In the first round of Virginia schools' newest standardized tests, four out of every five sixth-graders in Fairfax County earned their Literacy Passports, the third-highest pass rate in the state.

However, black and Hispanic students fared significantly worse on the new, three-part test than their white classmates, according to results released by the state and county last week. In addition, the latest results from the traditional standardized tests that have been administered for years showed that a wide chasm remains between the scores of whites and Asians on the top end and blacks and Hispanics on the low end.

"I would have to characterize myself as still outraged by the scores," said Robert E. Frye, who holds the at-large minority seat on the School Board.

As part of an education reform effort three years ago, the state mandated that all students hoping to enter ninth-grade in 1992 must have earned a Literacy Passport by passing three sections measuring reading, writing and mathematics.

In Fairfax, 91 percent of the sixth-graders passed the mathematics portion of the test, 90 percent passed reading and 89 percent passed writing. Overall, 81 percent passed all three, leaving Fairfax far ahead of the 65 percent statewide average and behind only Middlesex County and the city of Radford among the state's 133 school districts.

The tests are based on sixth-grade learning levels and students who failed one or more portions have another two years to pass before being held back from ninth grade.

The pass rates reflect the same disparity among the races as traditional standardized tests. In reading, for instance, 94 percent of whites passed compared with 87 percent of Asians, 75 percent of Hispanics and 72 percent of blacks.

Likewise, this year's battery of Iowa Tests of Basic Skills, administered in grades 4, 6 and 8, and Tests of Achievement and Proficiency, administered in 11th grade, showed the same stubborn gaps.

Overall, the county students in various grades scored in the 71st to 77th percentiles. This means that on average they did better than 71 to 77 percent of test-takers nationwide.

However, statistics showed that Hispanics continue to score roughly 20 percentile points lower and blacks 30 percentile points lower than whites. Across the board, blacks placed below the national average (50th percentile) except in sixth- and eighth-grade language scores.

Even more frustrating for educators is how stagnant the scores seem. While scores for black students went up a few points in a few categories in a few grades, scores for Hispanics went down, sometimes precipitously.

The composite score for fourth-grade Hispanic students, for example, dropped from 57th percentile last year to 45th percentile this year.

Citing the results, several minority community leaders renewed their call for Superintendent Robert R. Spillane to resign.

"If none of our sports teams ever won a championship or the buses were always late or whatever, there would be outrage and some initiative to make major change," said School Board member Frye, who acknowledged that he didn't have the votes to fire Spillane. "In this one area, there's almost nothing."

"If there hasn't been any change in the scores, then maybe there should be a change in the administration," agreed NAACP President L. Marie Guillory.

Trying to tackle the problem, school officials have recently begun a program to make students more test-wise and a new summer school targeting minority achievement in 12 schools.

But that's too little, too late, in Frye's view. "It's a Band-Aid on a tremendous problem," he said.

School officials warn that too much should not be read into the scores. The tests do not reflect how long students have been in Fairfax schools or even how long they have been in the United States.

They represent the achievement of different groups of students, rather than the same students tracked year to year. And they do not reflect other measures such as grades, attendance or college acceptances.

"When you talk around the country to colleagues in other places, the same thing is happening," said Todd Endo, the district's research director.

Spillane, who has no intention of resigning, tried to look at the scores in the best light.

"The black scores are up," he said. "There's still a big gap, I know that. But the Washington Monument has been there a long time, too. It's not going to change overnight. If it did change dramatically in one year, that would be suspect."

NATIONAL PERCENTILE RANKS BY ETHNIC GROUP FOR 1988, 1989 AND 1990

..................READING....MATHEMATICS....LANGUAGE....COMPOSITION

..............88 89 90.....88 89 90.......88 89 90......88 89 90

......GRADE

WHITE.....4...72 72 71.....77 75 78.......78 70 70.....76 74 74

..........6 ..76 73 73.....79 79 79.......72 73 73.....78 78 78

..........8...76 76 77.....79 80 81.......77 76 77.....79 80 81

.........11...75 74 74.....76 76 76.......77 75 75.....79 78 78

BLACK.....4...42 41 41.....46 44 47.......48 46 45.....45 44 43

..........6...47 45 46.....49 47 47.......52 48 50.....49 47 49

..........8...46 44 43.....46 46 46.......53 48 51.....47 46 48

.........11...46 42 42.....45 39 41.......52 47 48.....48 44 45

HISPANIC..4...50 52 42.....59 61 56.......57 56 48.....56 57 45

..........6...57 52 50.....62 61 58.......59 57 54.....60 56 52

..........8...54 55 53.....60 61 59.......61 62 60.....58 58 57

.........11...60 54 52.....59 56 53.......66 60 58.....62 56 55

ASIAN.... 4...62 62 59.....78 75 76.......74 70 68.....72 69 67

..........6...68 68 67.....83 80 83.......74 73 73.....75 73 72

..........8...71 71 71.....85 84 84.......80 79 78.....77 77 77

.........11...63 65 64.....77 79 79.......74 73 75.....72 73 74

PERCENTAGE OF SIXTH-GRADERS WHO PASSED

PASSIGN RATES FOR ALL THREE TESTS

ALEXANDRIA..................52.2%

ARLINGTON................... 73.8

FAIRFAX CITY................ 80.8

FALLS CHURCH................ 79.1

LOUNDOUN COUNTY............. 72.4

PRINCE WILLIAM COUNTY....... 70.1

MANASSAS.................... 67.8

MANASSAS PARK............... 34.1

STATEWIDE................... 65.1

PASSING RATES FOR SEPARATE TESTS

JURISDICTION............READING.......WRITING.....MATHEMATICS

Alexandria..............72.1%..........67.7%.......73.4%

Arlington.............. 86.9.......... 80.2.........88.5

Fairfax County..........89.8...........88.9.........90.7

Fall Church.............94.6...........85.3.........93.5

Loundoun County.........86.2...........88.3.........86.8

Prince William County...87.2...........79.6.........85.4

Manassas................83.5...........80.3.........86.1

Manassas Park...........59.8...........56.5.........58.7

Statewide...............82.3...........77.0.........81.5

SOURCE: State Board of Education