Candidates for state Senate and House of Delegates were asked the following questions by The Washington Post:
Industry: What plans do you have to attract new industry to the state and to help those now unemployed?
Reaganomics: What parts of the Reagan economic program do you support or oppose?
Stephen Hotsko (D), 66, of 1608 Myrtle Rd., Silver Spring, is a retired federal employe. He is a member of the Kensington fire board, Montgomery County Taxpayers League Inc. and Forest Govve Citizens Association.
Industry: Attraction of new industry in the state is in the state's economic program. However, only token activity has been implemented to produce results. This activity should be expanded, and an aggressive program instituted. Attraction of new industry can to a degree alleviate the unemployment problem. But I don't think trips to China by the governor are an answer.
Reaganomics: I support the tax reductions. I support the program which catches the "cheaters" and those not entitled to "benefits, social or otherwise" that cause much of our tax burden today. I support the premise that "abled bodied recipients of social welfare should be compelled to work." I believe in the elimination of useless government programs which are "outmoded, ineffective" and otherwise a dole. The taxpayers can no longer afford this extravagance.
Crime: Eliminate the "appeals" process to permit appeals in only certain types of cases. The present system only increases the income of attorneys. Chief Justice Burger of the U.S. Supreme Court spoke of this problem, and I agree with the solutions offered. Require "mandatory" prison terms for serious crimes. Enforce "jail" sentences. Stop the program which lets criminals run loose (after a short confinement) in which they are caught committing the same crime for which they served a sentence. The "rehabilitation programs" in Maryalnd are a farce and a loophole to avoid serving time. Maryland's "insanity" law should be revamped to provide "insane, but guilty" and serve a sentence, not the "Hinckley" fiasco.
John A. Hurson (D), 28, of 10732 Lester St., Silver Spring, a lawyer, is a member of the Montgomery County Juvenile Justice Commission and advisory board for Montgomery House. He was a member of the County Council redistricting commission.
Industry: The state should encourage, through tax incentives, retraining for unemployed persons who lack the necessary skills to obtain employment with developing high-technology industries. By offering skilled manpower, adequate public facilities through capital improvements and fringe benefits of quality public education, recreation and cultural opportunities, Maryland can attract the developing technological industries needed today to provide a healthy state economy.
Reaganomics: I oppose all Reagan economic policies associated with supply side, trickle down programs which give large tax breaks to corporations that do not need them. I oppose the unparalleled deficits caused by wasteful defens spending. I do support efforts to provide increased work incentives through tax reforms.
Crime: Increasing crime is a many faceted problem which requires a comprehensive approach, not patchwork fixes. I propose an expedited trial calendar for serious felonies as determined by enforcement authorities in accordance with judicially prescribed guidelines.
Helen L. Koss (D), (Incumbent) 60, of 3415 Highview Ct., Silver Spring, has been a member of the state House of Delegates since 1971. She has been president of the Maryland League of Women Voters and a delegate to the Maryland Constitutional Convention in 1967 and 1968.
Industry: To attract industry and expand employemnt opportunities, Maryland must provide facilities and services considered important by new industry, including education, housing supply and a balanced transportation system; provide a pool of qualified employes; assist industry to take advantage of new production techniques and both product and marketing opportunities; and be alert to need for a fair and balanced tax structure. To achieve this goal, we should encourage educational institutions to train and educate for a realistic job market; assist business and industry to retool and upgrade capital equipment; improve status of Chesapeake Bay to realize its potential for commercial fishing and as an unsurpassed recreational area and tourism magnet; continue upgrading the Port of Baltimore; carefully monitor rule-making authority to remove unnecessary barriers to or restrictions on the private sector; assist the unemployed financially; and offer opportunities for retraining to take advantage of different career potentials.
Reaganomics: As a state legislator, my role is to participate in determining Maryland's response to potential adverse impact of national economic program on Maryland. As state officials, we cannot determine the imposition of federal programs, nor the implementation of federal economic policy. As legislators we will be faced with program cuts in human services and strong pressures for the state to "take up the slack." We cannot let these vital services be discontinued, and we must protect that part of our population which is most vulnerable. Our task will be to balance competing intersts and to set priorities for the wisest use of our state dollars.
