A coalition of feminist groups, most of them Roman Catholic but none recognized by the church, announced plans yesterday to protest the church's stance on a variety of women's issues in connection with Pope John Paul II's September visit to this country.

"We are pleased the pope is coming to the United States," said Frances Kissling, head of Catholics for a Free Choice, at a news conference detailing the campaign. "He has mobilized women to join together . . . to struggle against Vatican attempts to oppress all women, Catholic and non-Catholic alike."

Calling itself the Papal Visit Coalition, the group has scheduled five "nonviolent" demonstrations outside the Vatican Embassy at 34th Street and Massachusetts Avenue NW, from Aug. 26 to Sept. 9. The pope will begin his 10-day, nine-city tour, largely through the South and West, in Miami on Sept. 10.

The protests will focus on the issues on which the coalition is at odds with church teaching, leaders said: women's ordination, gay and lesbian rights, the Equal Rights Amendment and reproductive rights.

Other demonstrations, with protest signs in English, Spanish and Polish, are planned for sites the pope will visit across the country, said Ruth Fitzpatrick, national coordinator for the Women's Ordination Conference.

Robert Wonderly, a spokesman for the American hierarchy, said that there was no immediate response to the protest plans.

Eleanor Smeal, immediate past president of the National Organization for Women, said members of that group "will speak out at each city the pope visits on how the Vatican violates women's rights."

"The church fights against affirmative action and an equal position for women in both church and the secular society," Smeal charged, citing the American bishops' refusal to support the Equal Rights Amendment.

She also criticized efforts by the American hierarchy to get church exemptions written into the Civil Rights Act.

The bishops "are trying to prevent equal rights under the law for American women," she said. "It's bad enough women are second-class in the church. That they are trying to perpetuate that into civil law is outrageous."

Deploring the low salaries paid to nuns who staff parochial schools and other church institutions, Smeal accused church leaders of "balancing the church's budget on the backs of women . . . . {The bishops} should be setting an example by seeking out ways to increase affirmative action and helping women get equal pay and equal opportunity."

Sue Hyde of the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force denounced Pope John Paul's pastoral letter last October that said homosexuals were "objectively disordered." Pledging protests by gay and lesbian groups all across the country, she said, "No church, no state, no police force, no program of extermination will make us disappear."

Kissling linked Catholic opposition to abortion and artificial birth control to the half-million women worldwide that she said die annually "from pregnancy-related conditions," including "septic, illegal abortions" and "inadequate birth spacing."

Kissling said the coalition would encourage and coordinate feminist demonstrations around the country. "We think if Jesus Christ were alive he would be with us at the Vatican Embassy" protests, she said.