Henry Bascom Collins, 88, a retired Smithsonian Institution anthropologist and an expert on the early history of the Eskimos of North America and Greenland, died Oct. 21 at a hospital in Campbelltown, Pa., of injuries suffered in a fall at a nursing home that day.

Dr. Collins was best known for his archeological work that provided the first conclusive evidence that the Eskimos had migrated to Alaska across the Bering Strait from Siberia.

That work, based on excavations on St. Lawrence Island in the Bering Strait in the late 1920s and 1930s, resolved nearly a century of debate over the origins of the Eskimos. The prevailing view before then had been that the Eskimos were Canadian Indians who had migrated north.

But the artifacts discovered by Dr. Collins in excavations at several sites suggested a strong influence from Siberia and other parts of Asia over a period of 2,000 years.

A native of Geneva, Ala., Dr. Collins graduated from Millsaps College, which awarded him an honorary doctorate for his work on St. Lawrence Island.

He moved to Washington and joined the staff of the Smithsonian in 1925. After his studies in the Bering Strait he did work in the 1940s and 1950s on the prehistory of Canadian Eskimos.

Dr. Collins retired from the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History in 1967, but he maintained an office there and continued to publish his research until 1986.

He was a former president of the Washington Anthropological Society, a vice president of the Society of American Archeology, a founder and member of the board of governors of the Arctic Institute of North America and a member of the Cosmos Club.

He lived in Washington until moving to the nursing home in Campbelltown early this year.

Survivors include his wife, Carolyn Walker Collins of Campbelltown; one daughter, Judith Collins Rafferty of Bethesda, and one granddaughter.

FREDERICK GARNETT,

32, a staff psychologist at St. Elizabeths Hospital and the founder and leader of a support group for persons with acquired immune deficiency syndrome, died Oct. 22 at the Hospice of Northern Virginia of complications resulting from AIDS.

Mr. Garnett had been on the staff at St. Elizabeths since 1983 when he took an internship there. At the time of his death he was assigned in the division of forensic programs.

He discovered he had AIDS almost two years ago, and soon thereafter formed a support group of about a dozen AIDS patients with the help of Howard University. He was the last member of the group to die.

A resident of Washington, Mr. Garnett was born in Chicago and graduated from Northwestern University. He had studied for a doctorate in psychology at Adelphi University and had completed all but his dissertation before moving to Washington in 1983.

On Oct. 9 he received an "American Who Cares" award from the National AIDS Network, a support and informational organization. The award was for educational and informational work he had done on AIDS-related issues, particularly in black and other minority communities.

Mr. Garnett was a board member of the National Association of People With AIDS, the National Minority AIDS Council and the Whitman-Walker Clinic in Washington.

There are no immediate survivors.

JOY MARTIN,

48, a special assistant on the African regional desk of the Voice of America and a former production assistant to Willis Conover, the VOA's jazz host, died of congestive heart failure Oct. 23 at Sibley Memorial Hospital.

Mrs. Martin, a resident of Washington, was born in Jersey City, and moved here in 1952. She attended Strayer Business College and American University.

She went to work at the Voice in 1956. She was a secretary in the Hungarian and Spanish services and then a broadcast production assistant in the East and South Asian divisions and the French African service. In 1965, she was assigned as a production assistant to Conover, the host of the VOA's "Music USA" jazz program. She later became a news writer.

From 1972 to 1981, Mrs. Martin lived in New York and worked for WMHT-FM, public radio's classic music station in Schenectedy, N.Y. In 1981, she returned here and rejoined Voice of America as a news writer.

Her marriage to John B. Martin ended in divorce.

Survivors include two daughters, Kimberley and Hillary Martin, both of Walnut Creek, Calif.; her parents, Robert and Cecilia Kozlik of Pompano Beach, Fla., one brother, Robert Kozlik Jr. of Haymarket, Va., and one sister, Teresa Moorhead of Milford, N.J.

CARL B. CLARK,

32, a Navy lieutenant who had lived in the Washington area since 1967, died Oct. 19 at a hospital in Subic Bay, the Philippines, after a heart attack.

Lt. Clark, a specialist in aviation electronics, was stationed aboard the cruiser Sterrett at the time of his death.

The Atlanta native graduated from Eastern High School and the Capitol Page School, then from the U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis in 1980. He had duty at various shore stations before joining the Sterrett two years ago.

Lt. Clark was a member of the New Light Baptist Church in Washington.

Survivors include his wife, Karen, and daughter, Carla, both of Washington; his father, Rogers Clark of Atlanta; his mother, Mary Clark Gault, and his stepfather, the Rev. A.L. Gault, both of Washington, and two sisters, Pam Clark and Precious Williams, and three brothers, Anthony, Gregory and Jerome Clark, all also of Washington.