the "laundering" of narcotics funds through banking systems abroad, enabling some to escape scrutiny, while street pushers are prosecuted. 3) Pursue investigation to define cultural relevance of the Ten Commandments and the Constitutional "Blessings of Liberty" to modern psycho-sociological definitions of crime, which helped to absolve President Reagan's assailant, placing blame for crime upon society and victims, absolving perpetrators of moral accountability. 4) Promote "Carroll's sacred trust" Charles Carroll of Carrollton to increase integrity in public office and reduce public distrust of government officials.