D.C. Mayor Marion Barry, under increasing pressure to stem the city's escalating drug-related violence, yesterday launched Operation Fight Back, a three-point program to combat the drug trade.

Barry said Operation Fight Back will focus on prevention, treatment and enforcement, and will include stepped-up efforts to shut down "shooting galleries" and "crack houses," and to evict tenants who are selling or using drugs in public housing units.

Meanwhile, D.C. Council member H.R. Crawford (D-Ward 7), saying more drastic action is needed, called upon the mayor to declare a state of emergency and request that the D.C. National Guard help the police regain control of the streets.

Crawford, citing the 46 homicides in the first 42 days of this year, said, "These murderers have undertaken drastic measures and that means that we must be willing and bold enough to undertake drastic action."

Crawford's call for the National Guard brought an angry response from Barry.

"The city is not out of control," Barry said through a spokesman. "I believe there are sufficient police to combat the crime problem in this city."

"Apparently Mr. Crawford wants the streets of Washington to look like they did 20 years ago when the National Guard and the U.S. Army walked our streets," he said.

Crawford, earlier yesterday, said he realized that the D.C. National Guard has not been called up for a major emergency since the 1968 riots, but he said there is a different kind of battle now.

"Even twenty years ago, people weren't running around with semiautomatic weapons," he said. "They only had matches."

Crawford said he is not suggesting that the mayor request thousands of members of the National Guard. Instead, he said the mayor should seek small units of 50 to 100 members for 90 days to assist police in drug trafficking areas and neighborhoods where gangland-style murders have occurred. In addition, he said the guard could be used to conduct "stop and search" techniques at bridges and major entry points into the city.

At a news conference in the gym of the D.C. Police Training Academy, Barry, surrounded by top city and police officials, said he also will open new drug treatment clinics and will reassign 100 police officers to a new street-level drug enforcement unit.

"We're going to reclaim our streets and save our children," said Barry. "We're saying here and now this city belongs to us."

Barry said that under his plan, the city will "provide timely treatment and rehabilitation to all drug users who wish to end their abuse."

He also said that the city will increase its outpatient treatment capacity by 20 percent by opening two outpatient treatment clinics in Wards 7 and an abstinence treatment facility in Ward 5. Drug treatment programs now have long waiting lists.

He also said that a 32-bed drug-treatment unit to rehabilitate prison inmates will be set up in a proposed 800-bed correctional facility. But Corrections Director Hallem H. Williams Jr. said that the city will not begin breaking ground for the facility for four months, and it will not be completed for a few years.

Crawford also stressed the need for stronger enforcement against drug trafficking, calling upon the federal government to increase its patrols along coastal areas.

"The drug-dealing mobsters have declared {war} on our citizens, and it is time for us to fight back with every available resource that is at our disposal," said Crawford, whose ward includes parts of Northeast and Southeast Washington.

Additional officers will begin patrolling the 7th Police District, which includes parts of the wards of Crawford and council member Wilhelmina J. Rolark (D-Ward 8), this weekend, the mayor announced Thursday.

Barry and Police Chief Maurice T. Turner Jr. showed off the city's newest resource -- 9mm semiautomatic handguns -- inside a police shooting gallery after Barry's news conference. "These are good guns," said Barry, who fired at a target of a man seven yards away. "They fire rapidly."

Earlier this week, Turner said he will soon give every officer a semiautomatic handgun to help gain parity with the more sophisticated firearms in the hands of criminals.

Barry said that no additional funds will be needed for his new program. But some city officials said that Operation Fight Back is more of an effort to coordinate already existing citywide services rather than propose any new initiatives.

"There's not much new here," said Rolark, who is up for reelection this year. "We simply need more police on the street. People are afraid to get off their buses. We have people who are afraid to emerge from their homes."

Gary Hankins, chairman of the Fraternal Order of Police labor committee, also was skeptical about the new plan. "What we're seeing is much more form than substance," Hankins said.

"I don't think there are any more specific law enforcement resources being applied to the program," said Hankins. "Coming up with new titles for the use of existing resources is not going to do anything to solve this problem."

Crawford, who is also up for reelection, said his call for the National Guard and other initiatives should complement Barry's plan of action.

He called upon the mayor to seek council approval to hire 300 police officers and to fund more overtime for the police department. He also asked the mayor to invoke a curfew of midnight to 5 a.m. for persons under 18 years of age, establish satellite drug treatment facilities and seek federal financial and law enforcement assistance.

Crawford announced his program at a news conference in the Stoddart Recreation Center at 155 Ridge Rd. SE, which is near an area that has experienced an escalation of drug-related violence. About three dozen community activists and residents applauded Crawford's efforts.

"The people out here are pioneers," said Lloyd Smith of the Marshall Heights Community Development Center. "Pioneers do what they have to do to hold on to their neighborhoods. Calling for the National Guard might sound extraordinary to people who don't live here. But we don't think this is extraordinary. It's what's needed."

Martha Greene, who lives in Eastland Gardens near two heavy drug trafficking areas, said suspected drug users park in her neighborhood, get out of their cars and walk to nearby corners to buy drugs. "We are tired of it," said Greene, who said she often can hear gunfire from the drug areas while she is in her home.

In the first 43 days of this year, 410 weapons were confiscated -- mostly semiautomatic or automatic -- compared with 279 last year, police said.

Barry pointed to several of these weapons lying in glass cases at his press conference. "Look at these guns," he said. "It's amazing."

The cases also displayed plastic bags filled with crack, cocaine, PCP, marijuana and drug paraphernalia. "Cocaine doesn't grow in Washington, D.C.," Barry said, calling for stronger efforts by police to intercept drugs at the airports and train stations before they reach the streets.