Candidates for state Senate and House of Delegates were asked the following questions by The Washington Post:
Industry: What plans do you have to attract new industry to the state and to help those now unemployed?
Reaganomics: What parts of the Reagan economic program do you support or oppose?
Amend: Should the state amend its constitution to limit taxes or spending?
Crime: What proposals would you support to address the crime problem?
Paul Brookman (D), 27, of 6612 Juneau St., Berkshire, managed a family-owned business after attending Prince George's Community College. A published poet, he was awarded a prize by the Maryland State Poetry Society.
Industry: I have begun planning a positive approach assisting business to locate in Maryland. Business recognizes that Maryland must effectively protect property and enforce contracts in its courts. I will show the facts and figures after legislating to focus in on these areas that business will respond to a state willing to actively support a modern economy interested in industry capable of training and employing a quality workplace.
Reaganomics: I agree with the rule that the budget should balance, but only at a high level of employment. If economic conditions are stable the budget should not swing from exerting deflationary pressure in one year to exerting inflationary pressure the next. I oppose the hypocrisy of the Reagan economic program because it has run up the largest budget deficits due to excessive military expenditures -- the same military expenditures that are causing the unemployment situation.
Amend: No, I am opposed to limiting taxes or spending. The government must maintain a fraction of flexibility due to change. No constitution could possibly benefit the state economically, or the will of the people if it restricts the debate of financial responsibility.
Crime: The legislators must work with the criminal justice system to reduce violent and petty crime to roughly 20 percent of the current state level. Criminal law reform must not consist of throwing juveniles in jail. The finest prisons in the world are only monuments to neglected youth and unemployment. We must, as Democrats, take control of what is becoming a social crisis situation.
Frank J. Broschart, 39, of 5004 Silver Hill Rd., Suitland, has been a social studies teacher at Bishop McNamara High School for 14 years. A member of Common Cause and the Suitland Democratic Club, he was a candidate for the U.S. Senate in 1980 and for the Maryland House of Delegates in 1978.
Industry: Maryland public officials must make a concerted effort to bring new business to Maryland. With a loss of federal aid, we must support deregulation, ease financial pressures on businesses and give tax incentives to lure business to the state.
Reagonomics: In general principle, Reagan's policy of reducing federal spending is good; we could not continue in this country as we had by trillion-dollar debts. However, Reagan cuts were too steep in certain areas such as education, welfare and transportation.
Amend: Amending the state Constitution is unnecessary. The state legislators in Annapolis must realize the breaucracy in Maryland since Mandel, 1969 to now, has got to be trimmed. Programs outdated have to be abolished.
Crime: Just to say you are for law and order does nothing to solve this complex and disturbing problem. One area that needs immediate attention is the state prison system. We need community corrections now. The warehousing of the criminal element in the long run works against the community. Also, a concerted effort in the areas of white-collar crime and restitution needs to be adressed.
Denis C. Donaldson (D), (Incumbent) 44, 5817 Marlboro Pike, District Heights, elected in 1978, served two years on the Judiciary Committee and is now on the Appropriations Committee. A retired D.C. police sergeant, he has been a recreation director and a high school coach.
Industry: The state must initiate an accelerated program to attact new business to Maryland and help existing businesses expand their operations. Included in this program should be tax incentives and an ambitious job training program to furnish expanding and new businesses with the work force they need. An extensive job training program is crucial to combating unemployment. The program must include a retraining component for displaced workers, whose particular job skills are vanishing because of manufacturing technological advances which are eliminating them.
Reagonomics: I am totally opposed to cutting any programs that provide vital assistance to the poor and the handicapped. To leave these people high and dry in unconscionable. And while it may be a method to reduce government spending in the short run, in the long run it will prove to be more expensive. I would also emphasize that no positive fiscal advantage will be achieved by bare-bones cutting of vital assistance to the working poor. In most cases, all it will do is throw them into the wlefare rolls.
Amend: With Prince George's Cournty's TRIM in effect, there is no way I would ever support a state limit on spending or taxes as a constitutional proposition. That would amount to a limit on a limit and have an horrendous stranglehold effect on the state's spending flexibility and its ability to meet the people's needs. The key to limiting spending is effective management and careful selection of priorities.
