Bessie L. Springer, 72, a former teacher who was active in area senior citizens organizations, died of a chronic respiratory disease April 1 at Holy Cross Hospital. She lived in the Hebrew Home in Rockville.

She had served as president of the Jewish Community Center chapter of the National Council of Senior Citizens and was a member of Seniors Organized for Change and the United Seniors of Maryland. Mrs. Springer also had edited a newsletter and attended several area conventions dealing with senior citizens.

She was an Operation Headstart teacher at several D.C. public elementary schools between 1964 and 1970. Mrs. Springer was born in Russia and moved to Washington with her family at an early age. She was a graduate of the old Central High School and George Washington University.

Beginning in the early 1930s, she accompanied her husband, Dr. N. Norton Springer, to various posts he held around the country with the Veterans Administration. Dr. Springer died in 1962, and Mrs. Springer returned to Washington two years later.

Survivors include a son, Jeffrey B., of Silver Spring; two daughters, Susan Springer of Berkeley, Calif., and Judith Weinberg of Silver Spring; a sister, Sophie Shapiro of Washington; two brothers, Alex Litman of Bethesda and Louis Litman of Washington, and three grandchildren.