David J. Brandenburg, 67, a retired history professor at American University and former chairman of its history department, died of heart ailments Oct. 24 at his home in Mijas, Spain.

Dr. Brandenburg joined the faculty at AU in 1948 and retired in 1982. He was chairman of the history department from 1967 to 1977. He also had been a visiting professor at Hood College in Frederick, Md., and at Washington State University in Pullman.

A specialist in France and the history of French agriculture, Dr. Brandenburg received a Fulbright Fellowship and a Washington Evening Star grant to study in France in 1959 and he also studied there in 1966 and 1967.

He completed a translation of the eight volumes of diaries written by the Frenchman Rochefoucauld-Liancourt during his travels in the United States from 1795 to 1797. He also had published a number of articles on France and he was one of the authors of "European History in a World Perspective," a textbook.

Dr. Brandenburg, who lived in Washington until moving to Spain after his retirement, was a member of the Ward Three Democratic Committee, the American Historical Association and the vestry of St. Alban's Episcopal Church.

His wife, the former Millicent Louise Harcourt, whom he married in 1944, died in 1984. Survivors include three children, Guy F. Brandenburg of Washington, John G. Brandenburg of Columbia, Md., and A. Rosemary Brandenburg of Los Angeles, and four grandchildren.

NORMAN L. FOWLER, 57, a history teacher at McLean High School for the past 28 years and a member of the board of directors of the Fairfax Education Association, died of heart ailments Oct. 25 at D.C. General Hospital.

He was stricken in the parking lot of Robert F. Kennedy Stadium, where he was attending the Redskins football game.

Mr. Fowler, who lived in Falls Church, was born in Bloomsburg, Pa. He served in the Air Force in the early 1950s and was stationed in Germany. He graduated from Bloomsburg State College in 1958 and moved to the Washington area to begin his career in the Fairfax County schools. He joined the faculty of McLean High two years later.

In 1962, he received a master's degree in education from George Washington University.

Mr. Fowler was a life member of the National Education Association.

Survivors include his wife, Alice Fowler of Falls Church; two children, Karen Fowler of Harrisonburg, Va., and Howard Fowler of Falls Church; one brother, Robert Fowler of Austria, and one sister, Nancy Noll of Bainbridge, Pa.

GLORIA H. STANLEY, 66, a retired teacher and librarian in the Prince George's County school system who spent most of her career at Langley-McCormick Elementary School in Langley Park, died of lung ailments Oct. 23 at Holy Cross Hospital.

Mrs. Stanley, a resident of Langley Park, was born in Ravenna, Ohio. She graduated from Hiram College and took graduate courses in drama at Catholic University. As a young woman she held a private pilot's license.

Mrs. Stanley was a Navy WAVE during World War II and it was during the war that she moved to the Washington area. In the late 1940s she worked for the Hecht Co. department store. She began her career with the Prince George's schools in the late 1950s and she taught at Carroll Highlands Elementary as well as at Langley McCormick. She retired in 1985.

Her marriage to Richard J. Stanley ended in divorce.

Survivors include three children, Bruce A. Stanley of Hershey, Pa., Brian R. Stanley of Phoenix, and Kerry D. Stanley of Medford Lakes, N.J., and her stepmother, Bernice Bennett Heisler of Fairview, N.C.

EDITH C. GALIANI, 84, who retired in 1986 as a vice president of the family business, Clarendon Optical Co., which she helped found in 1945, died of cancer Oct. 25 at Arlington Hospital. She lived in Arlington.

Mrs. Galiani was a native of Clyde, N.Y., and a graduate of the old Geneseo Normal School in New York State. She also attended Columbia University and taught school in Albany, N.Y., before moving here in 1939. She then taught for a year at Thomson Elementary School in Washington.

She was a member of the St. Agnes Catholic Church in Arlington.

Survivors include her husband of 51 years, Alfred E. Galiani of Arlington; one son, Alfred John Galiani of McLean; one brother, John R. Canolesio, and one sister, Alice Hilfiker, both of Clyde, and four grandchildren.