Federal, military and Social Security retirees are due a January cost-of-living adjustment of at least 4.1 percent because of a 0.6 percent rise in living costs last month.

About 2 million people in the District, Maryland and Virginia will get the raise. Some will get it in two retirement checks. A few, such as military retirees who worked for the federal government and who also qualify for Social Security, will get the raise in three separate monthly benefit checks.

If living costs go up in the next few months, federal and military retirees will get a bigger percentage increase than active-duty federal and military personnel. The White House wants the 1991 pay raise to be 3.5 percent. A 4.1 percent raise is advancing in the House. Neither figure is official. And neither is related to the amount retirees will get.

The typical federal worker retiring this year gets an annuity of almost $14,000 a year. The typical Social Security benefit for 1990 is $6,800. The typical federal worker here earns just over $37,000 a year.

Benefits of retired civil servants, military personnel and people getting Social Security are adjusted each January based on the consumer price index. Their raise reflects the rise in inflation from the third quarter of this year over the third quarter of the previous year. In January of this year, federal and military retirees received a 4.7 percent adjustment. Federal workers and active-duty military personnel received a 3.6 percent raise after Congress increased it over the 2 percent President Bush had proposed.

Congressional budget-cutters are talking about delaying the effective dates of both the pay raise and pension increases until April to help reduce the federal deficit. Social Security benefits, which amount to $250 billion a year, account for a quarter of the federal budget. Because about one in every six Americans gets some kind of Social Security payment, it is politically unlikely that Congress will tamper with the amount or the timing of the Social Security benefit increase.

Communications Meeting

Carl Rochelle, who covers the federal beat for Cable News Network, will speak at the July 24 National Press Club luncheon of the National Association of Government Communicators. Call Barbi Richardson, 724-0790.

Job Mart

Selective Service is looking for a Grade 12 personnel management specialist or GM (merit pay) 13 supervisory personnel management specialist. Must have Civil Service status or reinstatement eligibility. Call 724-0435.

The National Climatic Data Center in Asheville, N.C., needs a GM (merit pay) 13 supervisory meteorologist. Call Betty Long, (804) 441-6548.

Overseas Private Investment Corp. wants a GS 6 secretary. Call 457-7013.

The Government Printing Office needs a GS 9

through 12 computer programmer/programmer analyst. Call Vivian White, 275-2853.

The African Development Foundation wants a bilingual (French/English) GS 14 supervisory social science analyst. Call Peggy Snowden, 673-3916.