77, an Italian art historian who championed modernism and fought fascism during World War II and who had been president of the International University of Art in Florence since it was founded in 1968, died Aug. 2 in Florence. The cause of death was not reported.

He collaborated with Benedetto Croce, the Italian philosopher and critic, and in 1935 founded "Critica d'Arte," a magazine promoting avant-garde art. At the beginning of World War II, he was fired from his teaching position at the University of Pisa for refusing to join the Fascist Party.

He became a leader of the Tuscan resistance and was a founder of the underground antifascist Action Party, which fought for the Allied liberation of Italy. After the war, Mr. Ragghianti was elected to the Italian Parliament and served as state secretary for the arts.


70,who appeared in more than 200 theatrical and television movies in a career of more than 40 years, including the role of one of Charlie Chan's sons and who also had been a regular on television's "Kung Fu," died Aug. 1 at a hospital in Los Angeles after a stroke.

He had appeared in such films as "Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo" and "Keys of the Kingdom," both in 1944, "The Flower Drum Song" in 1961, "Our Man Flint" in 1965, and "The Strongest Man in the World" in 1976. In the 1970s he played the Old One in "Kung Fu," the martial-arts western with David Carradine.


68, who spent 42 years with The Daily Mail in Hagerstown, Md., until retiring as managing editor in 1983, died Aug. 3 at a hospital in Hagerstown. The cause of death was not reported.

As a reporter, he had covered Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas on his annual walks on the C&O Canal. They made the walk together for 15 years.