Crime: We must reconstruct our juvenile justice system to effectively curb juvenile crime. The primary objective is to make the juvenile bear responsibility for his acts. This can be achieved through a rehabilitation policy which incorporates a degree of punishment. It is not enough to merely counsel the juvenile offender. We must establish programs where he either pays victims restitution or works on a public maintenance project to pay his debt to society. In cases where the juvenile does not respond to rehabilitation, we must remove him from the community. And where the juvenile is a repeat offender of violant crime and shows no sign of rehabilitation, he must not only be removed from the community, but incarcerated in a maximum-security facility as well.
Sylvester Gilliard, (D), 34, of 10805 Woodlawn Blvd., Largo, is the owner of a personnel agency. He has been president of the Largo Civic Association and vice president of the Largo Citizens Committee. He is a member of the county's Police Advisory Board, the Chamber of Commerce and the Voters Registration Coalition.
Industry: Offering tax credits and loan considerations in exchange for creating, training and hiring state residents. I support a voluntary action center in Prince Georges County that will re-train RIF employes in other job occupational skills, so that they can become marketable and become gainfully employed. I propose utilizing one of the area's closed schools, which could be funded in part by state tax and private contributions from industry and business.
Reagonomics: There are some features to Reagan's New Federalism that I find interesting. Swapping certain programs with state government could prove beneficial to all in the long run. I would especially like to see the federal government pay the cost of Medicare, food stamps and welfare. On the local level, I feel that the state could do a better job with education and transportation.
Amend: I do not feel that the state should amend its constitution to limit taxes or spending. If we add such an amendment we would be locked into a position which at some future date could cause grave consequences. I feel that we should work to eliminate waste within the present framework of state spending, thereby eliminating the need to amend the Constitution to limit taxes or spending.
Crime: To address the crime problem, I would propose legislation that would insure that persons who perform acts of violence and crimes not be allowed to plea bargain for a lighter sentence. If a person commits a crime, he or she should be punished to the fullest extent of the law. With plea bargaining, the criminal would be free in a short period of time to commit more crimes, thus crowding up the courts. I am also in favor of setting up a tighter control system on guards and jail personnel.
Gerald A. Glaubitz (D), 61, of 4507 Maple Rd., Morningside, has been mayor of Morningside since 1960. He is a past president of the county's Board of Trade and the Maryland State Firemen's Association. He was chief of Morningside's volunteer fire department and is a firefighting instructor.
Industry: Assist in every way possible, possibly even tax breaks for a few years. Assist in site and labor location. Awsist executives of the company to get settled. Make them feel they're wanted in Maryland.
Reagonomics: I do not believe any of the Reagan economic program shows it is working well enough to continue.
Amend: No. Spending is limited as the state of Maryland must have a balanced budget. I believe we elect our representatives to do a responsible job for us so we should give them the latitude to exercise what the state needs.
Crime: Insist the courts meet the responsibility in the community by properly punishing offenders. Make sure the law enforcement communtiy has the tools to deal with problems.
Franklin D. Henderson (D), 42, 10248 Prince Place, Largo, is an attorney who was assistant state's attorney for Prince George's County from 1974 to 1976. A veteran of the Marines, he currently volunteers legal services to the NAACP, senior citizens and National Education Association. He is active in lawyers' organizations.
Industry: I believe that the way to attract new industry into the state is to introduce and support legislation which will extend tax credits to businesses for a perios of years. I believe that our General Assembly should make such legislation a priority. I believe that the voting public should elect people to office who are concerned about new industry and the employment situation in the state. Training and retraining programs should be initiated by the state for the unemployed.
Reagonomics: I oppose the increase in defense spending by Mr. Reagan. I believe a close look at the Defense Department should be conducted by the General Accounting Office to determine whether or not an increase is in order. I oppose tampering with the present Social Security System and its recipients. One change in the system should not affect those already enrolled with vested rights.
Amend: This state should not amend its Constitution to limit taxes or spending. To do so at a time when the Reagan administration is proposing an amendment to the U.S. Constitution to balance the budgetand making huge cutbacks in our domestic programs would not be wise. And furthermore, this state has sound monetary policies which keep it in the black.
Crime: In addressing the crime problems, I would introduce and support legislation to educate the public to the fact that additional tax money is needed in the war against crime. Money is needed for new jails, more judges, staff personnel, police, etc.
Jerry Eileen Perry (D), 38, of 394 Harry S. Truman Dr., Upper Marlboro, a housing and community consultant, is an executive associate of InterAmerica Inc. in Rosslyn. She serves on boards of the Metropolitan Council of Governments and United Communities Against Poverty.
