SANTA MONICA, CALIF. -- Clarence Brown, 97, a movie director who was a six-time Academy Award nominee and whose works of the 1930s and 1940s featured many of Hollywood's greatest stars, died of kidney failure Aug. 17 at a Santa Monica hospital.
His six nominations for best director ranks him among the most honored directors in Hollywood history. Only Billy Wilder, with 12 nominations, and Frank Capra, with six, met or surpassed his total.
Mr. Brown's 1927 film, "Flesh and the Devil," launched the career of Swedish actress Greta Garbo, with whom he collaborated on six more movies. His "National Velvet," in 1944, and "The Yearling," in 1946, were among his best known films. He also was nominated for best director for "Anna Christie" and "Romance" in 1930, "A Free Soul" in 1931, and "The Human Comedy" in 1943.
His directing career spanned 40 years and included a 27-year stint at MGM Studios, after which he retired in 1953. Although he won no Oscars, his 52 films produced nine Oscar winners and 35 Academy Award nominations for acting and technical achievements. He won the British Academy Award for "Intruder in the Dust," an adaptation of the William Faulkner novel.
Mr. Brown was a 1910 graduate of the University of Tennessee, where he earned bachelor's degrees in electrical and mechanical engineering. After a brief stint as an automobile dealer, he launched his Hollywood career under the guidance of French silent-film director Maurice Tourneur. Mr. Brown's first directing effort was "The Great Redeemer" in 1920.
EDMUND E. NOVOTNY, 68, a retired Air Force lieutenant colonel who later worked for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, died at Fairfax Hospital Aug. 14 of spinal injuries received in a fall at his home in Camp Springs.
Col. Novotny was born in Bridgeport, Conn. He was a pilot in the old Army Air Forces in World War II. Assigned to the Air Transport Command, he helped shuttle bombers from Brazil to Africa and England.
After the war, he earned a bachelor's degree in aeronautical engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology. He worked for the McDonald aircraft company until he was called to active duty as an Air National Guard officer during the Korean war. He served in Korea and decided to make the Air Force his career.
Col. Novotny was stationed at Andrews Air Force Base when he retired in 1967. His military decorations included the Bronze Star and the Air Force Commendation Medal.
After leaving the Air Force, Col. Novotny worked for Boeing and NASA, from which he retired about 1973.
He was a member of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, the Disabled American Veterans and the Cousteau Society, and he subscribed to the National Symphony Orchestra.
Survivors include his wife, Peggy S. Novotny of Camp Springs; three children, Charles W. Novotny of Ashton, Louise Novotny Vernetti of Silver Spring and Elizabeth Paukstitus of Calverton, and three sisters, Leila Erskine of Santa Rosa, Calif., Doris Beaubien of Simcoe, Ontario, and Barbara Barnett of Croton-on-Hudson, N.Y.
MARVIN KORNBLUH, 60, a specialist in information sciences for the Congressional Research Service at the Library of Congress, died Aug. 15 at Suburban Hospital after a heart attack.
Mr. Kornbluh, a resident of Bethesda, was born in Brooklyn, N.Y. He served in the Navy during World War II and later graduated from Columbia University. He received a master's degree in psychology from New York University.
He had lived in the Washington area since 1957, and before joining the Congressional Research Service 13 years ago, he was a systems analyst with a military research group at the Pentagon, the operator of his own management training business and an assistant to Joseph B. Danzansky, the late president of Giant Food.
He also taught courses in management and information systems at the University of Maryland, and he was the author of a book, "How to Manage Financial Systems."
Survivors include his wife of 34 years, Isadora Kornbluh of Bethesda, and two daughters, Lisa Ellen Kornbluh of Bethesda and Beth Renee Kornbluh of Silver Spring.
HARRY L. WEISMAN, 80, a retired merchandise manager for the Hecht Co. department stores and a past president of the National Retail Merchant's Association, died of congestive heart failure Aug. 14 at Mount Sinai Hospital in Miami Beach.
Mr. Weisman, a resident of Washington for more than 40 years, was born in Pittsburgh, and he graduated from the University of Pittsburgh. He moved to the Washington area in 1940 to join the Hecht Co. He remained with the company until 1960, when he left to devote his time to real estate investments.
He was a past president of the Amity Club of Washington and a member of the Washington Hebrew Congregation and the Woodmont Country Club.
Mr. Weisman moved to Miami Beach in 1982.
Survivors include his wife, Dorothy Weisman of Miami Beach; four children, David Weisman and Barbara Berman, both of Takoma Park, Raymond Weisman of Kensington and Edgar Weisman of Los Angeles; one sister, Leah Weisman of New York City; two brothers, Leonard Weisman of Crystal River, Fla., and Sidney Weisman of West Caldwell, N.J., and 10 grandchildren.
THE REV. JAMES M. COONEY, 56, who served as pastor of St. Michael's Catholic Church in Ridge, Md., for 13 years before he retired earlier this year because of ill health, died of cancer Aug. 16 at Holy Cross Hospital.
Father Cooney was born in New York City and attended Glenmary Missionaries in Glendale, Ohio, St. Gregory's College in Cincinnati and St. Mary's of the West in Norwood, Ohio.
He studied for the priesthood at St. Mary's Seminary in Baltimore where he earned bachelor's and master's degrees in sacred theology, and he was ordained at St. Matthew's Cathedral in Washington in 1957.
Before he became pastor at St. Michael's, he was an associate at St. Pius X in Bowie, St. Michael's in Silver Spring, St. John the Baptist in Silver Spring, St. Ambrose in Cheverly, St. John the Baptist de la Salle in Chillum, St. Mathias in Lanham and St. Camillus in Silver Spring.
Survivors include one sister, Margaret M. Cooney of Dewey Beach, Del., and one brother, Jeremiah P. Cooney of New York City.