A federal judge ruled yesterday that a man who smashed the National Archives display case holding the U.S. Constitution is mentally ill, clearing the way for officials to move him from "a city that lives and breathes politics."

Psychiatrists told U.S. District Judge Thomas Flannery that Randall Husar, 37, believes he is being harassed by the Republican Party and recommended that he be transferred from a mental institution in Washington.

"Husar believes the Republicans have a conspiracy against him and that they are broadcasting messages to him {through automobile radios}," said Dr. John Kelley, a psychiatrist in the forensic division of St. Elizabeths Hospital.

Husar, who has a history of mental illness, came to Washington from Colorado and last October hammered the glass case in the National Archives that holds the U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights.

The documents were not damaged, but Husar was tried for willful destruction to government property. He was committed to St. Elizabeths after being found not guilty by reason of insanity in U.S. District Court.

In the hearing yesterday, Flannery found that Husar was "actively psychotic despite medication," clearing the way for the attorney general's office to take custody of Husar.

The attorney general will decide if Husar will remain in St. Elizabeths or be moved to a similar facility in Colorado.

Dr. Robert Madsen, a psychiatrist who testified for the defense, recommended that Husar be transferred to a Colorado mental institution.

"His continued close approximation to all things Republican does not serve society well here," he said. "{In} a city that lives and breathes politics, the Republican administration continues to remind him of the seed of his delusion."