Industry: As an elected state official, I would sponsor legislation to utilize state funds to establish nationwide business recruitment drives. I would also favor state funding of training programs that meet the needs of new or expanding businesses. That is, training a new work force for any new industry that comes into Maryland. I would also favor the relaxation of certain state regulations, if that would spur business development in my state.
Reagonomics: I generally agree that a policy of fiscal restraint had to be imposed. However, the depth of the domestic programs' reductions have proven to be harsh and grossly unfair. Americans should not have to choose between guns vs. butter. The military side of the ledger shoudl also be trimmed, in order to bring federal spending into line with our cost-cutting goals. It is unfair to attempt to balance the bidget on the backs of the poor, the powerless and the oppressed.
Amend: I do not believe that such a step would be in the best interest of the people, in the long run, although there may be some short-term relief. So my answer is no. The California experience has proven to be negative, and in our own county, the TRIM amendment is having a negative effect on local government's ability to deliver needed services to the people of the county.
Crime: I have spoken out against plea bargaining in the court system. I am for mandatory sentencing for convicted felons. Realizing that crime is everyone's problem, not just the police, I will lend the support of my office to upgrading and increasing the support given to local police by the ordinary citizen. We must all join the fight against those who make us feel like prisoners in our own homes and communities.
Lorraine M. Sheehan (D), (Incumbent) 45, of 42 Herrington Dr., Largo, is a two-term delegate who is on the Ways and Means Committee and chairs the subcommittee on Health and Aging. She is a member of the Humane Practices Commission and the Special Joint Committee on Energy.
Industry: Programs to retrain the unemployed must be established; to attract new industry we must have a work force trained to perform the skills required; the business community must feel that the state will treat them fairly and positively; roads must be adequate and well maintained; schools must be of good quality.
Reagonomics: Reagan's economic program has not proven to be successful. The high unemployment, high interest rates, and the RIF of federal employes is unacceptable. Federal programs should be reviewed but with sensitivity as well as practicality. The states probably can better administer some of these programs but not without funding.
Amend: The state c-nstitution provides for a balanced budget. Limiting spending or taxes will allow state legislators to renege on their responsibilities to decide in each instance if a program should be funded or cut. The periodic review of all programs should continue and be judged in light of today's needs and budget restrictions. An artificial limit could very well create chaos.
Crime: 1) Less reliance on the parole system, more definite sentencing. 2) Juvenile court system should not be a revolving door; first time offenders should be treated fairly but sternly to discourage the possibility of second offenses. 3) Rehabilitative efforts should be considered for first offenders.
Martha J. Weber (D), 36, of 2710 West Ave., Forestville, a property manager, is treasurer of the county's Democratic Central Commitee and has been a delegate to Democratic national conventions. She is active in community development issues, Big Sisters, Junior Achievement and women's professional groups.
Industry: The best way to attract new industry to the state of Maryland is to provide business with a tax incentive for locating or relocating in Maryland. Unemployment is at a crisis level in Maryland. To pass emergency legislation to extend unemployment benefits is not enough. We must provide retraining for the unemployed. I believe business and industry could assist in the retraining of the unemployed with financial assistance for the state and federal governments.
Reagonomics: I do not support any aspect of the Reagan economic program. However, I do believe we all need to cut back. Government and industry should review their budgets on a more creative basis; the elimination of jobs as the easy way to cut the budget is not the answer to the problem. Abolishing jobs only defeats the purpose, thus creating unemployment and all negative aspects associated with the jobless.
Amend: I am opposed to amending the state constitution to limit taxes or spending at this time. If the legislature is doing its job, they are reviewing the budget to cut waste and provide only that which is necessary. The federal government has passed many programs back to the states to budget. Thus, to limit the state at this point would create an even larger burden on the state budget. The state would be forced into cutting much-needed programs such as aid to the handicapped, the elderly, etc., and these programs have already been drastically cut.
Crime: Legistate stiffer, more uniform sentences for violent crimes and repeat offenders. Criminals should not be released early because of inadequate facilities to house the prisoners.
Francis W. White (D), (Incumbent) 60, of 33 Thurston Dr., Largo, was alected to the House in 1978 and is on the Ways and Means Committee. An engineer and contractor, he has been mayor of Largo and served on the city and county councils. He was a member of the Metro Board for five years.
