JEAN FOURASTIE

French Economist

Jean Fourastie, 83, an economist who helped oversee the reconstruction of postwar France, died July 25 in the Lot region of south-central France. The cause of death was not reported.

Mr. Fourastie, a former head of the French Academy of Moral and Political Sciences, worked with such figures as Jean Monnet and Pierre Masse in planning economic and industrial policies after World War II. A longtime commentator for the newspaper Le Figaro and the news magazine l'Express, he wrote numerous books, including "The Great Hope of the 20th Century" and "40,000 Hours."

ALBERT BOWERS

Syntex Chairman

Albert Bowers, 60, chairman and former chief executive officer of Syntex Corp., an international pharmaceutical and life sciences company, died of heart ailments July 26 in Palo Alto, Calif.

Dr. Bowers joined Syntex in 1956 as a group leader in research. He was elected president of the corporation in 1976 and served as chief executive officer from 1980 through July 1989, and as chairman since 1981. He published more than 90 scientific papers on steroid research and originated more than 120 U.S. patents.

JESSIE LAIRD BRODIE

Birth Control Pioneer

Jessie Laird Brodie, 92, an internationally known physician who pioneered birth-control legislation and education in Oregon beginning in the 1930s, died July 25 in Portland. The cause of death was not reported.

Dr. Brodie was a founding member of the Pan American Medical Women's Association and served as president in 1956. She was president of the American Medical Women's Association in 1959-60 and its executive director from 1961 to 1965.

HOWARD WILSON BAKER

Poet

Howard Wilson Baker, 85, a poet known for his elaborate stanza forms and frequent use of Greek imagery, died of cancer July 25 in Porterville, Calif.

Mr. Baker, a citrus farmer, taught at Harvard in the 1940s and at the University of California's Berkeley and Davis campuses in the 1950s and 1960s.

His books include "Ode to the Sea and Other Poems" and "Letter From the County." Other works include a novel, "Orange Valley," and a play, "Trio."

JOHN H. HANKS

Johns Hopkins Professor

John H. Hanks, 83, an authority on leprosy and a professor emeritus of pathobiology at the Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, died of cancer July 11 at his home in Baltimore.

Dr. Hanks, a former director of the Johns Hopkins-Leonard Wood Memorial Leprosy Research Laboratory, studied leprosy in the Philippines in the 1940s. His work led him to develop the Hanks Balanced Salt Solution, a standard laboratory tool.