Candidates for state Senate and House of Delegates were asked the following questions by The Washington Post:
Industry: What plans do you have to attract new industry to the state and to help those now unemployed?
Reaganomics: What parts of the Reagan economic program do you support or oppose?
Crime: What proposals would you support to address the crime problem?
Gilbert J. Genn (D), 30, of 10401 Grosvenor Pl., Bethesda, practices law with a Rockville firm, and was on the staffs of former senator Brich Bayh and the Maryland code revision commission. He is a member of the Montgomery County Juvenile Court Committee, the local ACLU chapter and the Jewish Community Center. Industry: When our largest private employer, Bethlehem Steel, with its $500 million payroll, operates at less than 63 percent capacity; when our port and shipping facilities are depressed; with unemployment and fear of it resing rapidly, candor compels the realization that if we merely maintain conditions until we can rid ourselves of "Reaganomics" and its sources, we may be more fortunate than most states. We can attract small, "hightech" telecommunication, medical, environmental and alternative energy enterprises with our educated citizenry and federal government proximity. We can be aggressively effective by providing their needed infrastructure in improved transportation, communication, housing, education, cultural and recreational activities. Redevelopment fund and property and income tax credits, state guarantees of low-interest loans, especially to minority firms, state-supported retraining, improved port facilities, and encouragement of industrial retooling should hold or attract industry and reduce unemployment effects. Establishment of a Department of Labor, Employment and Training is critical.
Reaganomics: I oppose defense budgets that seek $1.644 trillion over the next five years-$900 million daily, much for MX, neutron bombs, and even nerve gas overkill. I oppose Reagan's insensitive reductions, eliminations, or attacks on: monthly minimum Social Security benefits; disability insurance; Medicare; Medicaid; food stamps; child nutrition; housing for the disadvantaged; federal retirement and cost-of-living increases; funding for the educationally and vocationally deprived; and, alternative energy programs. I oppose private tuition tax credits that favor the few and increase deficits, while public college loans are slashed. I oppose corporate welfare programs disguised as "tax incentives" just as I oppose that misnomer, "workfare," which discriminates against single-parent families. I oppose Safe Harbor Leasing windfalls; outdated monetary policy that still creates huge deficits with high interest rates; and the claim that supply-side "trickle down" programs will work. All Democrats support eliminating waste, bureaucratic duplication and unnecessary governmental intrusion in private decisions.
Crime: Nothing constitutional and effective will come cheaply or easily. To warehouse inmates, we spend $15,000-$20,000 yearly, sums better used for prevention. To do that, we should fund increased parole staffs for stricter parolee supervision, improved prison conditions to reduce repeat offenders, larger prosecutor and public defender staffs to assure speedier trials, and credits for crime prevention systems.
Other critical, immediate measures are: strict handgun control, registration and safety requirements as with automobiles; reform in sentencing disparity; and victim restitution programs, requiring non-violent offenders to take jobs to pay a portion of their wages to the victim-especially successful for juvenile and first-time offenders, where less than 15 percent are rearrested for new offenses, compared to a state 80 percent recidivist rate. I do not support mandatory sentences for first-time offenders in principle. Furthermore, recent studies on those laws in New York, Massachusetts and Michigan show their utter ineffectiveness.
Marilyn Goldwater (D), (Incumbent) 55, of 5508 Durbin Rd., Bethesda, is a registered nurse who has served in the House of Delegates for the past eight years. She chaired the 1980-81 Women Legislators' Caucus and has received the Maryland Public Health Association's Legislator of the Year award.
Industry: I would work with my legislative colleagues and the staffs of relevant executive departments to develop educational programs to (43)train the work force in emerging new occupations including special efforts in vocational education linked to the current job market and those industries Maryland wishes to attract into the state. I would work for creative public-private efforts, particularly in the area of job training, including the possibility of tax incentives for the cooperating employers. In addition, Governor Hughes' proposal for a new Department of Labor Employment and Job Training needs to be evaluated and studied.
Reaganomics: I support continued efforts at improving the cooperation between the public and private sectors. I favor reexamination of programs to determine in a rational manner which level of government can best administer these programs humanely, fairly and cost effectively. I oppose the deleterious impact of decreased federal funding on state programs, particularly with insufficient lead times for the state to prioritize, plan and implement programs handed off from federal control. I am particularly concerned regarding the trend towards higher defense spending at the expense of programs for human services such as support for elderly and medically needy.
Crime: I support plans for increased prison construction to permit adequate sentencing as well as reducing unwarranted parole and probation. We need to seriously evaluate current laws regarding the insanity defense plea in an effort to find a more equitable solution to this problem. We need to overhaul the justice system so that first offenders are protected while at the same time ensuring stiffer penalties for hard-core offenders. We need sensible, cost-effective programs to reduce recidivism for those who can be rehabilitated.
Nancy K. Kopp (D), (Incumbent) 38, of 6301 Dahlonega Rd., Bethesda, was elected in 1974 and again in 1978. She is on the Appropriations Committee. A political scientist and a former congressional staff member, she is in the 1981-82 edition of Who's Who in American Pllitics and the World Who's Who of Women.
Industry: To attract new industry, encourage industry already in Maryland, and ease unemployment, we need a range of coordinated actions, including: 1)reevaluate existing programs, to assure coordination and efficiency, reducing unnecessary red tape that discourages industry. 2) Reexamine taxes (including possible tax incentives) to assure fairness, competitiveness with other states. 3) Stimulate economy where feasible-use a portion of state pension fund to encourage building construction through a mortgage purchase program. 4) Strengthen education and training programs, to assure industry of sufficient trained labor especially forhigh technology industry we seek and to retrain the unemployed whose present skills are becoming obsolete. Seek private sector cooperation in each are e.g., industry can help identify needed skills, assist in training.
