82, who helped push through the nation's first state law prohibiting smoking in public places and is credited with creating the sign, "Thank You for Not Smoking," died Oct. 15 at a hospital in Scottsdale, Ariz. The cause of death was not reported.
Mrs. Carnes was the chief lobbying force behind a 1973 Arizona nonsmoking law that became a model for similar statutes in other states. Her first success in fighting smoking came two years earlier when she helped persuade American Airlines to become the first air carrier to establish a nonsmoking section.
Mrs. Carnes was a native of Washington. An ornithologist, she had served as president of the Audubon Society. She was a member of the American Ornithologists Union and she represented the United States at the International Ornithological Congress in 1950, 1954 and 1958.
ROBERT M. HILL,
59, a judge on the 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in New Orleans since 1984, died of an asthma attack Oct. 19 while on board a flight returning to the United States from a vacation in Kenya. His flight was diverted to Iceland after his attack.
Judge Hill was a native of Dallas and a graduate of the University of Texas and its law school. He practiced law in Dallas until 1970, when he was appointed to the U.S. District Court for the North Texas District. He served there until his appointment to the Court of Appeals.
CARDINAL JOSEPH HOEFFNER,
80, a steadfast advocate of traditional Roman Catholic doctrine and a critic of nuclear energy, who was elected head of the West German Bishops Conference in 1976 and 1982, died Oct. 16 in Cologne. He had a brain tumor.
Cardinal Hoeffner, who also had served as bishop of Muenster, stepped down in September as archbishop of Cologne and from his Bishops Conference post, citing ill health. He took over the Cologne Archdiocese in 1969.
71, a professor emeritus of history at Yale University who was an authority on the history of German foreign policy, died of cancer Oct. 11 at a hospital in New Haven, Conn.
Dr. Gatzke was the author of numerous scholarly works, the most recent being "Germany and the United States: A Special Relationship?," which was published in 1980 by the Harvard University Press. Dr. Gatzke taught at Johns Hopkins University from 1947 to 1964, and then at Yale until retiring last year.
JOHN DANIEL HULL JR.,
87, who worked for the U.S. Office of Education in Washington from 1947 to 1964, died Oct. 13 at a hospital in Springfield, Mo. He had pneumonia and a heart ailment.
Dr. Hull was chief of secondary schools from 1952 to 1955, then served as instructional services director until retiring in 1964.
LOUIS C. MIRIANI,
90, who as Detroit mayor from 1957 to 1961 helped expand urban renewal and construction programs, died Oct. 18 in a hospital in Pontiac, Mich. The cause of death was not reported.
Mr. Miriani retired from politics in 1969 after a federal income tax conviction in 1968. He served almost 10 months in prison. He was first elected to the Detroit City Council in 1947; later served eight years as council president, and became mayor on the death of Albert E. Cobo in 1957. He was defeated in the 1961 mayoral election, but was reelected to the City Council in 1965.
WILLIAM GILCHRIST MEEK,
79, whose famous graphic designs included Reddy Kilowatt and the famous VJ Day poster showing the "rising sun" sinking in the sea, died Oct. 20 at a rehabilitation center in Syracuse, N.Y. The cause of death was not reported.
A graphics designer and typographer, Mr. Meek was director of the Office of War Information in Cairo during World War II. He also designed the minuteman poster used to sell war bonds and the Victory In Europe (VE) poster showing the Nazi swastika crumbling. In later years, he created "Reddy Kilowatt," which was used extensively in electric power company advertising.
GEN. HO YING-CHIN,
97, a former defense minister of the Republic of China who as commander-in-chief of Nationalist China's armed forces, accepted Japan's surrender in World War II, died of heart and lung failure Oct. 20 at a hospital in Taipei.
Gen. Ho, who accepted Japan's surrender in Nanjing in southeastern China, on Sept. 9, 1945, was among about a dozen four-star generals who fled with Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek and his followers to Taiwan in 1949, after losing a civil war to the communists on China's mainland. He was Taiwan's defense minister from 1949 to 1958, and also president of the Red Cross Society in Taiwan.