The new Fairfax County Board of Supervisors, which takes office tomorrow, represents a return to power of the county's Democratic Party and an overwhelming philosophical shift against fast-paced development.

Three supervisors from the old board were replaced in the Nov. 3 election by candidates who favored slowing the county's rate of development.

The new board's agenda is dominated by such growth-related issues as new road construction to relieve traffic jams, a possible revision of zoning laws to reduce the amount of office construction on land zoned for industrial or commercial uses, and increased county services.

The population of Fairfax County increased from 596,901 in 1980 to 704,757 in 1987.

Supervisors on the new board also have said that a consensus is building to hold more meetings than did the previous board, which met 28 times last year.

The nine-member board, the county's chief legislative body, is responsible for setting county goals and forming policy. It passes the county budget, which in fiscal 1988 was $1.7 billion, and sets local tax rates. It appoints members to advisory bodies, such as the county Planning Commission and the School Board, and works with the county's delegation to the state General Assembly, seeking changes in state laws and policies that affect the county.

Fairfax County is divided into eight magisterial districts, each of which is represented by one supervisor elected to a four-year term. The ninth member of the board, the chairman, is the only supervisor elected at large in the 399-square-mile county. The chairman, who has no more powers than the other supervisors, is generally considered the county's leading spokesman and plays a major role in dealing with the state government, shaping public opinion and setting the county's agenda.

The entire board was up for reelection in November, and three incumbent Republican supervisors, including Board Chairman John F. Herrity, were unseated. Three new supervisors were elected, and former Annandale Supervisor Audrey Moore, a Democrat, was chosen as chairman.

The old board had a 5-to-4 Republican majority, with five members who held jobs in addition to their supervisor seats, which are technically part-time posts that paid $21,589 a year.

The new board has a 7-to-2 Democratic majority, with four members who hold outside jobs. A pay increase approved by the old board, effective tomorrow, raises the annual salary to $35,000. Salaries will increase incrementally to $45,000 in 1991, when the entire board will face reelection.Chairman Audrey Moore

Long considered a political maverick, Democrat Audrey Moore, the new chairman of the county board, now has the opportunity to prove she is a leader, according to county business and political officials.

Moore, who was first elected to the board in 1971, spent 16 years as the Annandale District supervisor trying to slow the county's growth, fighting with developers and, occasionally, alienating other supervisors.

She was elected chairman by a 3-to-2 ratio over three-term incumbent Republican Herrity, in an $850,000 campaign -- the most expensive local election ever in Northern Virginia. The vote was seen as a referendum on the county's future and a popular endorsement of Moore's campaign theme that transportation and development policies need to be balanced.

As the titular head of the county and the only board member elected at large, Moore's biggest immediate challenge is forming a majority coalition among the nine-member board to enact her campaign promises to speed road construction and slow development.

Moore, who turned 59 Monday, traces her concern about overdevelopment to her childhood in Larchmont, N.Y., a suburb of New York City, where she watched new buildings crowd out open spaces and contribute to pollution.

Her political roots took hold in 1966, when she spearheaded the successful effort to turn back a planned high-rise apartment complex on 230 acres near the Capital Beltway and Little River Turnpike (Rte. 236) that are now Wakefield Park. She also played a key role in the 1967 park bond referendum.

In a recent interview, Moore said she intends to seek a "phased-in" reduction in the amount of office space allowable on industrial-zoned land, although she is not sure what form her efforts will take. She said she favors a spring road bond referendum of about $150 million but probably would not support a tax increase this year.

Born in Maracaibo, Venezuela, Moore graduated from the University of New Hampshire in 1950 with a bachelor's degree in economics. She married Samuel V. Moore, now a retired Fish and Wildlife Service official, in 1955 and moved to Fairfax County a year later. They live in the Fairfax Hills area and have three sons: Robert, 30; Andrew, 28, and Douglas, 26.

{Office: The Massey Building, 4100 Chain Bridge Rd., Fairfax, Va. 22030; 246-2321.}

Sharon Bulova

Democrat Sharon Bulova, a former aide to board chairman Moore and her handpicked candidate as Annandale District supervisor, is expected to be one of Moore's closest allies.

