Candidates for state Senate and House of Delegates were asked the following questions by The Washington Post:
Industry: What plans do you have to attract new industry to the state and to help those now unemployed?
Reaganomics: What parts of the Reagan economic program do you support or oppose?
Idamae T. Garrott (D), (Incumbent) 65, of 13115 Estelle Rd., Wheaton, has been a member of the state House of Delegates since 1979. Previously, Garrott was a member of the Montgomery County Council from 1966 to 1974, president of county League of Women Voters and county Humane Society.
Industry: With Maryland's unemployment at a record high, creation of jobs and economic development are top priorities of mine. At the last session of the legislature, I voted for legislation creating an enterprise zone program. This program gives tax incentives and financial assistance to encourage business growth in economically distressed areas to generate jobs. I will support tax provisions and making additional working capital available at reasonable interst rates to encourage business throughout the state. I will work for legislation to improve job training and placement, looking particularly into the problems of young people. We need a business relocation bill to give ample notice of proposed relocations so the Department of Economic and Community Development can work to keep firms in Maryland. Although the problem of unemployment, business failure and lack of business expansion stems from the national high interest policy, we must work energetically to help Maryland workers and businesses.
Reaganomics: I believe the Reagan economic program is unworkable, and components of it are incompatible with each other. High interest rates are incompatible with business expansion. I oppose the present high interest rates and certain of the 1981 tax cuts, which I think were tilted towards the wealthy and some corporate interests. I am dismayed by many of the federal budget cuts, many of which harm the working poor, children and youth, senior citizens, the handicapped and other important groups. I am opposed to some of the president's proposed New Federalism transfers, particularly since sufficient federal revenue sources will not be given back to the states.
Crime: We must work for more uniform sentencing, correct parole abuses, supervise probation adequate restitution by criminals to victime, promote more effective job training in our prison so prisoners can become moreproductive members of society after release and provide more careful reentry of criminals into the community so they will not become repeaters.
Lucille Maurer (D), (Incumbent) 59, of 1023 Forest Glen Rd., Silver Spring, has been a member of the state House of Delegates since 1969. Previously, Maurer was a delegate to the state Constitutional Convention in 1967 and 1968, a member of the county Board of Education and a trustee of Montgomery Community College.
Industry: State economic development efforts have resulted in thousands of new jobs. The component parts of a comprehensive development program are in place: public-private cooperation, employment training, financing programs, involvement of the university and its research capabilities and aggressive promotion. These efforts should be modified as needed and intensified. New jobs, however, cannot make up for all the losses due to the decline in manufacturing industries (steel, auto) and for the extensive unemployment due to the slumping economy in otherwise stable or strong sectors (housing, construction, service). The state should adjust training programs to teach higher skills to production line workers. The state should, without undermining the competitive bidding process, ensure that Marylanders work on state-funded road and bridge repair projects. To stimulate the housing industry and help meet housing needs, the state should expand housing financing programs already in existence and exploe any additional options.
Reaganomics: The issue at the state level is not what we agree or disagree with in the Reagan economic program but how we deal with the impact of the program on the state and Marylanders. In addition to all other efforts, I believe we need a focal point in state government to track and guage the impact of federal economic, monetary and fiscal policies on the Maryland economy so that option can be considered and assessed on an overall basis. At least for the next few years, the Maryland Council of Economic Advisers should be revived to help Maryland respond on a timely basis to the very serious problems with which we are faced.
Crime: I support monitoring the administration of the courts to ensure an efficient court system and prompt criminal trials; consideration of arbitration in some civil disputes in order to unclog court dockets; reviewing the insanity plea, especially the burden of proof requirements; consideration of the results of the uniform sentencing guidelines project; providing needed prisons; improving the caliber and training of corrections personnel; tightening parole and probation standards; and providing additional victim assistance.