Crime: We must make sure that the deterrent component of our criminal justice system is given added importance. We must ensure adequate support services for prosecutorial and court systems to provide adequate trial preparation, timely trials, appropriate presentence investigations; provide adequate prison space so that sentencing and parole are not affected by prison shortages; strengthen and fine tune our inmate classification procedure for more appropriate institutional assignments; and concentrate rehabilitative services on those most likely to benefit.
Donald B. Robertson (D), (Incumbent) 50, of 7003 Delaware St., Chevy Chase, a lawyer, has been a member of the state House of Delegates since 1971 and the House majority leader since 1979. He previously was vice chairman of Chevy Chase Section III government.
Industry: New industry can be attracted to Maryland and employemnt opportunities created by: 1)maintaining a modern transportation system and other support facilities and services necessary to business; 2) exercising government regulation prudently to ensure that it balances competing objectives, is reasonable, is necessary to accomplish its objectives and will not erect unnecessary barriers to business; 3) monitoring our tax structure to ensure that it does not become an impediment to economic development; 4) continuing to emphasize tourism; 5) developing the Port of Baltimore to its full potential; 6) maximizing the imaginative use of Maryland resources, including the Chesapeake Bay; and 7) assisting industries in shifting to modern plant and equipment. Those currently unemployed should be assisted by the provision of emergency assistance, retraining for jobs that actually exist and strengthening communications networks to mesh applicants with jobs.
Reaganomics: The relevant question for the Maryland legislature is not whether it supports or opposes federal budget and tax actions, over which we have little or no control, but how it will respond to reduce any adverse impact of these actions upon the citizens of the state. The provision of extended unemployment benefits at the recent special session is an example of the kind of reaction Maryland will be called upon to make. In most cases, it is still too early (August) to predict precisely what the various impacts will be or to determine what responses are appropriate. In general, I believe we must maximize the use of Maryland resources to maintain social and other programs that provide valuable, and in some cases essential services to Maryland citizens. Many interests will be competing for limited fiscal resources, and it will be necessary to strike an appropriate balance.
Crime: The most important factor in reducing crime is to place a greater emphasis on deterrence. More consistent and certain sentencing would contribute greatly. We must provide prison space sufficient to ensure that neither sentencing nor parole is affected adversely by the absence of adequate facilities. In addition, we should improve our classification system to ensure that convicts are assigned to the appropriate facility and that rehabilitative services are focused on those most susceptible to a productive return to society.
Patricia R. Sher (D), (Incumbent) 51, of 1916 Rookwood Rd., Silver Spring, a member of the House of Delegates since 1978, serves on committees and task forces for economics, insurance, corrections, and hospital regulations. She was a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1980 and has served on the Maryland State Drug Abuse Commission.
Industry: It is essential that Maryland continue its recent massive efforts to sell Maryland; to evaluate laws regulating business so we remain competitive; to periodically review tax structure for possible impediments to business and industry: to provide and maintain a transportation network combining airmail, road and harbor facilities, and to maintain our natural resources for our health and safety and to attract tourists. We must begin to pool the resources of government and the private sector creatively to provide adequate job training and substantial vocational education programs. We should provide emergency assistance for the unemployed and make every effort to inform them of all services available.
Reaganomics: As state legislators we can only react to the as yet unknown effects of federal budget cuts and tax reforms on the citizens of Maryland. We must continue to provide basic services for human needs and, certainly, be creative in finding funds. The choices will be difficult.
Crime: It is time for the state to enunciate and fund a comprehensive criminal justice program that does the following: 1)provides speedy trials for persons charged with crimes of violence; 2) limits bail bonds when the accused is a repeat offender; 3) mandates a guide line system of punishment of convicted criminals; 4) provides a significantly larger and more effective parole and probation program; 5) provides necessary and adequate prisons so lack of space will not be the reason dangerous people are on the streets, and 6) expands training opportunities through expanded vocational programs (state-use industries) that have been badly neglected. This also offers opportunities for the profits to be used to offset budget contributions.