A newcomer to county politics, Bulova, 40, defeated Republican Patrick Mullins by a 3-to-2 ratio in the November election in the only board race for an open seat.

Bulova said one of the main problems in the Annandale District, in the center of the county with 21 square miles and 75,032 residents, is "cut-through traffic. There is a lot of growth happening to our west that affects transportation in our district."

A partial solution to that problem, Bulova said, is commuter train service on the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac and the Norfolk Southern railroad lines. She said other factors that could help unclog roads include more cross-county bus routes and additional feeder buses that would drop passengers at express bus, Metro and commuter rail stops.

Bulova said that in addition to studying how efficiently the county is spending its tax dollars, "we also need to be looking for places to find new money. We should look into the feasibility of increasing the transient occupancy tax -- a hotel and motel tax."

She said she favors the idea of a spring bond referendum to finance road improvements.

Bulova said fighting for more and better child care services in the county will be high on her agenda, and that she will encourage more private corporations to offer child care services in office parks or at their work places.

A member of the Annandale Central Business District Planning Committee and past vice chairman of the Fairfax County Tree Commission, Bulova served two terms as vice president and two terms as president of the Kings Park Civic Association from 1982 to 1986.

Born and reared in Baltimore, Bulova has an associate degree in business management from Northern Virginia Community College in Annandale. She moved to Fairfax County in 1966 when she married Richard T. Bulova, a civilian physicist with the Army at Fort Belvoir. They live in Kings Park West and have two children, David, 18, and Karin, 16.

{Office: 4414 Holborn Ave., Annandale, Va. 22003; 425-9300.}

Martha V. Pennino

Democrat Martha V. Pennino, Centreville District supervisor and vice chairman of the old board, isn't called Mother Fairfax for nothing. The 69-year-old supervisor has established her popularity countywide during five terms on the Board of Supervisors.

As Fairfax has grown during the years, Pennino has moderated her former progrowth stance while remaining one of the county's chief economic boosters. She is expected to wield an influential swing vote on the new board.

Pennino defeated Republican challenger Linda Douglas, a former congressional aide who was vice chairman of the Fairfax County Republican Committee, with 59 percent of the vote in November.

Her district, which is experiencing some of the most rapid growth in the county, covers 57 square miles from Vienna to the edge of Loudoun County, with a population of 103,286.

Pennino said one of her chief concerns is protecting the planned community of Reston from pressures to replace older buildings with larger ones, which threaten to mar the area's appearance and compound traffic problems.

Completing construction of the Springfield Bypass from Franklin Farm to Rte. 7 and widening West Ox Road are also high on her list of goals.

On a broader scale, Pennino said she will seek expanded mass transit, including more high-occupancy lanes on the highways and a rapid rail line down the median of I-66 and the Dulles Access Road.

Despite Democrat Moore's landslide election as board chairman, interpreted throughout the county as a strong mandate for slower growth, Pennino said the political climate is not ripe for the board to adopt new restrictions on areas zoned for industrial use, an idea she supported a year ago.

Blaming many of Fairfax County's transportation problems on the state government, Pennino said the county should consider becoming a city to gain greater control over its roads and streets.

She said she would oppose new taxes but favors a referendum calling for roughly $300 million in bonds to finance road improvements.

Pennino and her husband Walter live in Vienna. They have four grown children, Walter Jr., Donna, Angela and Bonita.

{Office: 12000 Bowman Towne Dr., Reston, Va. 22090; 478-0283.}

Lilla Richards

Though a newcomer to the board, Democrat Lilla Richards, the Dranesville District supervisor, is no stranger to the board room. Considered an authority on the county's zoning laws, Richards for years has been a fixture at public hearings, using complex zoning codes to challenge developers.

A leader of the slow-growth movement, Richards was a reluctant candidate who was talked into running for supervisor by her longtime friend and new board chairman Moore. Richards is expected to be the new board's most vocal foe of development.

Richards, 48, has expressed concern about two key board appointees: George M. Lilly, chairman of the county Planning Commission, and Mary E. Collier, chairman of the School Board. She inherited both appointees from the previous Dranesville supervisor, two-term incumbent Nancy K. Falck, a Republican.