Joseph E. Owens (D), (Incumbent) 64, of 13619 Grenoble Dr., Rockville, a lawyer, has been a member of the state House of Delegates since 1971, president of the Wheaton Woods Citizens Association and a member of the county Criminal Justice Commission.
Industry: One of the first requirements is to create an atmosphere that shows we want new business and industries to come to the state. We must avoid inviting them in and then enacting legislation that puts undue burdens on them. Gov. Hughes has been very aggressive in this area and has set up offices both in the states and overseas to inform prospective businesses of the advantages of locating in Maryland. Cooperation with the local governments is essential, as many of the factors in the selection of sites are under control of the counties, i.e., zoning, property taxes, availability of schools and other facilities. Tax incentives are an important tool in attracting new businesses and should be judicially used. We should retrain some of our unemployed in the skills needed to provide an adequate labor pool for prospective new businesses. This would indicate our desire to help and cooperate with business and help some of our unemployed.
Reaganomics: The Maryland Legislature can only react to the Reagan program, not influence it. The idea of a balanced budget with reduced taxes is attractive but not if it means that all programs are to be shifted to the states without the providing of accompanying resources. At this time it is impossible to tell the total impact on Maryland of the Reagan economic program, but we do know that some of the programs will be shifted to the states. The legislature and executive will have to reevaluate each of the programs to determine their need, their relationship with other federal programs and present state programs and the possibility of consolidation. Constant oversight and review must be instituted to ensure maximum effectiveness and minimum waste. It may be necessary to eliminate some programs rather than trying to curtail all programs in order to best utilize our resources.
Crime: Our first priority should be the building of additional bed space in the adult prison system and providing a secure facility for juvenile offenders. The no-build policy, which has only recently been abandoned, has had an extremely adverse effect on the whole criminal justice system. We had reached a point where the availability of space had become a eky factor in deciding both sentences and parole. This resulted in offenders not being confined who need it and prisoners being prematurely released before they were ready to reenter society. This weakened support and confidence on the part of the public in the system. The lack of a secure Juvenile facility has caused many delinquents who needed some type of restriction being either waived to the adult system or released in the community when much better results could have attained in a secure juvenile setting. I also support continuance of the pilot sentencing guidelines project now being tested in several counties and Baltimore city to determine whether it should be adopted throughout the state.
Carol S. Petzold (D), 45, of 14113 Chadwick La., Rickville, is Parkland Community School coordinator. Previously, she was legislative assistant to the county school board, an aide to members of the General Assembly and a teacher. She has been active in local community, Democratic and religious organizations.
Industry: To attract new industry to Maryland, the legislature must carefully scrutinize proposals for new and existing laws for their impact on business. The legislature's responsibility is to protect citizens; yet it also must develop a desirable business climate to provide employment and protect the state's economy. We must cooperate with private industry to train the unemployed for existing, specific job openings on the job site, as well as utilizing the facilities of community colleges. We must recognize the problems of both the unskilled worker and the educated employed who must receive training for a second career where there are employment opportunities.
Reaganomics: The timing of even the good ideas in Reagan's economic program has caused a detrimental effect. Accelerated depreciation to stimulate new investment in industry should have had a positive effect in creating new jobs and promoting "reindustrialization" to make U.S. industry more competitive worldwide, but we are still saiting. New Federalism may save money in the federal budget by shifting costs to the states. However, it will cause hardships on those people least able to cope. Reaganomics creates new wounds, and New Federalism takes away the bandages:
Crime: To address the crime problem, I support stemming the tide at its origin by supporting preventive measures for juveniles at risk. That includes supporting the budget of juvenile services administration and related programs. Providing counseling for juveniles and their parents early in the cycle is essential. I support foster care where necessary. Providing such support services may seem costly at this point, but it is cost effective inthe long run. We must also address the logjam within the courts to provide speedy trials and reassess the reasons that cause the individual to become a multiple offender. Unemployment is a contributing cause. More effective administration is more essential than most new laws that might be proposed.