75, who steadfastly rejected South African attempts to make his tribal homeland of Lebowa an independent nation, died Oct. 7 at a hospital in Pretoria. He had cancer and diabetes.

He had been chief minister for 14 years in the northeastern homeland for the North Sotho people. The homeland, made up of six sections each surrounded by South Africa, has a population of more than 1.8 million spread over 10,000 square miles. In the past year, it has had severe financial problems and frequent violence between antiapartheid groups and police.

A teacher by training, Phatudi became Lebowa's first minister of education and culture in 1972, three years after it was designated a self-governing state. He became chief minister in 1973. He had translated several Shakespeare plays and Daniel Defoe's "Robinson Crusoe" into the North Sotho language.


74, a film director and writer who won an Academy Award for writing "Pillow Talk," a 1959 comedy starring Rock Hudson and Doris Day, and who was nominated for an Oscar for his direction of "The Well," a 1951 study of small-town racial violence, died Oct. 2 in Santa Monica, Calif., after a heart attack.

He also wrote the screenplay for the 1950 film "D.O.A.," about a poisoned man searching for his murderer as he slowly succumbs. His other directing credits included the 1966 film "The Oscar."


75, a tenor with an exceptionally high voice whose vocal harmonies as the lead singer of the Red Caps wowed audiences for three decades and helped set the stage for today's rhythm and blues groups with such songs as "Blueberry Hill" and "I Learned a Lesson," died Oct. 4 in Philadelphia. The cause of death was not reported.

As a teen-ager, he formed the Dixie Cotton Pickers, who performed Mills Brothers tunes on the radio and toured with Gene Autry. In the late 1930s, his group moved to California, where it was known as the Jones Boys and the Four Toppers. They appeared in many films, including "Mystery in Swing" and "Hollywood Handicap." The band later moved to New York, changed its name and began performing in nightclubs.


65, an actress-singer who was a popular nightclub personality and Broadway and television performer for more than two decades, died Oct. 1 at a hospital in Los Angeles. The cause of death was not reported.

Miss Colby replaced Janis Paige on Broadway in "Pajama Game" in the 1950s and appeared on television in "Broadway Open House," the "Doodles Weaver Show" and "The Henny and Rocky Show," featuring Henny Youngman and Rocky Graziano.


86, who became a painter after a 20-year career as a lawyer and who was once dubbed "the Brooklyn-born Gauguin," died Oct. 3 in Miami Beach. The cause of death was not reported.

His break came when he won a prize at a 1942 exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. In 1947, his work was part of a collection called "Advancing American Art," which was condemned by a congressional committee as radical and communist. The exhibit led to Mr. Kleinholz losing his teaching position at Hofstra University.


58, chairman and chief executive officer of the Singer Co. who helped transform the company from a sewing-machine manufacturer into a leading aerospace and electronics concern, died Oct. 7 at a hospital near his home in Greenwich, Conn. The cause of death was not reported.

Under Mr. Flavin, Singer concentrated on aerospace electronics, which accounts for more than 80 percent of the company revenue. In 1980, Singer shut its last U.S. sewing machine plant in Elizabeth, N.J.