RICHMOND -- Virginia's predominantly white four-year colleges, under pressure from the federal government to recruit more minority professors, reported a net gain of 12 black teachers in the last academic year, Secretary of Education Dr. Donald J. Finley said recently.

The 13 traditionally white colleges had 207 black faculty members, or 1.7 percent of the 12,000 full-time teachers.

George Mason University added eight black faculty members and Old Dominion University, four. Losses or gains of one or two were noted at some other schools.

Virginia Commonwealth University employed the most black faculty members, 50, the same number as in 1985-86. VCU and four other schools accounted for 182 of the 207 blacks on the faculty rolls. The four others were GMU, 38; ODU, 32; the University of Virginia, 27, and Virginia Tech, 35.

The state's two-year colleges employed 124 black teachers, three fewer than the year before. Five of the 24 two-year colleges still had no black teachers this last year. Ten had one or two black teachers.

The two-year colleges had 88 black administrators, a gain of three over the previous year. The traditionally white senior institutions had 113 black administrators, 13 more than the year before.

Finley will report the figures to the U.S. Office of Civil Rights, which is monitoring progress in desegregating Virginia's higher education system.

Finley reported that black enrollment climbed a little less than 4 percent in the last year, while white enrollment increased slightly more than 4 percent.