"There is tremendous concern about both individuals," Richards said in a recent interview. "One reason that I had so much support in the election was that people wanted to remove both chairs."

Under state law, appointees who come under a newly elected supervisor are allowed to serve out their terms. Collier's term expires June 1989; Lilly's term runs until December 1988.

Richards won a three-way race with 43 percent of the vote to Falck's 42 percent and independent Robert L. Thoburn's 14 percent. Her 67-square-mile district, which has 86,979 residents, is the northernmost in the county and includes the towns of Herndon, McLean and Great Falls and parts of Tysons Corner.

Richards said she favors reducing the amount of development allowed on land zoned for industrial and commercial uses, "or the board is going to have to limit the {density of development} through proffers they grant in these districts."

She said the county's $1.7 billion budget has "enormous pockets of money" that can be deleted or reallocated, adding, "I don't think we're efficiently spending the money we have earmarked for road improvements." She favors "trying to give people a real {tax} rate decrease."

She also endorsed the idea of a spring road bond referendum, with funds for the Dranesville District being used primarily for "spot safety improvements."

Born in the District and reared in Arlington, Richards, past president of the county Federation of Citizens Associations and a member of the National Capitol Region Transportation Planning Board, received a degree in English and history from the University of South Carolina in Columbia.

She lives with her husband of 27 years, Stanley I. Richards, president of the Richards Corp., which manufactures light tables for the interpretation of satellite photography, in the Woodside area of the county.

{Office: McLean Governmental Center, 1437 Balls Hill Rd.; 356-0551.}

Joseph Alexander

In 23 years as the Lee District supervisor, Democrat Joseph Alexander has built a base of popular support that transcends party affiliation and, in the November election, insulated him from the antidevelopment backlash that swept three other progrowth supervisors out of office.

A conservative who frequently sided with the previous board's 5-to-4 Republican majority, Alexander was reelected without opposition. His colleagues on the new board expect him to be independent on countywide policy issues and aggressive in seeking funds for projects in his district.

Long known as a "pothole politician" who tackles the tiniest problems, Alexander said two major transportation initiatives are his countywide priorities. He said he is most concerned about completing the Springfield Bypass and arranging mass transit to Dulles International Airport, by either express rail service or a Metro extension.

His district encompasses 32 square miles with a population of 77,228 in the eastern part of the county, bordered by Alexandria to the north and Mount Vernon in the south.

In Lee District, Alexander said, improvements to Van Dorn Street, Beulah Street and Telegraph Road top his agenda. He said he will continue his efforts to get money for the Franconia/Springfield Metro station still on the drawing board.

He also said that on a selective basis, he would support new land use restrictions on areas zoned for high-density development.

"I think there are some areas of the county where we would want to take a look at controlling the form of development," Alexander said.

Predicting that the current tax rate and economic expansion would meet the county's revenue needs, Alexander said he supports no new taxes. As soon as the county is prepared to spend the money, Alexander said, he would endorse a bond referendum to raise capital for road improvements.

Alexander, 58, is expected to remain the county's representative to the Metro Board. In 1987, he served his third one-year term as chairman of the Metro Board. He said he plans to leave his job as a vice president of Perpetual Savings Bank in January to begin his own transportation consulting firm but added that he would not consult locally to avoid possible conflict of interest.

Born in Pittsburgh, Alexander graduated from Mount Vernon High School and majored in business and public administration at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute. He and his wife Davie, who is executive director of the Mount Vernon/Lee Chamber of Commerce, live in Franconia. They have two daughters, Cathy, 26, and Cheri, 21.

{Office: 6121 Franconia Rd., Alexandria, Va. 22310; 971-6262.}

Thomas M. Davis III

Republican Thomas M. Davis III, entering his third term as the Mason District supervisor, is between a rock and a hard place, according to his board colleagues.

A moderate with a talent to shape compromises, Davis frequently sided with Democrat Moore, when she was Annandale supervisor, on major issues that came before the previous board. Now that he is one of only two Republicans on the nine-member board, county GOP members will be watching to see if he can continue to work with her and remain an effective party spokesman.

