Office of Personnel Management chief Donald J. Devine says government workers can be assured that "every penny" they designate to a charity or group within the CFC will go "to the recipient specified by the contributor, and no place else."

Devine said that only when individuals fail to designate where their contribution should go is their pledge money distributed among a variety of charities. This year, he said, the government will encourage employes to designate.

Because of a court order last year, the number of groups participating in the 1982 CFC has more than doubled -- to 120 -- and some of the newcomers are hardly traditional "charities."

In fact two federal unions, the National Treasury Employes Union and National Association of Letter Carriers, have urged members to boycott this year's CFC because one of the participating organizations is the National Right to Work Legal Defense Fund, which the unions say is anti-union.

Other nontraditional charities in the CFC range from, for example, the Sierra Club, to the Center for Auto Safety to the Children's Defense Fund.

Last year, government and military personnel here contributed $13.8 million to the fund drive. And officials hope to go over that mark this year. But many are afraid that the influx of new "charities" will turn people off; hence Devine's pledge that any money you designate will go where you want it to and not to any group that offends you.