A Church of England bishop said in a recently published article that Christianity "must take a major share of the blame" for the Nazi attempt to exterminate the Jews.

John Baker, bishop of Salisbury and one of his church's leading theologians, said Christianity has "spewed out" anti-Semitism from the earliest times.

He called for an act of "theological penitence" by Christians and urged them to disown "distorted features" of the New Testament.

The comments appeared in an article on racism and the Bible published by the church's Board for Social Responsibility.

"No matter that Jesus was a Jew, that thousands of Jews formed the first Christian churches, that the Jewish scriptures constituted for nearly 200 years the only Christian Bible," he wrote. "The Jews were those who had rejected and killed the Son of God, and into that indictment Christians were able to funnel all the hatred and humiliation they themselves felt at having been rejected by Judaism."

A confrontation is brewing in San Francisco between Episcopal Bishop William Swing and a priest of the diocese who has vowed to bless marriage-like unions between homosexuals.

Swing warned the priest, the Rev. Robert Cromey, that he will be disciplined if he carries out his pledge to perform a church blessing of the relationships of three homosexual male couples who have asked Cromey to perform such a ceremony.

In his warning, which went to every priest in the diocese, Swing said that "if you do perform marriages or blessings for same-sex couples, you should know full well that you will be disciplined immediately thereafter."

Cromey replied to Swing, "I will sue you in civil court for any libel, slander, or limitation on my right to earn a living as a priest in the Episcopal Church. I will call for and organize a boycott of money given to the diocese by homosexual people and their supporters of our position."

In his warning, Swing, formerly of Washington, D.C., said that Episcopal canons oppose homosexual marriage and prohibit the blessing of marriages that would not be legal under civil law.

Cromey, married and the father of three, is pastor of Trinity Episcopal Church in San Francisco. A substantial proportion of the congregation is homosexual.

The U.S. Catholic church will review of the emotional issue of "inclusive language" in worship and Bible translations. the National Conference of Catholic Bishops said this week.

The issue, which includes exclusive use of male pronouns in referring to God, has swept across U.S. Christianity in recent years and been sharply debated in Protestant as well as Roman Catholic circles.

Although it is generally seen as a "feminist" issue, Archbishop Daniel E. Pilarczyk of Cincinnati, chairman of the Bishops Committee on the Liturgy, refused to accept that designation.

"The Bishops' Committee on the Liturgy understands inclusive language to be a question of the cultural development of the English language and therefore important to all worshiping members of the church," he said.