Alice Allison Dunnigan, 77, a retired government official who was chief of the Washington bureau of the old Associated Negro Press from 1947 to 1961, died of ischemic bowel disease May 6 in Providence Hospital. She lived in Washington.

She was the first black elected to the Women's National Press Club, and was a member of the State Department Correspondents Association. In addition to serving as bureau chief of the ANP, Mrs. Dunnigan had been a correspondent for Atlanta Daily World. She had covered Harry Truman on a whistlestop tour during the 1948 presidential race.

In 1961, she was named education consultant to the President's Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity. From 1967 until retiring three years later, she was an associate editor with the President's Commission on Youth Opportunity.

Mrs. Dunnigan was a native of Russellville, Ky. She taught school and worked for the Owensboro Enterprise and Louisville Defender newspapers before moving to Washington in the early 1940s.

She was the author of a history of black Kentuckians, as well as her autobiography, "A Black Woman's Experience--From Schoolhouse to White House," which was published in 1974. She was the recipient of over 50 journalism awards and was a member of the University of Kentucky's Journalism Hall of Fame.

Her husband, Charles J. Dunnigan, died in 1982. Her survivors include a son, Robert William Dunnigan of Brandywine; a brother, Richard Allison of Russellville; five grandchildren, and four great-grandchildren.