Retired Marine Corps Gen. Edwin Allen Pollock, 83, a highly decorated combat veteran of World War II and the Korean War, and the only person to command both the Atlantic and Pacific Fleet Marine Forces, died Nov. 5 of inflammation of the pancreas in the University of South Carolina Hospital in Charleston. He lived in Beaufort, S.C.
During World War II, he received the Navy Cross, the service's highest award for valor except for the Medal of Honor, while commanding a battalion of the 1st Marine Division at Guadalcanal. Troops under his command were under a powerful surprise attack at the Tenaru River Aug. 20-21, 1942. Gen. Pollock left his command post to advance through heavy enemy mortar fire and machine-gun fire to a front-line position.
Gen. Pollock also fought in New Guinea and New Britain and was decorated for bravery at Cape Glouchester and at Iwo Jima.
During the Korean War, Gen. Pollock commanded the 1st Marine Division from August 1952 to June 1953. He reported to Army Gen. Mark W. Clark, who headed the United Nations Command and U.S. Army Forces in the Far East. The two men were closely associated in combat operations and in Little Switch, the initial exchange of sick and wounded prisoners at Panmunjom in April 1953.
Gen. Pollock was a native of Augusta, Ga., and a 1921 graduate of The Citadel. He received his Marine commission later that year.
After World War II, he was director of plans and policies at Marine Corps headquarters in Washington. In addition to commanding the Fleet Marine Forces, he also had served tours as director of the Marine Corps educational center in Quantico, and commanding general of the Parris Island Marine Recruit Training Depot.
In addition to the Navy Cross, he held the Legion of Merit, the Bronze Star and the Distinguished Service Medal.
Survivors include his wife, Mary Morgan Pollock of Beaufort; a son, Edwin A. Jr. of Columbia; and a daughter, Mrs. Edward J. Appel of Wayne, Pa.