"There is certainly a group out there that's looking at me to be a loyal opposition, and I don't view my role that way," Davis said. Nevertheless, Davis said he is "nervous" that Moore and other members of the Democratic majority will shut him out of inner-circle policy discussions.

A 38-year-old lawyer, Davis defeated independent Daniel Belsole with 86 percent of the vote, and many speculate that he may one day run for chairman. He did not rule out a campaign four years from now, but said that if Moore does a good job, "she doesn't have to worry about me running against her."

Davis said he will work to prevent "transportation mania" from eclipsing other priorities, such as improving education, attracting moderate-income housing and ensuring that the quality of county facilities is consistent across the magisterial districts.

Mason District, an area of 19 square miles with a population of 75,828, runs from Seven Corners in the north to Lincolnia in the south. It includes some of the county's older neighborhoods, which Davis said he will seek to revitalize with street and sidewalk improvements.

Davis supports zoning restrictions linking new high-density development to transportation improvements.

He also said he will try to improve tax collection but opposes "a significant increase in either personal property or real estate taxes."

Davis said he will fight for greater county authority over the roads because current state controls leave Fairfax largely hamstrung in its efforts to alleviate congestion.

A member of the executive board of the Virginia Association of Counties, Davis has chaired the Board of Supervisors' housing and legislative subcommittees. He is a former president of the Baileys Crossroads Rotary Club.

Reared in Northern Virginia, Davis graduated from Amherst College with honors in political science and received his law degree from the University of Virginia Law School. He and his wife Peggy, a doctor, were married in 1973. They live in the Ravenwood area with their two children, Carlton, 5, and Pamela, 2.

{Office: 6507 Columbia Pike, Annandale, Va. 22003; 256-7717.}

Gerald Hyland

Democrat Gerald Hyland, the new Mount Vernon District supervisor, knows how to get things done.

He recently had himself thrown in jail and wouldn't come out until he had raised $10,000 for charity; on Election Day, he put campaign posters in front of the incumbent supervisor's district office. When the supervisor, outraged, called police to complain, they politely explained that the building was also a polling place, so it was legal.

Hyland is expected to be a swing vote on the new board, asserting his independence while generally backing the "balanced growth" agenda of new chairman Moore.

A former member of the County Board of Zoning Appeals, Hyland, 51, received 58 percent of the vote in unseating Republican T. Farrell Egge, who had won his seat in a 1984 special election.

The Mount Vernon District, the southernmost in the county with 60 square miles and 83,193 residents, stretches from Alexandria in the north to Prince William County in the south.

Tops on his agenda, Hyland said, is encouraging the continued redevelopment of Rte. 1, a thoroughfare lined with motels and fast-food restaurants that bisects the district in the south and forms its western boundary in the north.

Hyland, a partner with his wife in the Alexandria law firm of Hyland and Hyland, said he also will push for a better system of traffic lights, intersection improvements and more police patrols along Rte. 1, where about one-third of the serious crime in the county occurs.

Noting that his district is one of the more established in the county, Hyland said many of its public facilities, such as schools, need to be refurbished and upgraded. He said he will also seek to expand services for senior citizens.

Hyland said he supports changing zoning laws "to the extent they permit high-rise office development in the absence of public facilities, which only makes a bad situation worse." Changes in zoning laws should be crafted to allow developers to build at greater densities in exchange for providing proffers, such as road improvements, he said.

Born and reared in Holden, Mass., Hyland is a graduate of the College of Holy Cross and received a law degree from Georgetown University in 1962. He has a master's degree in taxation from George Washington University.

A colonel in the Air Force Reserves and past president of the United Community Ministries, Hyland moved to Fairfax County in 1967 and lives with his wife of 26 years, Carmen Colon Hyland, in the Sherwood area of the county. They have one daughter, Christiane, 22.

{Office: Mount Vernon Governmental Center, 2511 Parkers Lane, Alexandria, Va. 22306; 780-7518.}

Kate Hanley

As Audrey Moore's closest ally on the old board, Democratic Supervisor Kate Hanley of the Providence District sometimes lived in the new board chairman's shadow.

