Candidates for state Senate and House of Delegates were asked the following questions by The Washington Post:
Industry: What plans do you have to attract new industry to the state and to help those now unemployed?
Reaganomics: What parts of the Reagan economic program do you support or oppose?
Amend: Should the state amend its constitution to limit taxes or spending?
Crime: What proposals would you support to address the crime problem?
Claire R. Bigelow (D), 54, of 4305 Tuckerman St., University Park, is a community activist, with a background in social work and health education. She is president of the county's chapter of ACLU, a founding member and president of Women's Political Caucuses in this area and helped establish a model rape crisis center.
Industry: I will urge that the state take positive action to make selected communities more attractive to appropriate commercial enterprises. In selecting a location for a new facility, business leaders look for minimum transportation cost with maximum service; a plentiful supply of dependable, well qualified labor; an attractive plant site at a reasonable cost; pleasant, affordable residential communities with strong schools; and a healthy tax structure. The state should take the lead in a vigorous effort to create fruitful public-private sector partnerships, utilizing the state's academic and technical resources to the fullest possible extent. With a concerted effort, for example, central Maryland can closely rival eastern Massachusetts and California's "Silicon Valley" as a center for "high-tech" activities.
Reaganomics: I vehemently disagree with Reaganomics. The current 9.8 percent unemployment rate, the large federal deficit and continuing high interest rates all attest to the failure of supply side economics. Ill- considered tax cuts have helped perpetuate this situation, fattening the pocket books of the already wealthy but not trickling down to the average working family; and the business sector has not expanded as had been predicted. I oppose the "medicare for Medicaid" swap proposed by the president. It would create a situation in which the poor would seek out states with relatively generous welfare plans. I do agree that the private sector should take more responsibility for civic improvements, job training, etc. However, I do not believe that the private sector and the state can completely take over such federal programs as school lunches, meals on wheels and food stamps. Without a basic federal role, there is no safety net.
Amend: No. Legislators are hampered by enough time, money and political constraints already. They must have enough flexibility to raise revenues when needed or to spend money when required. For instance, the state of Maryland in August had to extend unemployment benefits for 11,000 out-of-work Marylanders. With a spending cap, the legislators' hands would have been tied. Such a cap could result in a similar situation to that which occurred under the TRIM amendment in Prince George's County, funds could not be budgeted for necessary educational programs, including retention of teachers.
Crime: To bring about a long-term reduction in crime, we must identify and modify environments that product large numbers of offenders. I would emphasize aid to education and to troubled families. (Limiting the educational opportunities available in poor areas is a classic example of false economy that will surely increase the incidence and total cost of crime). I would support a plan to identify hardcore-violetn criminals and keep them separate from young offenders. We must provide separate facilities for career criminals and ensure they are not released because of crowding. To substantially reduce the number of repeat arrests, society must prepare juvenile and first-time offenders for useful and constructive lifes. The state could take the lead and enlist the help of the private sector in identifying occupations for these inmates and creating relevant training opportunities. Financial restitution to victims could be made a condition for early release.
John d'Eustachio (D), 38, of 7213 15th Ave., Takoma Park, is a math teacher at Northwestern Senior High School. He has been a member of the Prince George's County Human Relations Commission for five years. He also is active in civic groups and works extensively with youth.
Industry: Maryland needs to pursue an aggressive policy of attracting new industry through tax and other incentives. I support and would work for careful implementation of the enterprise zone legislation passed in the 1982 legislative session. The development of clean, labor-intensive industry, coupled with retraining and placement programs, would be a start in dealing with the problems of unemployment. But in order to encourage new industry and to expand existing firms, we must bring down high interest rates. This is an area in which the state is, to a great extent, dependent on federal policy.
Reaganomics: I support a balanced budget, but I oppose this administration's attempts, in the face of the largest budget deficit in our nation's history, to impose an amendment to limit to the Constitution requiring one at some undefined point in the future. This budget amendment would do nothing for our current situation and detracts from the immediate problems of a high deficit and high interest rates.
