The following is a report of how major bills fared in Congress last week and a record of how local members of Congress voted.

Maryland senators are Democrats Paul S. Sarbanes and Barbara A. Mikulski. Virginia senators are Republican John W. Warner and Democrat Charles S. Robb.

Maryland representatives to the House are Roy P. Dyson (D-1st), Benjamin L. Cardin (D-3rd), Tom McMillen (D-4th), Steny H. Hoyer (D-5th), Beverly B. Byron (D-6th) and Constance A. Morella (R-8th).

Virginia representatives are D. French Slaughter (R-7th), Stan Parris (R-8th), and Frank R. Wolf (R-10th).

NV means Not Voting.

HOUSE VOTES

CIVIL RIGHTS BILL

By a vote of 272 for and 154 against, the House sent to conference with the Senate a bill (HR 4000) designed to overcome recent U.S. Supreme Court decisions that have made it more difficult for employees to prove claims of job discrimination. The Civil Rights Act of 1990 puts on employers the burden of proving that allegedly discriminatory personnel decisions were based on business necessity, a requirement that critics said would lead them to use the equivalent of quotas based on a worker's race or sex. Another disputed provision enables all bias victims to collect compensatory and in some cases punitive damages. Now, only victims of racial discrimination can receive such damages in cases of job bias. A yes vote was to pass the bill.

................. Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Byron ............. X

Cardin ............ X

Dyson ............. X

Hoyer ............. X

McMillen .......... X

Morella ........... X

VIRGINIA

Parris ................... X

Slaughter ................ X

Wolf ..................... X

TO INCREASE DEBT CEILING

The House voted 221 for and 205 against to raise the federal debt limit by $332 billion, from $3.122 trillion to $3.444 trillion. The new ceiling (HR 5355) is expected to give the government borrowing authority to pay its bills through the end of fiscal 1991 on Sept. 30, 1991. A yes vote was to hike federal borrowing by $332 billion.

................. Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Byron .................... X

Cardin ............ X

Dyson .................... X

Hoyer ............. X

McMillen .......... X

Morella ........... X

VIRGINIA

Parris ................... X

Slaughter ................ X

Wolf .............. X

SOCIAL SECURITY

By a vote of 413 for and 15 against, the House adopted an amendment to the debt limit bill (above) to keep Social Security trust fund surpluses from being used to make the federal deficit appear smaller. A yes vote was to stop using Social Security surpluses to artificially lower the deficit.

................. Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Byron ............. X

Cardin ............ X

Dyson ............. X

Hoyer ............. X

McMillen .......... X

Morella ........... X

VIRGINIA

Parris ............ X

Slaughter ......... X

Wolf .............. X

AIRLINE PASSENGER TAX

By a vote of 171 for and 252 against, the House refused to kill authority for airports to begin a $3 tax on passengers, who would be assessed the levy for originating and connecting flights. The maximum tax per round trip would be $12. The secretary of transportation must approve the user's fee in advance, and the revenue is for airport improvements. A yes vote opposed the new airport taxing authority.

................. Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Byron ............. X

Cardin ............ X

Dyson ............. X

Hoyer ............. X

McMillen .......... X

Morella ........... X

VIRGINIA

Parris ................... X

Slaughter ......... X

Wolf ..................... X

DEALING WITH IRAQ

By a vote of 208 for and 191 against, during debate on a farm bill (HR 3950), the House approved the softer of two approaches for using American farm policy to penalize Iraq for its militarism abroad and mistreatment of citizens at home. This occurred six days before Iraq invaded Kuwait. After the invasion, the House voted 416-0 to endorse President Bush's economic sanctions against Iraq. The vote empowered the secretary of agriculture to continue U.S. credit guarantees that help Iraq buy American farm exports such as wheat, rice and cattle. Its effect was to gut tougher language, approved earlier the same day, that denied Commodity Credit Corp. loan guarantees to Iraq. The Senate approved the stricter language (below). A yes vote was to soften a House rebuke of Iraq.

................. Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Byron ............. X

Cardin ................... X

Dyson .................... X

Hoyer .................... X

McMillen ................. X

Morella .................. X

VIRGINIA

Parris ............ X

Slaughter ......... X

Wolf ..................... X

SENATE VOTES

TO SANCTION IRAQ

The Senate voted 83 for and 12 against to eliminate Commodity Credit Corp. loan guarantees and other credit backing from U.S. taxpayers that Iraq uses to buy American farm exports. The CCC guarantees totaled $500 million last year. The vote occurred during debate on a new federal farm program (S 2830), six days before Iraq invaded Kuwait. A yes vote was to strip credit guarantees for Iraq from the farm bill.

................. Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Mikulski .......... X

Sarbanes .......... X

VIRGINIA

Robb .............. X

Warner ............ X

TO SAVE B-2 BOMBER

By a vote of 43 for and 56 against, the Senate refused to end production of the B-2 "stealth" bomber. The vote during debate on the fiscal 1991 defense authorization bill (S 2884) preserved about $2 billion for producing two more planes, plus other stealth funding, as requested by President Bush. Congress previously authorized 15 B-2s. A yes vote was to kill the B-2 bomber program.

................. Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Mikulski .......... X

Sarbanes .......... X

VIRGINIA

Robb ..................... X

Warner ................... X

CAMPAIGN FINANCE REFORM

By a vote of 59 for and 40 against, senators sent to the House a bill (S 137) reforming the way incumbents and challengers raise and spend money for their political campaigns. Although some provisions affect House races, members of that body were debating their own version of the measure. The Senate bill outlaws political action committee (PAC) contributions to federal elections; sets spending limits of up to $5 million for Senate candidates in general elections depending on state population; introduces public financing to federal campaigns through devices such as broadcast and postal subsidies, and prevents senators from increasing their salaries with outside speaking fees. Also, it prohibits senators from sending mass-mailings at taxpayer expense in the year of their reelection campaigns; further regulates television in campaigns by such means as requiring reduced advertising rates to candidates, and limits the amount of a candidate's own money and out-of-state contributions that can flow into federal campaigns. A yes vote was to pass the bill.

................. Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Mikulski .......... X

Sarbanes .......... X

VIRGINIA

Robb .............. X

Warner ................... X

PUBLIC FUNDING OF CAMPAIGNS

By a vote of 46 for and 49 against, the Senate rejected an amendment to strip the pending campaign finance bill (above) of limited public funding of congressional campaigns. The vote left intact a voucher system by which taxpayers would pay a share of radio and television advertising costs of candidates who abide by the bill's spending limits. The public funding also would consist of reduced mailing rates and direct funding of candidates whose opponents refuse to accept spending limits. A yes vote was to remove the bill's provisions for limited public financing of congressional campaigns.

................. Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Mikulski ........................ X

Sarbanes ................. X

VIRGINIA

Robb ..................... X

Warner ............ X

TO BAN SPEAKING FEES

The Senate adopted, 77 for and 23 against, an amendment to S 137 (above) to end as of Jan. 1, 1991 the much-criticized practice of senators bolstering their income with fees from talks to special interests. A yes vote was to prohibit senators from receiving outside speaking fees.

................. Yes ... No ... NV

MARYLAND

Mikulski .......... X

Sarbanes .......... X

VIRGINIA

Robb .............. X

Warner............. X

Compiled by Roll Call Report Syndicate