82, a former prime minister and finance minister of Belgium who headed six governments between 1949 and 1973, died Jan. 3 at his home in Leuven. The cause of death was not reported.

As prime minister, he led the government during the difficult period when Belgium granted independence to the Congo, now Zaire, in 1960. He also led the government that initiated the 1970 constitutional revision giving some autonomy to Flanders and Wallonia, linguistic regions in Belgium. He was minister of finance and economy in three governments.


60, a partner with his brother in founding the Lums restaurant chain and building Caesars Palace into one of the world's premier resorts, died Jan. 4 in Miami. He had a heart ailment.

He and his brother Clifford bought Caesars in September 1969 for $58 million. They sold their interest in 1981 for $98.2 million. The brothers made their fortune in the restaurant business, borrowing $6,000 in 1956 to start a hot dog restaurant in Miami called Lums. By 1969 the company had grown to 379 restaurants.


87, a retired director of the public relations department for the Du Pont Co. who had been president of the National Press Club in Washington in 1938 and of the Gridiron Club in 1941, died of a heart ailment Jan. 3 at his home in Wilmington, Del.

Before joining Du Pont in 1944, he was a Washington correspondent for the New York Evening Post, the Philadelphia Evening Ledger and the Houston Chronicle. After retiring from Du Pont in 1965, he wrote a book, "The President Speaks Off the Record," a history of the Gridiron Club.


92, a leading writer for young people whose book on pioneer life was turned into the 1956 Walt Disney movie "Westward Ho! The Wagons," died Jan. 4 at a nursing home in Portland, Ore. The cause of death was not reported.

Her first book, "Children of the Covered Wagon," was published in 1934 and became a choice of three national book clubs. Her other children's books included "Peggy and Paul and Laddy," "Young Mac of Fort Vancouver," which was a Newbery Medal runner-up, and "Top of the Morning," a book of verse for children.


43, one of Brazil's best-known cartoonists and a leading crusader for the fight against AIDS, died Jan. 4 in Rio de Janeiro as a result of the disease. A hemophiliac, his physicians said he apparently contracted the AIDS virus from a transfusion of contaminated blood.

In recent years, he had become a leading critic of the government's actions in combating AIDS, especially in providing test kits and screening blood banks. The cartoonist, whose real name was Henrique de Souza Filho, was known for a popular comic strip set in poor rural Brazil that lampooned the government and the military. He published several books of prose and drawings and worked in television and films.


94, a Czech immigrant whose Dobro guitar became a standard instrument in bluegrass bands, died Jan. 3 at his home in Grants Pass, Ore. The cause of death was not reported.

Mr. Dopyera, originally a violin maker, in 1925 came up with the idea of using a spun aluminum cone to amplify the sound of a guitar. Three years later, he and his four brothers -- the name stands for Dopyera Brothers -- began making the instruments. It was made famous through the Grand Old Opry by Bashful Brother Oswald of Roy Acuff's band and Josh Graves, who played with Lester Flatt and Earl Scruggs.