When someone under 21 uses a phony ID to buy beer, the dealer is often punished while the buyer walks away scot-free, say representatives of Maryland's alcoholic beverages industry.

The liquor dealers don't think that is fair, and they want the General Assembly to pass legislation that will make it more likely that the teen-ager who buys the six-pack will have to pay the price for his illegal act.

"We should have some parity," Nick Simonetta, owner of the Hangar Club in Prince George's County, told members of the House Judiciary Committee recently.

Simonetta said he lost his license for sales from a drive-up window for a week last year, paid a $1,500 fine and spent $1,000 on legal expenses because his clerk sold beer to an 18-year-old and a 19-year-old with phony IDs.

Police and prosecutors refused to take action against the buyers, Simonetta said.

The major bill sought by the industry would allow civil damage suits to be filed by dealers who sell alcoholic beverages to people under 21 with phony ID's if they are fined or lose their licenses as a result of the sale. The bill would allow a parent or guardian as well to be sued if the offender was under 18.

Joseph A. Schwartz, lobbyist for the state liquor dealers, supported that bill as well as others that would increase the penalty for using a false ID, allow dealers to confiscate phony IDs and provide a fine or jail term for a liquor store clerk who intentionally sells alcoholic beverages to an underage buyer. Clove Cigarette Ban Opposed

Tobacco industry lobbyists and Maryland smoke shop owners say they are adamantly opposed to legislation that would ban the sale of clove cigarettes, a trendy item among teen-agers and young adults.

Terming the aromatic cigarettes a "tremendous health hazard," Del. Michael Gordon (D-Montgomery), cosponsor of the bill, said it was the "obligation of the state of Maryland to nip this in the bud."

Gordon said the cigarettes, most of which are imported from Indonesia, have been implicated in at least 12 cases of severe lung infections and one death nationwide between March 1984 and March 1985.

About 70,000 packs of the aromatic cigarettes, which are about 60 percent tobacco and 40 percent cloves, were sold in Maryland in 1985, he said. The cost of a 10-cigarette pack ranges from $1.35 to $2 depending on brand.

New Mexico, Nevada and Florida have banned the sale of clove cigarettes, but the law was ruled unconstitutional in Florida. California, where the fad of smoking the exotic cigarettes began a couple years ago, has appointed a state panel of scientific experts to study the issue. Taping of Assembly Hearings Proposed

Proceedings of the Maryland General Assembly should be tape recorded for historical purposes and to help prosecute people who lie to lawmakers, Sen. Howard Denis (R-Montgomery) contends. He has introduced a bill that would require the recording of Senate and House proceedings, as well as oral testimony before standing committees.

"Since we have been burned so badly by false statements that have been made, we need a way of documentation," said Denis, referring to Special Counsel Wilbur Preston's report finding that state regulators and thrift officials withheld information to lawmakers and understated the problems in the thrift industry.

The Montgomery County Republican said many county and city councils currently record their meetings, but the state Legislature continues to rely on the notes of individual lawmakers and reporters.

Denis also introduced his recording plan as an amendment to a bill, sponsored by Sen. Leo Green (D-Baltimore) that would make it illegal to lie to the legislature and its committees.

Green has introduced the measure every year since 1974, but said this is the first year it stands a good chance of passing the General Assembly due to the "catalyst of the savings and loan crisis." The bill was already approved by a Senate panel earlier this week. Farmer Becomes Lobbyist

In some ways, Emery Hertelendy of Easton is an unlikely lobbyist for a bill to keep oversized farm equipment off Maryland roads unless it has liability insurance and is accompanied by a warning vehicle.

Hertelendy is a farmer himself. He's been a member of the Talbot County Farm Bureau for 20 years.

But his wife was seriously injured when she drove into an oversized tractor and plow on a public road in 1984, and he wants to make sure such an accident never happens again.

His proposed remedy is to require farmers to carry liability insurance for any piece of oversized equipment moved on public roads. Also, farmers would have to drive a warning vehicle in front of the equipment on the roads.

The bill has pitted Hertelendy against his neighbors and fellow farmers. The bill is opposed by the Farm Bureau. Hertelendy could not get his local legislators to introduce it last year, so as a former Montgomery County resident, he appealed to Sen. Howard A. Denis (D-Montgomery), and Denis introduced it this year.