Industry: The state's economic development program has made progress but needs to be strengthened. I would support increasing MIDFA and MICRF funding programs, which are bond loans made available to approved industries. These funds enable industries to build new facilities, increase existing plant sizes or locate new or inlarged facilities in Maryland. Some tax-abatement programs, too, may provide the incentive to locate in Maryland but must be carefully planned not to upset the balance ofrevenues nor be unfair to existing industires. Government can take a more aggressive role in gathering job availability information and daily or weekly disseminate this information across the state through unemployment centers."
Reaganomics: I support the "goal" of a balanced federal budget which is critical to the nation's rebound from the present recession. It is well understood that federal treasury notes are absorbing most of the nation's available investment dollars, thus keeping interest rates high. Until budgeted spending is reduced and a balanced, lowered budget is reached this condition will continue to keep interest rates high. I would disagree with the high levels of increased spending for national defense and the inability to control the abuses in the "welfare-state" policies, thus leaving a heavy burden on the middle-income citizens. I agree with the concept of returning the spending decisions on federal grant programs to the local jurisdictions; however, the impact of reduced dollars has removed a number of needed programs while saddling the local jurisdictions with the administrative costs of these programs.
Amend: I am supportive of a LIMIT amendment to the state Constitution if it is tied to the increase in percentage of personal income. It is wise to have state budget controls which set the boundaries for our tax levies and provide a visible target for expenditures much like our own personal or family budget. Relating the state budtet to our personal imcome growth seems very fair since each of the government's revenue dollars comes from your pocket or mine. These revenue dollars are collected in one form or another such as a direct tax or an increase in product cost where the industry's product is directly taxed.
Crime: Crime is greatly increasing and must be brought under control. I would support legislation which would amend current laws dealing with crimes, the courts and penal institutions. I beleive we msut structure "mandator" sentencing for some crimes and thus remove the latitude in the courts for leniency. I believe that our penal institutions must abandon the "rest-home" atmosphere and undertake work, skill and rehabilitation programs which will provide the prisoner with added skills, work-success experiences and motivation while providing some dollars for restitution.
Albert R. Wynn (D), 30, of 221 Harry S. Truman Dr., Largo, an attorney, is former executive director of the county's Consumer Protection Commission. He is active in the NAACP's legal assistance program, the Coalition of Black Affairs and the Consumer Credit Counsebling Service of Southeast Maryland.
Industry: In order to attract new businesses and support existing ones, I advocate 1) a program of tax incentives, hiring subsidies, and state supported law in interest loans to small and medium-sized businesses operating in and relocating to high-unemployment areas of the state and 2) expanding use of state pension funds to finance thome mortgages and therby stimulate the housing and construction industries. In combating our unemployment problem I support 1) an increase in short-term (one-year) state service jobs with an emphasis on skill training; 2) a high technology job training program for youth with regional training centers; 3) a flexible state funding formula to finance local job programs based on hiring performance and need; and 4) closer monitoring of these programs for performance standards compliance with affirmative action goals and the hiring of targeted groups (i.e. teens).
Reagonomics: Reagan's basic economic philosophy is flawed. First, under the guise of supply-side economics he is using the old approach of attempting to cure inflaction by creating high unemployment. The result is our current recession and record levels of unemployment. Second, he's trying to balance the budget and reduce deficits through massive cuts in social programs while defense spending continues to rise. Both these approaches hurt the middle-income working person, senior citizens and the poor. The basic unfairness of his economic policy is contrary to the American dream as I know it and I reject these approaches.
Amend: While I strongly believe state government can be managed more efficiently, I do not support artificial and arbitrary limitations on taxes and government spending. Historically, citizen concern over high taxes has been a sufficient incentive to make the legislature fiscally responsible. Spending and tax limitations can be disastrous in the event of cuts in federal aid, unexpectedly high inflation or other emergencies such as our current unemployment situation. These limitations are also used as a means of killing off important social programs. Further, as a former county department head I have seen first-ahnd how such restrictions (like TRIM) can erode the quality of governmental services.
Crime: We must have a balanced approach to the crime problem, one which emphasizes prevention and deterrence as well as strong punitive measures against career criminals. Therefore I support: 1) stronger juvenile services to deal with young offenders; 2) restrictions on plea bargaining for repeat felony offenders; 3) continued funding for victim restitution programs; 4) mandatory sentences for repeat felony offenders and handgun crimes; 5) expanded occupational programs in prisons; 6) parole policies with increased emphasis on skill attainment as a basis for release; 7) additional funding to combat hard drug sales; and 9) grants for technical assistance and equipment to local police.