Reaganomics: I support the goal of objectively reexamining public programs, evaluating which level of government can perform them most effectively. I also support reexamination of tax laws, to eliminate unfair loopholes and inequities. I strongly oppose the way the economic program has been constructed and administered, leading to destructive, inequitable results, including a radical increase in bankruptcies, the highest unemployment rate since the Great Depression, and wasteful spending within the defense program. The Reagan economic program is projected to result in cutting discretionary domestic program by up to 75 percent creating both human suffering and inequities among the states, and particularly penalizing states such as Maryland, which strive to provide decent health, education and other needed services.
Crime: Accelerate prison construction and up-grade prison staff and programs. Judges then should avoid sentencing inappropriately to probation or minimum security because of fear of inadequate prisons space and programs. At the same time, improve cost-effective alternative programs, such as Montgomery County's model detention center. Intensively supervised probation, and community service, for offenders who are not sentenced to prison. Provide resources to assure swift trials and swift sentencing, and encourage the sentencing guidelines program, which is resulting in more consistent sentences for crimes, regardless of where they are committed or who the judge is. We should also encourage programs to prevent crime, neighborhood crime prevention programs, reporting suspected drunk drivers, antishoplifting and antiarson campaigns, etc. Beef up victim assistance and restituteion programs.
Abbe David Lowell (D), 30, of 6676 Hillandale Rd., Chevy Chase, is an attorney who served as a special assistant to the attorney general during the Carter administration. He is a former assistant U.S. Attorney and has worked on numerous political campaigns, including the Sarbanes Senate campaign.
Industry: With its real estate, proximity to Washington, outstanding recreation and tradition of good education, Maryland should be second to no state in its ability to attract new domestic and foreign business. I support the following program: 1) Create a good business climate: enact tax incentives to locate or expand here; provide low interest loans for construction and expansion; provide on-the-job and other subsidized training through state university. 2) Target foreign businesses: providing above incentives; better use of contacte Marylanders have from government service; better publicity of Maryland's assets abroad. 3) Establish a tristate economic development agency: develop metropolitan area on "common market" model; coordination to prevent waste and uuplication "shopping centers too close together); cooperate with D.C. on Baltimore-Washington corridor. 3) Sales tax holiday: sales tax is lifted one or two days on Maryland sales to encourage sagging economy.
Reaganomics: Reaganomics is a fraud. We always knew that we could stop inflation by creating a recession. The president promised a better approach, which has never materialized. He still offers the same Hobson's choice of high inflation or high unemployment. Moreover, supply-side economics, which by definition is geared to the wealthy, has helped no one but the wealthy. There is ample proof of its failures: near 10 percent unemployment, continued high interest rates, and a record budget deficit. Finally, New Federalism is like the pea in the nutshell con game. Under the guise of getting government off peoples' backs, the president wants to transfer dozens of programs to the states under a formula which all but guarantees too little revenue to run them. The states will have to choose between cutting essential programs or raising taxes, while the president claims to be "blameless" for the results.
Crime: The comprehensive package I have proposed includes: 1) Abolition of Parole: Current sentencing creates a revolving door. Instead of parole, which was based on rehabilitation in prison, which is wrong, we should have more certain, realistic sentences where criminal serves what he is given minus only a reduction for "good time." 2) Jails: The prisons are already overcrowded. With increased efforts against guns, drunk driving and other crimes, the truth is simple, we need more jail space. 3) Career Criminals: Some 20 percent of criminals commit 60 percent of the crime. Each state's attorney's office should have a well-trained career criminal unit and each office should be linked so that repeat offenders do not slip through the cracks. 4) Gun Control: We need mandatory sentences for illegal gun possession and commission of any crime with a gun. We must ban sales of "Saturday-night specials," Teflon and hollow-nosed bullets. 5) Drunk Driving: We need mandatory confiscation of licenses for repeat offenders and clearer authority for police to test for drugs in impaired drivers.
Stephen M. Nassau (D), 42, of 7415 Nevis Rd., Bethesda, is a practicing attorney and former associate general counsel for the National Educational Association. He teaches law at George Washington University and the University of Maryland and is active in consumer and civic affairs.
Industry: New industry can be attracted to Maryland by fostering a favorable climate for businesses and their employees. Improved public school and higher education systems as well as the providing of financing assistance for home purchases by relocating employes would help to create such a climate. A labor pool for industry should be created by retraining programs for unemployed workers. Industrial parks with adequate support facilities should be established. The state should embark on promotional campaigns explaining Maryland's unique benefits as a business location and encouraging tourism. Retraining programs will help the unemployed to find jobs in industries where demand for workers exists. The state should not just provide money to unemployed workers; to the extent private inudstry is unable to do so, it should provide unemployed workers with jobs doing work of a type which will simultaneously provide a benefit to the people of the state.
Reaganomics: I oppose the Reagan administration's decision to cut the budget in areas of worthwhile social programs, while at the same time refusing to cut back on defense spending. While I support the administration's verbalized desire to reduce the size of the federal deficit, I oppose its actual practice of creating some of the largest deficits ever. Given the level of expenditures, last year's tax reduction was far too great. I oppose the "new federalism" concept of shifting programs to the state level without a transfer of adequate funds.
Crime: We should improve our police and judicial systems in a manner which will assure the speedy arrest and trial of perpetrators of crimes. Sentencing review procedures should be instituted to ensure more uniformity of sentences. The desirability of introducing an option of a "guilty by reason of insanity" verdict should be studied. Neighborhood watch programs should be fostered by government and tax incentives should be granted for the installation of burglar alarms and other crime-prevention devices.