James Edward Moore, 83, a retired Army general who from 1959 to 1963 was chief of staff at Supreme Headquarters, Allied Powers in Europe, died of respiratory arrest Jan. 28 at Walter Reed Hospital.

Gen. Moore, an infantry officer, spent much of his career as a staff officer. During World War II, he served as chief of staff of the 30th Division, XII Corps, and of the Ninth Army.

The Ninth Army, which was commanded by Gen. William H. Simpson, took part in the campaigns in Northern Europe from Normandy to Germany and Central Europe. Gen. Moore was chief of staff throughout this period.

After the war, Gen. Moore accompanied Simpson on a mission to China on behalf of Gen. George C. Marshall, the Army chief of staff, and returned to the United States late in 1945. Gen. Moore later commanded the 10th Infantry Division at Fort Riley, Kan. From 1953 to 1955, he was commandant of the Army War College.

For the next three years, Gen. Moore was the Army commander on Okinawa and high commissioner of the Ryukyu Islands, which have since been returned to Japan. In 1958 and 1959, he was deputy chief of staff of the Army for operations.

He then went to Paris as chief of staff at SHAPE, the military headquarters of NATO, under the command of Air Force Gen. Lauris Norstad. While there Gen. Moore was promoted to the rank of full general.

He retired from the Army in 1963 at the end of his service at SHAPE. Since then he had lived in Arlington. From 1963 to 1969 he was a member of the research council of the Research Analysis Corp.

Gen. Moore's military decorations included two Distinguished Service Medals, three Legions of Merit, the Bronze Star Medal and numerous foreign honors.

Gen. Moore was born in New Bedford, Mass. He graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in 1924. Before World War II he was assigned to posts in this country, the Philippines and China.

His first wife, Mildred Moore, died in 1976.

Survivors include his wife, Anne Moore of Arlington; three children of his first marriage, Patricia Shanahan of Mount Vernon, Army Lt. Gen. James E. Moore Jr., the U.S. commander in South Korea, and Mary Sloan of Arlington; two stepchildren, Army Col. Frank W. Farrell Jr. of Atlanta, and Mary Farrell Jackson of Florence, S.C.; one brother, Carroll C. Moore of Watertown, Mass.; 16 grandchildren, six stepgrandchildren, and five great-grandchildren.