Emanuel Cohen, 74, a charter member of the board of directors and the vice president-treasurer of Giant Food Inc. who was active in many area charitable organizations, died Sept. 8 at Sibley Memorial Hospital after a heart attack. He lived in Washington.

He had been involved in Giant Food since his family opened the first store in Washington in 1936.

By the mid-1940s, Giant had stores in the District, Maryland, and Virginia.

Today, its 132 stores make it the country's 12th-largest food retailer in terms of sales.

Mr. Cohen was born in Jerusalem and moved to this country in 1921. He grew up in Pennsylvania and attended Franklin & Marshall College in Lancaster, Pa.

He joined the family retail food business, consisting of three stores in Lancaster, before moving here.

Mr. Cohen had lived in the Washington area since the early 1930s. He was named a vice president of Giant in 1970.

Over the years, he had been active in the Big Brothers of the National Capital Area, HEROES Inc., and the Metropolitan Police Boys and Girls clubs of Washington. He was a Mason and a member of B'nai B'rith.

Survivors include his wife, Ruth Morgenstein Cohen, a daughter, Nina, his mother, Mrs. Nehemiah M. Cohen, a sister, Lillian Cohen Solomon, and a brother, Giant Food Board Chairman Israel Cohen, all of Washington.