Hanley, who first won her seat in a July 1986 election, is given high marks by her colleagues, who expect her to become a more independent presence during her first full term while remaining a consistent supporter of Moore.

A former Falls Church schoolteacher, Hanley, 44, defeated Republican Myron Smith, a retired Navy captain, with 63 percent of the vote in November.

Her district of 30 square miles and 82,792 residents is one of the more diverse, stretching from Falls Church in the east to the Greenbriar area west of Fairfax City.

Hanley said one of her priorities will be to change the way the Board of Supervisors conducts its business so that "decisions are not made in a back room and ratified pro forma" in public sessions.

Board meetings should include time for citizens to comment on issues not already on the agenda, and more meetings should be held at night or on Saturdays so the public can attend, she said.

Hanley said she plans to fight for more county power over traffic management issues now controlled by the state government, something that could require new legislation. She added that she will try to diminish the flow of short-cut traffic through Providence District neighborhoods, a result of congested major thoroughfares.

She said she will "push and prod" state officials to hasten the planned widening of Lee Highway from Falls Church to Fairfax City, and that she favors a possible spring bond referendum for road improvements.

Other initiatives on her agenda include: day care centers in all county schools, and new parklands, particularly a parcel of property near Chantilly, at Rte. 50 and Stringfellow Road.

A former School Board member, Hanley earned two undergraduate degrees from the University of Missouri and a master's in social science from Harvard University. From 1976 to 1982, she and her husband Edward, now a federal employe, owned and operated a hardware store in Garrett County, Md.

They live in the Holmes Woods Crossing area with their two children, Cecilia, 14, and Patrick, 11, who attend Fairfax schools.

{Office: 8739 Lee Hwy., Fairfax, Va. 22031; 560-6946.}

Elaine McConnell

Supervisor Elaine McConnell, a conservative Republican from the Springfield District, is taking her new role as The Opposition seriously.

Two weeks ago, she had as harsh an exchange with Moore as their colleagues could remember. It wasn't over a controversial land use issue or road alignment; the two were trying to decide who should throw a goodbye party for three Republican supervisors who lost their reelection bids.

A professional educator with unassuming airs, McConnell was a close ally of outgoing board chairman Herrity and almost always voted with him on major policy issues. Now, one of only two Republicans on the new board, she is considered the most progrowth member of the overwhelmingly slow-growth body.

"A lot of people have promised no growth," she said in a recent interview. "I want to see how well they walk on water."

A one-term incumbent, McConnell was reelected with 50 percent of the votes in the Springfield District, versus 45 percent for Democrat Toni Carney and 5 percent for independent Thomas E. Giska.

McConnell, 60, said constructing new roads is the biggest issue facing her district, the largest -- 113 square miles in the far southwest of the county -- and most rapidly developing in Fairfax, growing from 75,715 residents in 1980 to 120,419 in 1987.

"We have a tremendous amount of money for roads, but no pavement down," she said. "That's our top priority. We've got to watch every project, cut every piece of bureaucracy and find every shortcut."

McConnell said she is "apprehensive" about supporting a spring road bond referendum because a special election would be expensive, "schools are just as important," and the county has a large surplus of allocated but unsold bonds.

She said she is opposed to tax increases and changes in zoning laws that would restrict the amount of office space in land zoned for industrial use, saying it might drive business from the county and result in higher homeowner taxes to pay for roads.

McConnell founded Accotink Academy in Springfield in 1964 and subsequently opened two other schools, Accotink Academy Preschool, also in Springfield, and Rivers Bend Farm, a school for boys with behavioral problems and learning disabilities in Page County, Va. The three schools combined have about 500 students and 140 employes.

The Jacksonville, Fla., native married Warren H. McConnell, now a retired special agent with the U.S. Treasury Department, in 1946. They moved to Fairfax County in 1961 and live in the West Springfield area of the county. They have three children, Matthew, Mark and Susan.

{Main Office: West Springfield Governmental Center, 6140 Rolling Rd., Springfield, Va. 22152; 451-8873.}