Amend: The state Constitution should address general policy, not specific issues. The uncertainty of the dollar and current inflation make it impossible to design an amendment to limit taxes on spending that would have lasting value. This is an issue that should be handled by responsible legislation, not constitutional amendments.
Crime: The crime problem must be addressed on the streets, in the courts and inthe prisons. We need to increase our police force, put emphasis on our neighborhood watch programs and increase cooperation between communities and law enforcement agencies. We must examine our criminal court system in order to implement more consistent sentencing criteria. We must make provision for more adequate prison space and additional prison personnel. And, finally, we must enforce stricter conditions for parole and early-release programs.
Barbara A. Frush (D), 37, of 3019 Chapel View Dr., Beltsville, has been a staff assistant in Congress, for the Democratic National Convention and for the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union. She is active in presidential and congressional election campaigns, as well as in community groups.
Industry: I think we can attract new industry by strengthening our educational system with meaningful career preparation, emphasizing technical and industrial training. I believe we can make the University of Maryland an even greater institution that will attract the high-tech industry by appropriating funds for these purposes.
Reaganomics: I feel the Reagan policies have been a disaster. They have strangled the economy with high interest rates, high budget deficits and the biggest unemployment rate in 40 years. What we need is to put the purchasing power in the hands of the ordinary citizen, not the already high-paid executives as Reagan proposes.
Amend: It might be a good idea someday, but totally impractical right now, when the Reagan administration is creating tens of thousands of new problems for state and local government while at the same time cutting back on aid to education and support for medical services. The money will have to come from somewhere. We will not be able to put a good tight control on taxes or spending until we can change the policies of the federal government.
Crime: This is by far one of the most serious problems facing the citizens of the 21st District. I feel that the greatest deterrent to crime is having a strong likelihood that the criminal will be caught and severly punished. What we need is more police, better trained and better equipped, plus mandatory jail sentences for violent crimes.
John A. Giannetti (D), 42, of 6300 Pontiac St., Berwyn Heights, is an architectural sculptor and businessman involved in historic preservation projects. He served two terms as a town councilman and is a member of the Democratic State Central Committee. He also is active in numerous civic groups.
Industry: Legislation must be developed to further encourage businesses to locate in Maryland by promoting the state as a place with a favorable business climate. We must provide and maintain that climate through the use of business tax incentives. An example would be the support of legislation to develop tourism in the state of Maryland. As a neighbor to the nation's capital, and with our ocean beaches, the Chesapeake Bay and our innumerable historic resources and our mountains, Maryland could become one of the most attractive tourist locations in the East, resulting in increased revenues for the state and increased employment opportunities for its citizens. This could be done without a dramatic increase in our existing public facilities. We also need to develop programs to train the unemployed in new and different job skills.
Reaganomics: Ronald Reagan rolled a Trojan Horse before the American people, and they accepted it. At the beginning, it seemed like what our country needed, a cutback in federal spending, but we are continuing to have the highest deficits in history. Reagan said he was going to increase military spending, yet bring inflation under control and balance the federal budget. Now, the American people are feeling the real effects of Reaganomics: continuing, record high federal deficits, continuing high interest rates, small businesses suffering or going bankrupt, record high unemployment, continuing high inflation. Reagan's cutbacks in federal funds for human services and education could cause great hardship for the citizens of the state of Maryland.
Amend: No. As a taxpayer, I dislike high taxes as much as anybody. However, government services for public safety, health and education require funds. Government officials elected to manage government must be allowed the funds necessary to provide the services our citizens need. Limiting taxes and spending, especially in these inflationary times, causes a decline in public services, such as education, roads, park lands, health services, etc., and thereby makes a less desirable environment for attracting new businesses and tourists to the state.
Crime: I would support legislation that deals severly with criminals guilty of violent crimes and drunken driving. I would support judicial systems which administer stiff penalties and mandatory sentences to criminals. I would support mandatory restitution to victims of crimes and violence, including victims of drunken drivers. I would support legislation to make it plain to criminals and to drunken drivers that their actions will be met with swift and certain justice. We must stop the "early release" program, i.e. releasing prisoners for lack of space. We must expand our prison system.
