Dr. Valcoulon L. Ellicott, 89, a former health officer for Montgomery County and a retired official of the Maryland Health Department who was known for his work with the chronically ill, died of a stroke Feb. 10 at the Broadmead retirement

Dr. Ellicott, a descendent of founders of Ellicott City, Md., was born in Baltimore. He attended Princeton University and granduated from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He earned his medical degree at Johns Hopkins University and also took a degree in public health there.

He was a public health official in Baltimore and New York until 1932, when he was appointed health officer of Montgomery County. He held that post until 1954.

He then returned to Baltimore and became chief of the bureau of medical services and hospitals in the Maryland Health Department. One of his principal objectives was to provide rehabilitation for the chronically ill, not just custodial care. He retired in 1963.

Dr. Ellicott founded the Fellowship Club for Retired Persons, a church-affiliated organization. He was a member of the Chevy Chase Club.

Survivors include his wife, the former Mary Purnell Gould, of Cockeysville; three children, John Le-Moyne Ellicott of Washington, Don Gould Ellicott of Bynam Township, N.J., and Joy Ellicott Jones of Avondale, Pa.; a brother. Charles Ellis Ellicott of Baltimore, and eight grandchildren.