76, a Soviet writer who won the Stalin Prize, the Soviet Union's highest literary award, before emigrating to the West to denounce Communist rule, died of cancer Sept. 3 at a private clinic in the Paris suburb of Gentilly.

He won the Stalin Prize for his first book, the 1947 novel "In the Trenches of Stalingrad," distilled from his experience as a Red Army officer in World War II. It won the prize on the personal intervention of Stalin despite the author's irreverent tone and refusal to stick to guidelines laid down by the Communist Party. Nikita Khrushchev later denounced him over his 1962 book of travels, "Both Sides of the Ocean."

He criticized the 1968 Soviet intervention in Czechoslovakia and supported persecuted writer Alexander Solzhenitsyn. Expelled from the Communist Party and the Writers Union, he emigrated in 1974, and was stripped of Soviet nationality in 1979.


93, a pioneer of modern ice cream manufacturing who had served on the board of Eastern Air Lines and was a founding director of the Federal Reserve branch in Jacksonville, Fla., died Aug. 31 at his home in Jacksonville. The cause of death was not reported.

He began working in the dairy business in his native Pennsylvania before World War I. He began using industrial refrigeration techniques to freeze ice cream at a plant, considered the first of its kind in the nation, in 1930. The next year, he was approached by department store founder J.C. Penney, who persuaded him to direct an ice cream and dairy operation in Florida.

During the years in which Reinhold was chief executive of Foremost Dairy, the company grew from a small operation serving several southeastern states into an international conglomerate. By 1955, Foremost was the third-largest dairy company in the world and registered sales of $400 million. It merged with Beatrice dairies.


78, a historian and classics professor who was awarded a $375,000 MacArthur Foundation fellowship three months ago, died Sept. 1 at a hospital in London. The cause of death was not reported.

He had been a visiting professor of classics and history at the University of Chicago for the past 12 years. He began his career in 1932, teaching Greek, Roman and Jewish history at the Universities of Rome and Turin. Forced to leave Italy in the late 1930s, he taught ancient history at University College in London for 23 years.


61, a composer who was a leader of American avant-garde music whose works were characterized by extremely low dynamic levels and slow evolution of form in which silence often assumed equal importance with musical sounds, died of cancer Sept. 3 at a hospital in Buffalo.

Among his innovations were the concept of indeterminacy, in which only approximations of a pitch and instrumentation are indicated, and graphic notation, which occasionally replaced the conventional system of notes on a musical staff as an indication of musical progress.


73, whose memoirs dealing with his career as head of Rhodesian counterintelligence during the former British colony's 15-year rebellion against the crown is scheduled for publication in London later this month, died Sept. 2 in Harare, Zimbabwe, after a heart attack.

A native of Cornwall, England, he came to Rhodesia in 1937 to join the country's police force. After Zimbabwean independence in 1980, he was asked by Prime Minister Robert Mugabe to stay and help form the new administration's intelligence service. He remained an adviser to the Mugabe government until his death.