The Reston Homeowners Association (RHOA) this month will release proposals for how the 18-year-old planned community of Reston will be managed when it get its first limited taste of self-government in 1985.

The beginning may be small--full resident control over 800 acres of open space and a large complex of recreational facilities--but it is a start for what everyone expects someday to be a city or at least the state's largest town.

Reston voters last month displayed their traditional apathy towards RHOA elections, probably because the organization is still controlled by Reston Land Corp., which created Reston in 1965. But there appeared to be no apathy among the candidates.

"We knew whoever won would be on board when the developer loses his absolute majority control in 1985," said Monroe Freeman, who won one of the four resident seats on the RHOA in an election process set up by Reston Land Corp.

Changes in the bylaws of RHOA now under consideration will determine, among other things, how RHOA directors will be elected after 1985.

But RHOA president Judi Ushio said the controversial issue is how homeowners will be taxed. Instead of assessing each household a flat $90 annual fee to support Reston's park and recreation complex, the study committee "could recommend an ad valorem" fee based on the assessed value of each Reston home, she said.

Numerous proposals will be presented to community leaders, probably in June, she said.

Freeman, a member of the Defense Department's Armed Services Contract Appeals Board, has lived in Reston since 1967 and has been active in the Reston Community Association. "That's the civic group, we on RHOA are the bureaucracy," Ushio said. He also has been a soccer coach and a soccer referee.

Also elected last month to RHOA, from among 17 candidates, was Dan McGuire, who works in the office of the U.S. trade representative and has been active in the South Lakes Village council as well as in coaching Reston youth soccer, baseball and basketball teams.

RHOA oversees the community open space, 14 swimming pools, 50 miles of pathways and about 40 tennis courts and soon will take over several lakes. Its annual $3 million budget is supported by resident fees and user fees.