Women, who make up 41 percent of the federal government's work force, would be hit especially hard by President Reagan's proposed budget, the organization Federally Employed Women contends.

Because women are concentrated in the government's eight lowest pay grades, FEW President Marie Argana said, they would suffer the most from White House proposals to limit federal pay raises to 3 percent during each of the next three years.

In addition, Argana said, the plan to reduce future cost-of-living adjustments for federal retirees would place many women who are on federal pensions below the poverty level. Argana said the average federal pension for women is $8,000 a year, compared with more than $12,000 a year for male retirees.

The president is proposing to skip the 1987 raise that is due retirees (just as the 1986 increase was frozen by the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings amendment to the Deficit Reduction Act), and to limit future retiree raises to 2 percentage points below the actual rise in inflation.

The FEW president said the budget, which calls for job cuts in most nondefense agencies, could mean layoffs for many women. Argana said women who have recently been promoted to middle- and upper-level jobs are "vulnerable to being riffed fired or demoted first. Furthermore, many of the job categories where women predominate are functions that the government is contracting out to the private sector." Long Shot

Reps. Michael Barnes (D-Md.) and Vic Fazio (D-Calif.) have written to Senate Finance Committee Chairman Bob Packwood (R-Ore.) asking him to restore the 1986 cost-of-living adjustment for federal and military retirees as part of the Senate's tax reform bill. What Vote?

Washington political humorist Robert Orben is having a field day cranking out one-liners on the subject of budget cuts. One of his latest: "It's fascinating how many politicians voted for the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings amendment and now nobody wants to be identified with it. Last week Congress sent out for 535 ski masks and a copy of 'Amnesia Self-Taught.'" Job Mart

The Library of Congress is looking for six computer programmers, Grade 7 through 12, systems analysts, GS 12/13, a systems programmer, GS 11/12, secretary-steno, GS 8 and a secretary (typing), GS 7. Call 287-9675.

The Panama Canal Commission wants a secretary (typing) GS 6/7. Call Virginia Allen on 634-6441.

The National Transportation Safety Board is looking for an editor, GS 9/12, and secretaries at the GS 5 through 7 level. Call Thelma Brown at 382-6720.

The Alaska Power Administration has an opening here for a GS 7 secretary. Call (404) 283-3261.

Navy has an opening in Arlington for a clerk-typist, GS 2/3/4. Call Karen Stierer at 696-4981. People

The Federal Railroad Administration's Elouise J. Embry will retire next month. More than half of her 30-year career has been spent with FRA. You Win, You Lose!

The American Postal Workers Union has advised candidates for the elected post of assistant director of its health plan that the position isn't the greatest in terms of job security. One of the resolutions the union will take up at its August convention in San Francisco would eliminate the job to save money.