Dwight Macdonald, 76, an author and critic who wrote for the New Yorker, Esquire and other magazines, died Dec. 19 at Metropolitan Hospital in New York City. Mr. Macdonald began his career as a writer on the staff of Fortune magazine, which he joined after his graduation from Yale University in 1927. He resigned in the mid-1930s because of a dispute over an article about the U.S. Steel Corp. He wrote for the New Yorker for 20 years and also was the film critic of Esquire.

In the 1930s, Mr. Macdonald admired Joseph Stalin and then became a critic of the Soviet dictator. In the 1960s, he was an outspoken critic of the war in Vietnam. His books included "Against the American Grain" and "Memoirs of a Revolutionist: Essays in Political Criticism."

His marriage to Nancy Rodman ended in divorce. Survivors include his wife, Gloria Lanier Macdonald; two sons, Michael and Nicholas, and two gandchildren.

Mary Helen Liston Folliard, 81, the widow of Edward T. Folliard, the White House correspondent of The Washington Post for many years, died Nov. 25 at Bantry Hospital in West Cork, Ireland. Mrs. Folliard lived in Washington until after the death of her husband in 1976. She was active in the Red Cross here.

Survivors include a daughter, Mrs. Michael J. O'Mahony, and a son, Michael, of Air Hill, Schull, County Cork, Ireland, and eight grandchildren.

Hans Ulrich Rudel, 66, a colonel in the Luftwaffe who was credited with destroying 519 enemy tanks during World War II, died Dec. 20 at a hospital in Rosenheim, Germany. Friends said the cause of death was a brain hemorrhage.

Col. Rudel flew Stuka dive bombers on 2,530 missions, mostly on the Russian front. He received the highest order of the Iron Cross. In 1945, he was shot down and lost a leg.

After the war, he was associated with extreme right-wing political groups. He also reportedly helped build up the Argentine air force.

Leonid Kogan, 58, one of the Soviet Union's leading violinists, died Dec. 17, the official Tass news agency reported in Moscow. Mr. Kogan won the Prague youth competition in 1947 and also won other international prizes. He was the head of the juries at the Tchaikowsky competition in Moscow for several years.