Education officials in Maryland told a committee of the House of Delegates yesterday that unless teachers' salaries are raised, other efforts to prevent a drain in the profession will be inadequate.

"No matter what else we do, unless we deal with the salary issue, we will not have, in the end, addressed the need for teachers," said State School Superintendent David W. Hornbeck.

A report released last year projected that the state would need more than 9,000 new teachers by 1987, but will graduate only 3,150.

Hornbeck said salaries have not kept pace with inflation, and will have to be raised 26 percent to restore the purchasing power that teachers had in 1970. He said he plans to propose to the state Board of Education next week a program that would help local school districts raise and equalize salaries.

The Constitutional and Administrative Law Committee also heard testimony from Sheldon Knorr, state commissioner for higher education, who recommended that standards for students majoring in education be raised.

He said that the state will introduce an examination, on a pilot basis, for college sophmores to pass before being promoted to the junior class.

Knorr cited a study showing that education students averaged 839 on the Scholastic Aptitude Test last year, compared with a state average of 910.