Bernard P. Horn (D), 26, of 6723 44th Ave., University Park, a lawyer, is president of the county's New Democratic Alliance. Last year, he was chairman of the coalition for an alternative Metro Plan. In 1980, he organized the Maryland Tenants Coalition to bring reform of the state's landlord-tenant laws.
Industry: Attracting new industry to Maryland and reducing unemployment is certainly a critical goal. Thousands of Marylanders have lost their jobs since the advent of Reaganomics. Unfortunately, the major causes of unemployment, such as high interest rates, are beyond the control of state legislatures. What the legislature can do, however, is to ensure that problems which have traditionally aided the unemployed such as job training and youth employment, are continued despite the Republican cutbacks. On the local level, I believe that an important element in attracting new industry is the maintenance of vital services. Businesses want to locate where roads, lighting, sanitation, police and fire services are good. In addition, business executives will consider local public schools, recreational facilities and social services in determining the best place to locate. Who wants to move to Prince George's County after the school system is dismantled.
Reaganomics: By any objective standard, Reaganomics has proven to be a serious failure. Unemployment is a national tragedy. High interest rates preclude business expansion and consumer purchasing. Small businesses are going bankrupt at a record pace. And despite his rhetoric, Ronald Reagan has established himself as the all-time champion of deficit spending. I believe that supply-side "trickel down" economics is a cruel hoax. The tax cut is nothing more than welfare for the rich: direct subsidies to healthy industries and wealthy individuals. The budgetary priorities are completely inequitable. Low and middle income persons are denied the basic necessities of food, shelter, education and legal assistance, while businesses receive lucrative defense contracts and price supports. The most savage policy of all, however, is to deny senior citizens benefits due them after they have devoted a lifetime to pyaing taxes.
Amend: Maryland already has a state constitutional requirement for a balanced budget. This provision is very strict and, as a result, Maryland is in a very good financial situation. In fact, our state enjoys teh highest bond rating possible. I do not believe that further constitutional amendments are necessary or desirable. However, I believe that we must reform the Maryland tax code to make it more equitable for low and middle income taxpayers. Last year, the Republicans in Congress pushed through a bill which provided new loopholes for the wealthy. Under Maryland law, such federal tax revisions are automatically inserted into the state tax code. As a result, our state government is facing a severe shortfall in revenue. For example, the business of education for accelerated depreciation will cost Maryland more than $400 million during the next four years. I will fight to remove these loopholes so that everyone pays their fair share.
Crime: 1)Strong commitment to juvenile rehabilitation. Ninety percent of all adult felons first appeared in juvenile courts. If only a small fraction of those would-be felons were successfully reformed as juveniles, our tax dollars would be well invested. Restitution to crime victims is an effective instrument for juvenile rehabilitation. 2) Mandatory sentencing for illegal possession of handguns. In 1980, 22 more persons were murdered by handguns in Prince George's County than in all of Great Britain. This shocking statistic is due to the ready availability of handguns in Maryland. One year afrer Massachusetts enacted mandatory sentencing, handgun homicides declined 56 percent and armed robberies dropped 35 percent. 3) Parole reform. A system that was intended to reward rehabilitated prisoners is being used as an escape valve for prison overcrowding. The parole of dangerous criminals is an irresponsible response to a severe problem. The parole system needs to be carefully scrutinized and improved.
Karen Kuker-Kihl (D), 33, of 4808 Erskine Road, College Park, is a special education teacher at Magnolia Elementary School who has been an education lobbyist and has held office in various teachers associations. She is active in women's professional groups land has been a delegate to the Democratic National Convention.
