78, the retired Roman Catholic bishop of Bilbao, Spain, who sparked a church-state crisis after confronting the late dictator Francisco Franco over Basque rights, died of Parkinson's disease and a lung ailment Oct. 24 at a hospital in Bilbao.

He infuriated Franco by calling for Basque regional rights in 1974, a few months after Basque guerrillas killed Prime Minister Luis Carrero Blanco. Placed under house arrest, the bishop later turned down Franco's offer to allow him to leave the country.

The Spanish Episcopal Conference let it be known that members of the government and even Franco could suffer excommunication for acting against ecclesiastical authority. The crisis ended when Spanish bishops issued a statement that Bishop Anoveros had not meant to attack Spain's national unity.


68, an actor who portrayed broad-shouldered toughs and husky-voiced detectives in dozens of French films and who was best known for his role as the police investigator in the award-winning 1981 film "Garde a Vue," died Oct. 22 at his home in St. Cloud, a suburb of Paris, after a heart attack.

Premier Jacques Chirac said in a statement: "Lino Ventura was certainly, above all, a great popular star of French cinema. He was also generous and faithful in friendship, and devoted himself to important causes. His sudden death saddens me deeply." Mr. Ventura and his wife Odette had one son and three daughters, one of whom was mentally retarded. The couple established the foundation Perce-Neige to raise money to help retarded children.


82, the inventor of the glass coffee pot who held 16 patents for tea and coffee brewing and dispensing equipment, died Oct. 24 at a hospital in Culver City, Calif., after a heart attack.

About 1930, Mr. Curtis joined the Silex company, which made coffee-makers and later became Proctor-Silex Inc., becoming a salesman in California. He designed the all-glass coffee pot in 1940, and in 1941 started the Wilbur Curtis Co. in Los Angeles to make the plastic-handled device. He later founded the Kona Coffee Co. in Hawaii.


77, whose illustrations appeared in The Saturday Evening Post from 1933 to 1963 and whose work included the illustrations that appeared with C.S. Forester's "Hornblower" stories, died of cancer Oct. 19 at a hospital in Sarasota, Fla.

Along with Norman Rockwell and several other artists, Mr. Stahl founded the Famous Artists' School, a correspondence program based in Westport, Conn. A 26-week instructional series he developed, "Journey Into Art," was shown on public television.