Standing in Glover-Archbold Park near the luxury homes on Reservoir Road, Mohammed Khaki acknowledges that dying in Georgetown might seem an odd way to dramatize his struggle to overthrow the government of his native Iran.

But Khaki and 22 other Iranian opponents of the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, camped near the French Embassy, insist they will starve to death in a hunger strike unless France reverses its decision last month to expel a dozen Iranian dissidents. The hunger strikers charge that France gave in to blackmail, expelling the anti-Khomeini Iranians as part of a bargain to win the freedom of French hostages in Beirut.

In a test of will against the government of French Prime Minister Jacques Chirac, about 100 Iranians have been fasting for weeks in Washington, London, Paris and the African nation of Gabon, where the dissidents were deported.

Spokesmen for the hunger strikers in Gabon and Paris said that, as of Monday, 13 persons have been hospitalized during the protests, one with partial paralysis.

Those two groups of strikers are in their 30th day of fasting today.

In Washington, the hunger strikers are camping in a heated tent and two motor homes in Glover Park, a few hundred yards from the French Embassy gate. They have posted large signs and form a periodic picket line to publicize their demand that France allow the deported Iranians to return to defend themselves in court in Paris.

Khaki, the spokesman for the group, said in an interview that some neighbors of the hunger strikers' campsite on Reservoir Road NW have expressed sympathy and support.

Still, he conceded, it is difficult for many Americans to understand the use of such a drastic form of protest. "If Iran can succeed in blackmailing a foreign government to throw us out," he explained, it threatens "all {Iranian refugees'} lives and our future.

"So we want to stop that at the beginning -- at any price," Khaki said.

Khaki said none of the Georgetown hunger strikers, who have not eaten in 21 days, has been hospitalized. Khaki said they are drinking as much water as they want, plus four cups of tea with 10 cubes of sugar daily.

Speaking softly, Khaki explained his own condition: "My blood pressure is very low, and I get dizzy and I have pains in my legs and my back . . . . But our willingness to continue is very strong."

The hunger-strikers include a family of three -- Shirin, her husband Ibrahim and their daughter Neda -- who fled their home in western Iran, after Iraq attacked in 1980. The family, who asked that their last name not be printed to avoid retribution against relatives still living in Iran, has lived in Alexandria for three years.

An Iranian neurosurgeon attending the hunger strikers, Dr. Said Jamshidi, noted yesterday that the fasters are now "risking permanent damage to the kidneys, heart and other organs."

The fasts began after French police rounded up the Iranians in the Paris region on Dec. 7 and deported them the next day to Gabon. But the 12 Iranians now confined to a hotel in Gabon's capital, Libreville, immediately declared a hunger strike and sympathizers in Paris, London and Washington followed suit.

The Iranian dissidents are supporters of the People's Mujaheddin, an organization that fights within Iran and campaigns internationally for Khomeini's overthrow. Mujaheddin is a generic term in Arabic and Persian, meaning Moslem "holy warriors." The Iranian opposition group is unrelated to the anti-Soviet Afghan guerrillas, who also call themselves mujaheddin.

The Mujaheddin are one of the best-known groups in what is a widely diversified and fractured Iranian opposition to the Khomeini government.

The expulsions raised criticism of Chirac within France, as well as from about 100 members of Congress who signed letters to French President Francois Mitterrand. Mitterrand had no direct role in the expulsion decision and has ordered an inquiry.

There are no signs of any quick solution. Naziri, the spokesman in Paris, said by telephone that lawyers for the deportees are working to have the expulsions overturned in court, but that a ruling is not expected before Jan. 12. "Given the serious state of some of the strikers, that is very late," he said.