Earl C. Bergquist, 80, a retired Army major general who became the March of Dimes official responsible for fund-raising among civilian and military employes of the government, died of a stroke Jan. 9 at Fairfax Hospital.

Gen. Bergquist, who lived in McLean, was born in Grand Forks, N.D. He graduated from the University of North Dakota and was commissioned in the Army in 1927. Assignments he received early in his career included various posts in the continental United States and Hawaii and the Command and General Staff School, from which he graduated.

During the war, he was chief of staff of the 94th Infantry Division in Europe.

After the war, he graduated from the Industrial College of the Armed Forces and the National War College and was secretary of the Command and General Staff College. He held several command and staff posts in Germany and served as part of a military mission that negotiated leases for U.S. bases in Spain. In the early 1950s, he headed the training section of a U.S. military mission to Vietnam. He was commanding general of Fort Dix, N.J., when he retired in 1959.

Gen. Bergquist joined the March of Dimes after leaving the service. In 1961, he was transferred to its Washington offices. He retired there in 1974.

His military decorations include the Legion of Merit, two Bronze Stars, the French Croix de Guerre and Legion of Honor and the Order of Leopold from Belgium.

His wife, the former Mary Ann Fisher, died in 1977.

Survivors include three daughters, Mary Ann Follansbee of Wayne, Pa., Barbara E. Bergquist of San Juan, P.R., and Lois B. Metcalf of Rochester, N.Y.; three brothers, Laurence, of Belmont, Calif., Floyd, of Kensington, Md., and Kenneth, of San Diego, Calif.; a sister, Doris Madsen of Los Altos, Calif., and six grandchildren.