Carl Marcy, 77, a former chief of staff of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee who was widely regarded as one of the most astute and powerful staff members on Capitol Hill, died Sept. 19 at Anne Arundel General Hospital after a stroke.
Dr. Marcy was chief of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee staff from 1955 until he retired in 1974. He had served on the committee staff since 1950.
His service covered most of the chairmanship of Sen. J. William Fulbright (D-Ark.), and it included the years of the late 1960s and early 1970s when the committee became a rallying point for opposition to U.S. involvement in the war in Vietnam.
As a staff member, Dr. Marcy operated mostly behind the scenes. But he was widely considered an effective stage manager of the committee's confrontations with both the Johnson and Nixon administrations on the issue of the Vietnam War and an influential force in the forging of a bipartisan bloc of senators against the war.
He was sometimes jokingly called "the Ambassador," and he was known for the depth and breadth of his knowledge of foreign policy and for a conviction that Congress had to assert itself to claim its constitutional role in the determination of foreign policy.
He had a reputation as a skilled administrator and strategist who could hold and express his own convictions while at the same time retaining the confidence of senators of diverse persuasions from both parties.
A resident of Annapolis, Dr. Marcy was born in Oregon. He graduated from Willamette University, He received a law degree from Columbia University, where he also received a doctorate in international law and relations.
From 1935 to 1942, he taught economics, international law and foreign relations and economics at Columbia and at the City College of New York.
He moved to Washington in 1942, and joined the State Department as assistant legal adviser and legislative counsel. He remained there until joining the Senate Foreign Relations Committee staff.
In retirement, Dr. Marcy had practiced law in Washington and served as a director of the American Committee on East-West Accord. He edited the committee's newsletter, Outlook.
He received a Rockefeller Public Service Award in 1963. In 1963 and 1964, Dr. Marcy and his wife, Mildred Kester Marcy, were awarded a joint fellowship by the Institute of Current World Affairs to travel and live in several other countries to research U.S. foreign policy concerns.
Dr. Marcy and Francis O. Wilcox authored a 1955 book, "Proposals for Change in the United Nations."
In addition to his wife of 56 years, of Annapolis, survivors include a son, Eric Marcy of Washington, and three sisters, Helen Marcy of Bend, Ore., Bernice Yost of Portland, Ore., and Carol Vernon of Seaside, Ore.
GEORGE A. LAWLER Comsat Official
George A. Lawler, 70, a retired vice president for marketing for Comsat, died Sept. 20 at his home in Alexandria of complications arising from surgery for an aneurysm.
Mr. Lawler joined Comsat in 1965 and retired from the company in 1983. Among the major events for which he helped arrange global communications was the Apollo 11 flight to the moon in 1969. Comsat provided ground links and communications satellites that brought the lunar landing to a worldwide television audience estimated at 500 million.
Mr. Lawler also helped set up a satellite hot line between the White House and the Kremlin in 1971 to replace the conventional hot line that was established in 1962 in the wake of the Cuban missile crisis.
In 1972, he traveled to China to organize television coverage of President Nixon's historic trip there to normalize U.S. relations with that country.
A lifelong resident of Alexandria, Mr. Lawler graduated from George Washington High School. During World War II, he served in the Coast Guard. He studied at the Franklin Technical Institute in Boston.
After the war, he went to work for the Chesapeake & Potomac Telephone Co. In 1952, he joined the staff of the Army Signal Corps. In 1960, he became an IBM special marketing representative in Washington.
For his work with the Army Signal Corps, he received the Army's Exceptional Civilian Service Award.
Mr. Lawler was a member of the Alexandria Boat Club.
His wife, Lucille V. Lawler, died in 1981.
Survivors include three children, Nicholas Lawler of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Joan Chauncey of Alexandria and Susan Bullen of Mill Valley, Calif.; a brother, Jack Lawler of Alexandria; three sisters, Frances Nicholsen and Lillian Pennington, both of Alexandria, and Peggy Tucker of Colonial Beach, Va.; and four grandchildren.
MARIA T. ALVARADO Chef
Maria T. Alvarado, 61, a chef at the Gazebo Restaurant in the Washington Hilton Hotel, where she had worked for 25 years, died of cancer Sept. 20 at Suburban Hospital.
Miss Alvarado, who lived in Washington, was born in Bolivia. She came to the United States in 1957 and settled in Washington two years later.
She leaves no immediate survivors.