The number of Defense Department civilian workers in Europe, Uncle Sam's biggest overseas employer, rose 14,000, or about 14 percent, from 1982 to 1986, reflecting a steady growth in U.S. ground and naval forces stationed on or around the continent as well as an increased number of American military dependents there.
During that period, the Defense Department's European civilian payroll rose to about $1.6 billion a year, reflecting some decreases in payroll costs for foreign nationals, but a rise of 30 to 40 percent in the payroll for U.S. citizen employes.
Defense in 1986 had 109,000 civilian employes in Europe, about 38,000 of them U.S. citizens. Its European work force is bigger than the State Department's work force of 25,000 U.S. citizen employes worldwide.
Most Defense civilian jobs are held by foreign nationals, the majority of whom are West Germans. But the big increase in the four-year period was in U.S. citizen employes, whose numbers increased 37 percent.
Most of the Americans hired were military personnel dependents who got secretarial or clerical work. There also was a 17 percent increase in employment in the Defense Department's dependents schools to about 9,200 employes, including 6,800 in West Germany and the remainder in the United Kingdom, Italy, Turkey and The Netherlands. About 6,400 of the employes were U.S. citizens.
Meanwhile, the dependents' schools enrollment was up 14 percent, or about 14,000 students.
The Army, Navy and Air Force all reported increases in married personnel serving in Europe, and also that the military families were having more children, which in turn caused the increase in hiring for dependents' schools.
Earlier this year the Senate, alarmed by reports of an even bigger buildup in employes and their payroll, asked the General Accounting Office to do a headcount. GAO reported that Defense's civilian figures were high, and that Army had overestimated its hiring by 5,900.
During 1982-86, most of the new hires were clerical, secretarial or security, or for jobs related to care for military dependents.
Army's civilian staff in Europe was up 14 percent; Air Force rose 15 percent, and Navy, 12 percent. Most of the employes were secretaries, supply clerks, clerk-typists, computer specialists and management analysts. About 23,000 of its 78,000 workers were U.S. citizens, and about 44 percent of the new employes were Americans, mostly military dependents.
The Air Force said most of its new European jobs went to secretaries, storekeepers and warehouse workers, clerks and housing managers. About 4,700 of the Air Force's 16,000 workers were U.S. citizens.
Navy said most of its civilian buildup was in security guards, family service center personnel, counselors, procurement and contracting. Navy has 4,500 civilian workers, about 1,200 of them Americans.Job Mart
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