Industry: Unemployment must be attacked on two fronts: helping the unemployed and increasing job opportunities by expanded economic development. Maryland must continue tax incentives for new industries, the use of foreign trade zones and the expanded use of Baltimore Harbor. We also must protect Maryland's existing industries by fighting federal cuts in contracts that have caused the closing, or near closing, of many factories and businesses. Training and/or retraining in new job skills is mandatory. Programs can be jointly sponsored by government, industry and labor unions. Tax incentives can encourage industries to establish apprenticeships or training projects. Maryland also must fight federal cust which have caused individuals to give up jobs to save their Medicaid, food stamps or Aid to Dependent Children; a decrease in unemployment or inflation. We are in the deepest recession since the Depression and have the highest national deficit in history. Tax incentives and credits have benefited the rich and hurt the average poor. We have been severly trickled down upon. All "people programs" have been cut more than 25 percent. Education cuts in Prince George's County alone will reach $9 million. Maryland faces a serious funding crisis because of federal revenue cuts in education, health, transportation and social program under New Federalism. The legislature will have to labor long and hard to protect basic services to all of us and especially to children, the handicapped, senior citizens and the poor. As far as I am concerned, Ronald Reagan's two-year report card shows straight F's.
Amend: No. Maryland's Constitution already requires a balanced budget. Such "limits" are unnecessary if legislators are elected who are effective managers, who will careuflly evaluate and adopt a budget that meets all of Maryland's needs. Limiting taxes and spending is an artificial means of managing our bedget without care or consideration for "people programs." As a homeowner, I am fully aware of the burden of taxes. However, I am unwilling to sacrifice Maryland's public services, especially in the areas of public safety, education, health and transportation. If in these times of high inflation, severe federal funding cutbacks and poor economic growth, a "limit" is adopted in Maryland, we must accept the responsibility for denying Marylanders essential public services. I am unwilling to limit services when good management and hard decisions can produce the same effect as a constitutional "limit."
Crime: Crime is the No. 1 problem in the 21st District. I support a return to the "law and order" philosophy which is fair but doesn't favor the criminal over the victim. Specifically, I would support the following: 1) Stiffer penalties for violent crimes, crimes committed with weapons, repeat offenders, juvenile offenders and drunken driving. 2) Mandatory restitution for victims. 3) Handgun control. 4) Stricter and more uniform sentencing of criminals (already under study in Prince George's County). 5) Appropriations of funds to build jails. Criminals should nto be released early, put on probation or given less stringent sentences because of insufficient housing for juveniles and adult offenders. 6) Evaluation of our rehabilitation services for efficiency and effectiveness. Rehabilitation is a necessary element of a good criminal justice system but should not be interpreted as appropriate for all criminals. 7) Decrease the number of paroled offenders assigned to each parole officer so they can do their job.
Timothy F. Maloney (D), (Incumbent) 26, of 11232 Cherry Hill Rd., Beltsville, has been a member of the House of Delegates since 1979. He serves on the Appropriations and Corrections committees and the law enforcement budget subcommittee. He holds a law degree and is active in community groups.
Industry: Our emergency session recently extended unemployment benefits cut off by the Reagan administration. Future efforts must include retraining workers for high-tech jobs to be created in the 1980's and the 1990's. Industry must be attracted to our area only be revitalizing inner-Beltway similar to Baltimore Inner-Harbor renaissance.
Reaganomics: Strongly oppose shifting program responsibilities to local governments without shifting funding sources. This will result in increased burden on local governments, which are supposed to be largely by property tax. I support administration proposal to transfer Medicaid program responsibility to federal government.
Amend: The Constitution should require an extraordinary vote of the legislature to increase spending-tax burden beyond increase in the personal income level of Maryland citizens.
Cimre: Continued expansion of prison facilities and modernized prison work programs. Continued improvement of system to identify and prosecute repeat offenders. Mandatory sentences for persons committing felonies with a handgun. Expand the existing juvenile restitution program.
Regina J. McNeill (D), 45, of 6303 Pontiac St., Berwyn Heights, is a business consultant who served as vice chairman of the Citizens Committee to Study the General Plan. She is active in the League of Women Voters, Red Cross, PTA and scouting, and she has been a legislative aide in the 21st District's Annapolis office.
