Adam Malik, 67, a former vice president of Indonesia, a founder of its independence, and a major figure in Third World politics, died of cancer Sept. 5 at Bandung Central Hospital.

Mr. Malik was an intellectual leader of the 1945 revolution that won Indonesia its freedom from the Netherlands and was the author of the country's declaration of independence. He was a journalist who founded Antara, the official news agency of Indonesia.

He was a diplomat who served as his country's ambassador to the Soviet Union and Poland and from 1966 to 1977 he was foreign minister. In that post he ended the nation's confrontation with Malaysia, returned Indonesia to the United Nations and helped establish the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).

In March 1962, Mr. Malik he led successful negotiations with the Netherlands over West Irian that resulted in the return of the jungle region to Indonesia.

After an abortive communist coup in 1965 and the downfall of the late President Sukarno, he joined then-Gen. Suharto and Sultan Hamengku Buwono IX of Jogjakarta in governing the nation. He became coordinating minister of the three-man presidium in 1966.

In September 1973, Mr. Malik was elected president of the 26th United Nations General Assembly. He spent a year as speaker of the Indonesian parliament before being elected vice president in 1978.

He stepped down from the vice presidency, Indonesia's highest civilian office, in March 1983. Since then, he had been a member of the U.N.-sponsored Commission on International Humanitarian Issues.

A slight and energetic man, Mr. Malik lived most his life on four hours sleep a night. He had a keen interest in photography and always carried a camera to cabinet meetings and other state functions. He also collected antique Chinese ceramics and fine paintings. His love of books was so strong that his office resembled a bookshop storeroom.

Mr. Malik was born in Pematang Siantar, East Sumatra. He was one of 11 children of an impoverished and devout Moslem family. His father had ideas of making a Moslem clergyman out of him and put him in a religious school.

Mr. Malik balked at being sent to Egypt to further his Islamic studies, seeing his destiny in the Indonesian independence movement which was gathering strength under the charismatic leadership of a Javanese named Sukarno.

At age 17, Mr. Malik became chairman of the local branch of the Partai Indonesia political party. After Partindo was banned in 1934, he left for Jakarta, where he made his living selling second-hand books. In 1937, he and a few friends founded the Antara News Agency to counter the coverage of the Dutch-controlled government press. Antara later was taken over by Sukarno and became the official government news agency.

Mr. Malik entered parliament in 1956. From 1956 until 1959 he served in the House of Representatives and as a member of Sukarno's supreme advisory council. In late 1959, Mr. Malik became ambassador to the Soviet Union and Poland. In November 1963, he was named minister of trade, and in early 1965, minister coordinator for guided economy.

Survivors include his wife and five children.