Alfred L. Sweeney, 66, a retired public affairs director of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission who also was a columnist for the Washington Afro American newspaper, died June 14 at his home in Silver Spring. He had a heart ailment.

Mr. Sweeney was born in Cleveland. He graduated from Wilberforce University and then returned to Cleveland, where he was a newspaper reporter. He served briefly in the Navy during World War II.

He moved to Washington in 1942 and for the rest of the war worked for the Office of Price Administration. He also wrote for the old Washington Tribune, which is now part of the Washington Afro American. When the war ended he worked for the General Accounting Office until about 1947, when he turned to newspaper work full time.

From 1951 to 1965, Mr. Sweeney lived in Cleveland and was the city editor and the news editor of the Cleveland Call Post, a black-oriented newspaper.

In 1965 he returned here and joined the EEOC as an information officer. From 1967 to 1974, he was deputy assistant director of public affairs at the Department of Transportation. From 1974 to 1977, he was director of public affairs at the EEOC.

In 1978, Mr. Sweeney went to the Department of Agriculture. He remained there until 1981, when he returned to the EEOC and again became director of public affairs. He retired in 1984.

From 1965 until his death, Mr. Sweeney wrote a weekly column for the Washington Afro American.

He received honors for his work from the Capital Press Club and the National Newspaper Publishers Association.

Mr. Sweeney was a founding member and past president of the Capital Press Club, a life member of the NAACP and a member of the Public Relations Society of America, the National Press Club and the National Urban League.

His wife, Norma J. Sweeney, died in 1978. Survivors include one daughter, Sheila Sweeney of Silver Spring, and two brothers, James L., of Dayton, Ohio, and John H., of Cleveland.