Industry: to attract new industries, we must make our state more liveable as well as hold out the usual financial incentives. Relatedly, we must offer an education system second to none, and we must improve on the other yardsticks of the qualify of life in our state, i.e., transportation, health care, etc. I support legislation that gives relief to the large number of those currently unemployed. But to create jobs and ensure our future, I support efforts formulating a strategy for moving Maryland toward the environmentally clean, high technology industries of tomorrow. For it is these industries which spawn demand for a wider range of servcie oriented businesses and the supporting industries sorely needed to sustain blue collar workers and to create a large number of white collar jobs.
Reaganomics: I support returning select federal programs with full funding to the states, provided that the transition is paced at a rate that allows the states to gear up to handle the programs without adverse impact on the state treasurry. I am vehement in my opposition to the terror tactics used by any politician, but most specifically the fear fomented in our senior citizens by the presnet administration. Our senior citizens are having a difficult time coping with rising energy costs and inflation on their fixed income. How dare anyone threaten that income.
Amend: Maryland is fortunate in having a balanced budget and, therefore, cannot spend more than collected in taxes and revenues. The masterful Louis Goldstein has kept our state solvent and has maintained our triple A credit rating. Until we know precisely what we will inherit from New Federalism and what we will have to pay for in the way of people programs, I would prefer not to limit our resources. Taxes and spending are directly affected by those elected to the legislature. Therefore, it is important for us as voters to look at the candidates as the board of directors of our multibillion dollar corporation, the state, and elect those people who we feel will get us the best return on our tax dollars.
Crime: Pay police salaries commensurable with the job that we ask them to do, i.e., protection of our homes, our streets and ourselves. Give police enforceable laws. Build prisons to prevent judges from letting criminals walk due to overcrowding. Make mandatory, as part of prison rehabilitation, education and skills training. Tougher sentences for repeat offenders. Retribution decided upon by the victim and the judge should be part of the sentence.
Joseph F. Meadow (D), 52, of 4804 College Ave., College Park, a lawyer, has served as assistant counsel to the U.S. Senate's Post Office and Civil Service Committee. He has been chairman of the county's Consumer Protection Commission and the Goals Advisory Committee.
Industry: To attract new industry, I propose strengthening our universities and encouraging top, scientific research. Around the country, businesses have opened new plants near universities with strong scientific research components. Examples are the electronics industry concentration near Stanford University in California and the industrial complex at Raleigh and Durham, N.C. I propose strengthening the University of Maryland, now threatened by federal budget cuts, and using state assistance to offset declining federal participation in basic research. For the unemployed, we must replace the support which federal programs have provided in the past. Today's unemployed are victims of a Republican economic catastrophe which has fallen on the backs of middle America. I also would consider opening our educational facilities, especially junior colleges, to the unemployed on a learn-now, pay-when-you-earn basis. Any state money invested in higher education will be returned tenfold through increased productivity, taxes and a better way of life.
Reaganomics: I believe the Reagan economic program is a disaster. This administration appears to be punishing the unemployed and helpless, including attacking Social Security, and rewarding the wealthy, who may spread some of their money around. The trickle down theory is nonsense. The country cannot survive continued high interest rates which reward people for closing their businesses and investing in money market funds. We need lower rates so consumers can finance cars, homes, furniture and other necessities. There is no business to be done without customers, and customers in today's world need credit. The wrongheaded policies of the Federal Reserve Board and the Reagan administration have stagnated the financial world and brought insecurity to the rest of us. We cannot build up our military, increase our defense spending and cut taxes at the same time. I pledge to seek whatever solutions or whatever resources are available on the state level to lower interest rates and increase productivity.
