Fourteen men were formally charged in D.C. Superior Court yesterday with crimes they allegedly committed during the violent disturbance that broke out Saturday amid demonstrations against the Ku Klux Klan.

In all, 11 persons were charged with felony crimes ranging from second-degree burglary to possession of stolen property in connection with looting that took place in downtown stores. Three other persons were charged with misdemeanors, such as assault, and charges against three additional persons were dropped yesterday, prosecutors said.

Police arrested more than 30 people during the two-hour melee, in which hundreds of protesters, angered at being denied a chance to confront the Klan, hurled rocks and bottles at police and smashed store windows. At least 23 businesses sustained damages, most of them located in the vicinity of McPherson Square, 15th and K streets NW.

About three dozen Klansmen had been secretly bused by police to Lafayette Square, where they held a quick demonstration and left town while some 6,500 anti-Klan demonstrators waited at prearranged locations where they thought the Klansmen would appear.

Federal prosecutors here said yesterday they were outraged by the violence and were insisting on making felony charges stick in many cases because, in the words of one, "We are just not in sympathy with this type of conduct."

"Violence will not be tolerated by any segment of the community, whether it's a resident segment or a visiting segment," said principal assistant U.S. Attorney Joseph E. diGenova. "We had substantial destruction of property. Many innocent bystanders were injured. That kind of thing is just not going to be tolerated."

Of the 14 who were formally charged in Superior Court yesterday, eight were freed on their personal recognizance, four were required to post bond ranging from $500 to $3,000, one was ordered held in a work-release program, and one was ordered to undergo psychiatric examination.

Police chief Maurice T. Turner yesterday released a list of 32 persons who were charged with crimes stemming from the disturbances. He said half of those had criminal records, although he did not have specifics.

About half of all those arrested were cited by police with minor offenses, such as disorderly conduct, and their cases have been referred to the D.C. Corporation Counsel rather than the U.S. Attorney's office, which traditionally is responsible for more serious crimes.

Those referred to the Corporation Counsel can pay a minimal fine or seek a court appearance. None appeared in court yesterday, according to Geoffrey Alprin, head of the criminal division of the Corporation Counsel's office. Alprin said neither he nor anyone in his office had determined how many of those arrested for lesser crimes had paid fines or asked for court dates.

Meanwhile, the All People's Congress, a coalition of left-of-center activist organizations which demonstrated Saturday, said yesterday the violence was the fault of the D.C. police and the Reagan administration.

In a wide-ranging press conference in Adams Morgan, members of the coalition denounced the Klan, maintained that their own demonstration had been peaceful, and charged that the government "provoked" the violence by allowing the Klan a permit to march.

Monica Moorehead, national coordinator of the group, portrayed Saturday's violence as a "rebellion against poverty." She said that Reagan's cutting of social programs has contributed to unemployment and deprivation, especially among black youth.

The following people were charged yesterday in Superior Court in connection with the disturbance that grew out of the anti-Klan demonstrations Saturday:

Robert H. Bryant, 25, of the 1200 block of 34th Street NW, assault, possession of a prohibited weapon; Eric T. Cottran, 22, of the 400 block of Hillsborough Drive, Silver Spring, assault, destruction of property, possession of a prohibited weapon; Rafford Seymour, 24, of the 3300 block of Alabama Avenue SE, receiving stolen property; Bernard S. Levi, 23, of the 2700 block of Sherman Avenue NW, receiving stolen property; Tyrone W. Cosby, 21, of the 5100 block of Cumberland Street, Capitol Heights, Md., second-degree burglary.

Larry Howard, 39, of the 2300 block of Reynolds Place SE, receiving stolen property; Russell Allen, 19, of the 600 block of Fifth Street NE, second-degree burglary; Edward Russian, 18, of the 1300 block of Seventh Street NW, destruction of property; Raymond W. Whittington, 25, of the 3400 block of D Street SE, second-degree burglary; Carlton B. Thomas, 21, of the 1900 block of Fourth Street NE, second-degree burglary.

Vincent L. Good, 18, of the 1900 block of Benning Road, NE, second-degree burglary; Nathan Morris, 22, of the 4600 block of Bass Place, SE, second-degree burglary; Tony Davis, 26, of the unit block of Rhode Island Avenue NW, second-degree burglary and receiving stolen property; and Gordon Tillman, of Baltimore, second-degree burglary.