Amend: Balanced budget amendments have no place in our state Constitutuion. The Constitution is our statement of basic rights. It should not become a dumping ground for our policital brawls. Every citizen in bis country expects our state government to function, even in times of economic decline. But in times of decline, revenues fall and new taxes are counterproductive. The issue, therefore, is whether the budget is balanced over the life of a business cycle, not whether every year's receipts equal every years expenditures. I am not running for office to abuse civil servants and destroy government. Government has a reasonable and important role to play, and I want towork with the state's employes to ensure efficient, productive use of taxpayers money. The bottom line is if you don't like the decisions your elected official make, vote them you:
Crime: The "crime problem" has been with us since the beginning of human history. There are neither quick fixes nor magical solutions. "Tough talk" by candidates always has proven hollow. Everyone from Nelson Rockefeller, running for governor in New York, to Larry Hogan has proven that "wars" on crime don't work. When the "war" ends, the crime problem remains. My chief concern is for the victim of crimes. Victims need support and counseling. They need protection if they are to testify. They often need medical and psychiatric help. I would create a state network of victim's advocates to provide that help and support. I also believe that we must get control of the handgun menace. Hunters and long gun owners have nothing to fear from a program controlling and licensing handguns. We must make an effort to take some of the tragic violence out of the crime problem by limiting as best we can, however imperfectly, the criminal's best tool.
Pauline H. Menes (D), (Incumbent) 58, of 3517 Marlbrough Way, College Park, has been a member of the House of Delegates since 1966. Her legislative appointments are diverse and have included committees and task forces on alcoholism, law enforcement and corrections and education.
Industry: New industry is attracted to states that offer the basic services it needs to prosper. These would include a reliable transportation system, access to resources of water, fuel and labor. A carefully balanced tax program that is equitable to business interests and employes. In addition, access to learning centers and cultural opportunities are sought. I will continue to press for state support of these needs. This will attract new industry and provide for additional jobs. A specific action taken by me in the 1982 session was to decouple Maryland from the federal Economic Recovery Tax Act. Money saved by that bill would have provided some $432 million over the next five years. These funds could be used to maintain the important governmental infrastructure which would make our state attractive to new and expanding businesses. In addition, I supported the tax incentive bill which will develop enterprise zones in depressed areas.
Reaganomics: I oppose the inequitable tax package which provided for tax relief for the most affluent in our society while cutting entitlements which many poor families need to keep them going during this difficult time of inflation and recession. "Safe harbor leasing," an unconscionable game of selling tax benefits and the tremendous growth of the military hardware budget are areas of my opposition. I also see the reduction in higher education loan programs as a wrong move. These programs need close monitoring and a well run collection system, but we will all suffer in the future if bright but poor students cannot be educated. I agree that some means must be found to bolster the Social Security system, while the Reagan economic program prefers cuts in these entitlements.
Amend: The state now has a constitutional requirement for a balanced budget. In addition, the legislature has for some years set a ceiling on the capital budget expenditures, which in turn limits state borrowing. These actions have been working fairly well, and I would not like to see the loss of flexibility which can be harmful to good fiscal decisions. The best way to limit taxes and spending is by electing legislators who will make appropriate decisions on the budget.
Crime: The crime problem has been a priority for me and for the Maryland legislature over the years of my service. We have supported state police and county police expansion. The courts have been increased as the case loads have increased in order to provide for a legislatively required maximum of 180 days to trial for all criminal cases. We have increased the offenses that require mandatory penalties, such as burglary and drug distributors (House Bill No. 241). A state system of standardized sentencing has begun to ensure more appropriate and more uniform sentences for all criminals. I also have supported funds for additional prison space and for increased prison space and for increased security personnel. In the 1982 session, I sponsored a bill to require the appointment of citizen community councils. This will bring the citizens into our state prisons to observe their operations, to speak for their needs and to be abel to demand adequate security. All of these actions received my support. ADditional improvements in the effectiveness of the criminal justice system also will receive my interest and support.
Thomas J. Mooney (D), (Incumbent) 37, of 705 Elm Ave., Takoma Park, has been a member of the House of Delegates since 1978. He is vice chairman of the Bi-County Committee and is on the Environmental Matters Committee. A political consultant and businessman, he has received a number of civic awards.
Industry: Unemployment is the most important issue facing Maryland today. New, environmentally clean industry can and should be attracted through teh liberal use of "free enterprise zones," tax credits and deferments for nonpolluting, labor intense industries that resettle in Maryland. The legislature, in a special session, recently passed a measure, which I supported, that aided those unemployed who were in imminent danger of losing their benefits, but much more is needed. As we move further into a post-industrial society, massive job retraining is necessary for those whose skills are obsolete. Unemployment benefits must be kept in line with the rate of inflation. It would be desirable if a state Department of Labor were created in order to expedite job programs and give labor issues increased importance. Finally, we need an equitable distribution of shrinking employment opportunities and income policies to protect those being hurt.
Reaganomics: I am very distressed with the Reagan economic program, which seems to be based on theoretical models, such as Laffer curves, Phillips curves and other abstract theorems which are totally unproven and so far have resulted in massive unemployment, burdensome inflation, ghith interest rates, urban blight and budget deficits. Our society is too complex and interdependent to be reduced to the rhetoric of dismantling government and returning to the needs of an 18th century agricultural society. Our national economic policy must not be conducted on a trial and error approach. Sound economic planning must include a detailed empirical analysis of the actual state of the economy, not hit and miss theories. Inflation is not controlled by sacrificing the economy on the altar of political expediency.
Amend: Presently, the state constitution mandates a balanced budget, which is sufficient to prevent wanton spending. Limiting the power of the legislature to raise revenue or to decide what is necessary expenditure is appealing on the surface but lacks substance. It is a classic example of government by bumper sticker. We are elected officials, and the voters have the right and obligation to remove us from office if they believe we are spending or taxing unwisely. I am reminded of an old story about a gypsy who earned his living by renting out a horse he owned. One day he decided to increase profits by training the horse to eat smaller rations of eats. For a couple of weeks this worked until one day, to the poor fellow's surprise, the horse died. This same attitude is the shortsighted motivation for amending the state constitution to limit taxes and spending.
Crime: Most crime is committed by a few people. For example, in Philadelphia 1,800 people commit 95 percent of all robberies. In New York, 2,000 commit 70 percent of all robberies. In Maryland, the situation is similar. Against this background, I propose restricting bail for repeat offenders and violent offenders. I support mandatory sentences with no plea bargaining for those convicted of crimes involving a gun. I have supported mandatory sentences for drug dealers convicted a third time. I already have drafted legislation eliminating the plea of not guilty by reason of insanity and replacing it with a plea of guilty but insane. I was a cosponsor of a successful measure in the General Assembly which secured bonding authorization to build a new jail in Prince George's County. Ultimately though, new prisons are not the answer. Jobs and rehabilitation programs are necessary to prevent tragedy and perdition for future generation.
Howard G. Wood (D), 56, of 8808 63rd Ave., Berwyn Heights, recently retired as a chief parole officer after 25 years of work in law enforcement corrections. He was mayor of Berwyn Heights from 1980-82 and a town councilman for eight years. He also has been president of the Civic Association and the Boys and Girls Club.
Industry: Would support legislation to encourage new business in the state similar to those proposed in federal enterprise zones and D.C. incentive zones, using tax concessions. However, would like to revitalize P.G. County's second largest industry, home building, by making pension funds, public and private, available for home mortgages. Would have state, with the aid of private employers, set up retraining programs for the unemployed, with possible tax breaks for those businesses training people while on the job.
Reaganomics: I oppose the state taking over Aid to Dependent Children in the New Federalism proposals. This would put too much of an economic strain on the state budget and would be better left with the feds. I can accept some of the president's tax proposals, particularly closing tax loopholes for the wealthy. Last, but not least, defense spending has to be reduced considerably to reduce the public debt, which in turn will aid the economy in the long run.
Amend: No: I feel that in these times of uncertainty in the economy the state government needs flexibility to deal with problems in emergencies, and this might not be possible with a cap on spending. The recent unemployment compensation funding cutoff by the federal government is an example of such an emergency.
Crime: I would support legislation similar to the recently enacted "California Victims Bill of Rights," allowing criminal records to be used in court, longer sentences for second offenders and reduced plea bargaining. In many instances, it takes too long to try criminal cases. A case should have to go to trial within a certain period of time, and trial postponements should be limited. The parole and probation system should be evaluated to determine its effectiveness and to see if there are other ways to handle rehabilitation.